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吉安去老年斑多少钱吉安保仕柏丽整形美容医院治疗白瓷娃娃怎么样European trade policy has been thrown into disarray after Belgium’s government said it could not overcome objections in a regional parliament to an EU-Canada trade deal, despite weeks of talks to rescue the agreement.欧洲的贸易政策已陷入混乱,此前比利时政府称其无法解决一个地区议会对欧盟-加拿大贸易协定的反对,尽管有关各方已进行数周谈判来挽救该协定。The so-called Ceta pact is on the brink of collapse because of anti-globalisation objections in Wallonia, the French-speaking region of 3.5m people located a short drive from Brussels.瓦隆大区(Wallonia)的反全球化抗议意味着,欧盟与加拿大达成的《综合经济与贸易协定》(CETA)正处于崩溃边缘。瓦隆以法语作为主要语言,人口350万,距离布鲁塞尔只有一小段车程。Analysts say the power of a small region in one EU nation to frustrate a deal agreed on behalf of the bloc’s 500m people bodes ill for looming trade talks between the EU and a post-Brexit UK.分析人士称,一个欧盟国家的小小地方政府竟然有权力阻挠代表欧盟5亿人口签署的协定,对于即将开始的欧盟与退欧后的英国之间的贸易谈判是不祥之兆。The EU pact with Canada must be approved by all 28 member states before taking effect. Charles Michel, Belgian premier, supports the deal but said yesterday he could not sign it because Wallonia’s local parliament had voted against the agreement.欧盟与加拿大之间达成的协定,必须由所有28个成员国批准后才能生效。比利时首相夏尔.米歇尔(Charles Michel)持该协定,但他昨日表示,由于瓦隆地方议会投票反对该协定,导致他无法签字。The Ceta pact was to be signed at a long-planned ceremony on Thursday in Brussels. Justin Trudeau, Canada’s prime minister, and Donald Tusk, president of the European Council, resolved in an emergency phone call to continue efforts to try to save the deal.该协定原定于周四在布鲁塞尔一场策划已久的仪式上签署通过。加拿大总理贾斯廷.特鲁多(Justin Trudeau)与欧洲理事会(European Council)主席唐纳德.图斯克(Donald Tusk)进行了紧急通话,决心继续努力挽救该协定。“We think Thursday’s summit is still possible. We encourage all parties to find a solution. There’s yet time,” Mr Tusk said on Twitter.“我们认为周四的峰会仍有希望。我们鼓励有关各方找到一个解决方案。我们尚有时间,”图斯克在Twitter上表示。The affair has humiliated EU leaders, who had hoped that the “new generation” Canadian deal would set a benchmark for the world and pave the way for an even bigger trade deal with the US.该事件令欧盟领导人蒙羞,他们本希望与加拿大的这个“新一代”贸易协定能为全球树立一个标杆,并为将来与美国达成更大的贸易协定铺平道路。“EU trade policy won’t survive in a world where trade agreements have to be ‘democratised’ by every single national parliament and sub-legislature across the EU before they see the light of day,” said Peter Mandelson, the former EU trade commissioner. “This is a dagger at the heart of European trade policy, which must revert to an exclusive EU competence.”“欧盟的贸易政策无法在这样的世界生存,即贸易协定必须由欧盟所有国家的议会以及下级立法机构通过‘民主化’表决后才能生效,”欧盟前贸易专员彼得.曼德尔森(Peter Mandelson)说,“这是插入欧洲贸易政策心脏的一把匕首,这样的政策必须恢复至由欧盟胜任机构独家决定。”John Clancy, senior adviser at FTI Consulting in Brussels, said the EU’s credibility had been damaged by the “political grandstanding” of the Walloon parliament. “The potential negative impacts are huge, including of course for a future EU-UK trade deal post-Brexit,” he added.布鲁塞尔的FTI Consulting高级顾问约翰.克兰西(John Clancy)表示,瓦隆议会的“政治秀”损害了欧盟的信誉。“潜在的负面影响巨大,当然包括对未来英国退欧后欧盟-英国贸易协定的影响,”他补充道。Efforts to placate the Walloons continue but officials are not optimistic after so many rounds of fruitless talks.安抚瓦隆人的努力仍在继续,但经过如此多轮毫无结果的谈判,官员们并不乐观。“Everyone bent over backwards to try to suit the Walloons. But at this stage politics trumps trade,” said a trade official in another member state.“大家都竭尽全力讨好瓦隆人。但事到如今,政治压倒了贸易,”另一欧盟成员国的贸易官员说。 /201610/473791峡江县假体丰胸多少钱 It won’t be easy to get rid of coal.