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时间:2018年10月17日 01:21:11

Finance and economics: The world economy: Our election, your problem财经:世界经济:我们的选举,你们的问题A Trump presidency will be bad for the world economy and worse for places outside America.对于世界经济来说,特朗普总统任期将是有害的;对于美国之外的地方而言,危害就更大了。It is not clear precisely how Donald Trump will govern, the extent to which he will carry out some of his scarier promises on trade and immigration, and who will be his economics top brass at the Treasury and in the White House.唐纳德·特朗普将如何治国理政?他将把他那些有关贸易和移民的更加可怕的承诺贯彻到何种程度?谁将是他在财政部和白宫的经济大员?准确地说,这些还不明朗。But a decent first guess is that President Trump will be bad for the world economy in aggregate; and a second is that his actions are likely to do more harm, in the short term at least, to economies outside America.但是,一种像样的初步猜想是:总体而言,特朗普总统对于世界经济将是有害的;接下来的猜想是:他的举措,至少在短期内,有可能对美国之外的经济体造