要摆脱煤炭没有那么容易。Worried the nation might miss its 2020 target to drastically cut emissions of carbon dioxide, the German government proposed a steep levy last year on the most heavily polluting generators. 因为担心德国达不到2020年大幅削减二氧化碳排放的目标,该国政府曾在去年提议对污染最严重的发电厂征收高额税费。The tax was intended to deliver a decisive blow against lignite or brown coal, the dirtiest fuel around and Germany’s main source of electricity.此举意在给褐煤决定性的一击。褐煤是这里最不清洁的燃料,也是德国电力的主要来源。Germany views itself as a leader in the push against climate change. 德国自认为是推动气候变化方面的领导者。It is probably the world’s most enthusiastic investor in renewable energy, mainly wind and sun. 它可能是世界上最热心于投资可再生能源的国家,主要发展风能和太阳能。But even the powerful Chancellor Angela Merkel couldn’t quite pull it off.但就连强悍的德国总理安格拉#8226;默克尔(Angela Merkel)也没能完全实现上述提议。Facing blowback from labor unions and governments in coal country, Berlin backed off, replacing the levy with a subsidy of 1.6 billion euros to gradually mothball eight coal-fired plants and shut them down permanently by 2023.面对来自工会和煤炭产区地方政府的阻力,柏林退缩了。它放弃征收那项税费,代之以16亿欧元(约合120亿人民币)的补贴,帮助逐渐淘汰八座燃煤发电厂,并在2023年结束前将它们永久关闭。Environmentalists hated it. 环境保护主义者非常不喜欢这种结果。Instead of being fined for polluting by the proposed new climate levy, utilities will instead get paid for keeping their oldest and most inefficient lignite plants on standby, noted a report for Oxfam on Germany’s energy policies by the environmental nonprofit E3G. 这些造成污染的事业公司非但不会被处以罚金,缴纳新提议的气候税费,反倒可以因为保留自己那些极其老旧和低效的褐煤电站,并暂停其运转而得到补贴,非营利环保组织E3G就德国能源政策为乐施会(Oxfam)制作的一份报告指出。It amounts to a golden handshake for utilities at the expense of taxpayers and consumers.这相当于用纳税人和消费者的钱给这些事业单位一大笔退职金。And that wasn’t all. The chancellery also rejected a push by Barbara Hendricks, the environment minister, to establish a road map to the total phaseout of coal, hoping to postpone timing decisions until after national elections next year.不仅如此,总理办公室还否决了环境部长芭芭拉#8226;亨德里克斯(Barbara Hendricks)确立彻底废除煤炭燃料的线路图的努力,希望将决策时间推迟到明年的大选之后。Berlin’s hesitance may seem like little more than a snag in Germany’s vaunted Energiewende. 柏林的犹豫看起来似乎不过是德国大肆宣扬的能源转型(Energiewende)遇到的一个障碍。At least the coal generators are scheduled to shut down eventually.至少依计划这些燃煤发电厂最终都会被关闭。But the resistance in the greenest of green countries underscores a more substantial challenge to the international effort to drastically reduce fossil fuels in the world’s energy supply: workers and retirees, local economies and communities still depend on the fuels the rest of us hope to let go of to preserve the planet for our children and our children’s children.但这个堪称绿中最绿的国家所遭遇的阻力,突显出在全球能源供应中大幅减少化石燃料的国际努力面临一个更实质性的挑战:工人和退休人员、仍然依赖这些燃料的地方经济和社区,尽管我们其他人希望放弃它们,以便保护这个星球,让我们的孩子及其后代拥有更好的环境。I’m old enough to remember President Jimmy Carter going on TV on April 18, 1977, declaring a moral equivalent of war against dependence on foreign oil, and telling Americans that we need to shift to plentiful coal. 我年龄够大,还能记得吉米#8226;卡特1977年4月18日在电视上宣布向美国对外国石油的依赖发起道义战争的情形,他告诉美国人我们需要转向储量丰富的煤炭。It seems unfair to simply tell the communities that worked on this shift: We’re sorry, but it didn’t work out.单单告诉这些社群,对不起,这场战争出了大问题,似乎不太公平。But making those who will suffer from this transformation whole is not just a matter of fairness. 但对那些会因这种转变受损的人做出补偿,不只是一个公平问题。A successful transition to a low-carbon future requires their support. 成功地迈向低碳的未来需要他们的持。And yet they remain pretty much an afterthought in the public debate over climate change.而在针对气候变化的公开辩论中,他们基本上始终是事后才被想起的群体。Employment in U.S. coal mines has been falling for decades, pushed more by market forces than environmental policy. 几十年来,美国煤矿的雇佣人数一直在下降,这更多是由市场力量推动,而非环境政策。The steep downturn of late is mainly because of a glut in the global steel market and extra-cheap natural gas. 近来这一数字大幅降低,主要是因为全球钢铁市场供过于求,加上天然气价格格外低廉。President Barack Obama’s Clean Power Plan has not yet kicked in, placed on ice by the Supreme Court. 美国总统贝拉克#8226;奥巴马还没有开始实施他的清洁电力计划(Clean Power Plan),因为最高法院做出裁决,要求暂停执行。Still, Hillary Clinton singled out coal country for government assistance, offering billion over 10 years.此外,希拉里#8226;克林顿(Hillary Clinton)单独将煤炭区列出来,提议在10年里为它们提供300亿美元的政府援助。The stakes are even larger in China. 中国牵涉其中的利益甚至更大。It is the world’s largest consumer of coal — burning as much as every other country combined. 它是世界上最大的燃煤国,煤炭消耗量相当于其他国家的总和。After years adding coal-fired generators at breakneck speed, the government in Beijing finally acknowledged the public health costs and ordered limits on new construction.在多年以非常危险的高速度增加燃煤发电厂之后,北京的政府终于承认这么做的公共卫生代价太大,下令对新建项目进行限制。Yet even as environmentalists welcome the decision as a watershed in the transition out of the world’s most polluting fuel, striking coal miners have taken to the streets, protesting unpaid wages and government plans to cut 1.3 million coal jobs out of a total of nearly 6 million to reduce overcapacity as the country’s growth slows.然而,就在环保人士对此表示欢迎,将它看作摆脱世界上污染最严重的燃料的努力出现转折之时,罢工的煤矿工人却走上了街头,抗议企业拖欠工资,抗议政府计划削减130万个煤炭业工作岗位。当下,中国煤炭业有将近600万个工作岗位。随着中国经济增长放缓,政府需要削减过剩的生产力。There are several reasons to be skeptical about the world’s transition out of coal. 我们有好几个理由对世界摆脱煤炭资源的可能性持怀疑态度。Sure, official data suggest that the world’s production peaked in 2013. 当然,官方数据显示全球产煤量在2013年达到了高峰。China’s coal consumption appears to have declined 3.3 percent last year. 中国去年的煤炭消耗量似乎减少了3.3%。But experts note that despite the new limits, there are still lots of new coal-fired generators being built.不过专家也指出,尽管政府实施了新的限制,但仍有不少新的燃煤发电站在建设之中。To protect jobs and tax revenue from small coal mines, Chinese local governments have been known to fib when Beijing has demanded they stop producing coal. 据悉,为了保住工作机会和来自小煤矿的税收,中国地方政府会在北京要求停止产煤的时候撒谎。They stop reporting production numbers but don’t shut them down.他们不再上报生产数据,但却不会关掉煤矿。Finally, even the most renewable-friendly nations have not figured out how to draw more than a modest share of their power from wind and sun — which can’t be counted on to deliver energy continuously. 最终,就连最持可再生能源的国家也搞不清楚,如何才能将本国风能与太阳能极低的总发电量占比有所提高。At the same time, coal remains the easiest and often cheapest source of base power. 目前还不能指望这两种能源可以实现持续稳定的供应。So from Germany to India, strategies to increase the share of renewable energy in the power mix have relied on a coal base.与此同时,煤炭依然是最容易获得、往往也是最便宜的电力来源。所以不管是在德国还是印度,其增加可再生能源发电比例的策略都要以煤炭电力为基础。The way many jurisdictions are going is to follow the German model, said Mark C. Thurber, associate director for research at Stanford University’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development. 很多国家的发展方向就是采用德国的模式,斯坦福大学能源与可持续发展项目(Stanford University’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development)研究部副主任马克#8226;C#8226;瑟伯(Mark C. Thurber)说。It seems totally nuts, but it follows from the fact that renewables have a lot of support, and other than that, people do what they know, which is coal.这看似完全疯了,但它出自这样一个事实:很多人对可再生能源表示持,但除此之外,人们还是会使用自己了解的东西,那就是煤。India draws 62 percent of its power from coal and is aly the second-largest consumer after China and ahead of the ed States. 印度62%的电力来自煤,它已经是排在中国之后、美国之前的世界第二大燃煤国。Still, coal consumption is growing about 7 percent a year to power the country’s economic catch-up.但印度的燃煤量依然在以每年约7%的比率增长,这样才能为该国在经济上的奋起直追提供动力。There is not much research into backing out coal with something else, Thurber said. 目前没有太多有关用别的能源取代煤炭的研究,瑟伯说。They are just throwing renewables at a coal base. 他们只是在煤炭资源基础上增加可再生能源。While environmentalists welcomed India’s announcement last year that it would increase investment in solar energy, they were less pleased by its plans to triple coal production from 2013 to 2020.尽管环保人士对印度去年宣布的一项举措表示欢迎,即它将增加在太阳能方面的投资,但对于印度提出的在2013年至2020年间将煤炭产量增加两倍的计划,他们就没那么满意了。This means the world’s climate change strategy cannot rely on the quick replacement of the dirtiest fuel around. 这意味着这个世界应对气候变化的策略,不能依靠快速替换目前污染最严重的燃料实现。Increasing investment in technologies like carbon capture and storage may prove indispensable to meet the limits on carbon dioxide emissions needed to prevent a catastrophic warming over coming decades.对于达到在接下来的几十年里阻止灾难性的气候变暖状况发生所需的碳排放限制,增加在碳捕集与存储等技术上的投资,或许会被明是不可或缺的。Even after all this is dealt with and the obstacles are overcome, the human dimension will remain.即便所有这些问题得到解决,障碍被跨越,依然会有人的问题。It will require a lot of attention, and more than a few billion dollars. 它将需要很多关注,不只是投入几十亿美元那么简单。Simply assuming that displaced coal miners will make a smooth transition into jobs in newfangled energy industries, which have a different geographical footprint and require a different skill set, is a cop-out.仅仅想到让被取代的煤矿工人顺利实现转型,在新能源行业里找到工作,那简直就是逃避问题,因为能源分布情况不同,也需要不一样的技能。 /201609/464704The World Bank is warning that global warming will push 100 million more people into poverty across the globe in the next 15 years, in the absence of further action by developed nations to curb rising temperatures.世界警告说,发达国家若不进一步采取行动遏制全球气候升温,今后15年全球贫困人口将增加一亿。In a report released Sunday, the bank called for ;rapid, inclusive and climate smart development, together with emission reductions; aimed at protecting the world#39;s most vulnerable inhabitants.世行在周日公布的一份报告中呼吁要实现“在减排的同时,快速、广泛的和有利气候的发展”,目的是保护世界上最易受到侵害的居民。The report, entitled ;Shockwaves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty,; comes ahead of a global summit on climate change that opens November 30 in Paris.这份题为《大冲击:气候变迁对穷国影响之管理》的报告的发表正值11月30日巴黎召开全球气候峰会的前夕。It also follows last week#39;s ed Nations warning that voluntary carbon emission cutting pledges from industrialized nations go nowhere near far enough to prevent a looming crisis.上个星期,联合国警告说,工业化国家作出的自愿减排承诺还远远不够,无法避免迫在眉睫的危机。Current recommendations call for global measures aimed at limiting temperature rises to 2 degrees Celsius in this century.目前的建议是采取全球性措施,在本世纪把全球温度升幅限制在2摄氏度以内。But Friday#39;s U.N. Environment Program report said existing pledges - if honored - will yield only a third of the reductions needed by 2030 to preserve that long-range target.但是,联合国环境规划署周五公布的一份报告说,如果按照现行承诺加以实施,那么到2030年只能实现届时所应达到减排目标的三分之一。 /201511/409098吉安做眼袋哪里好

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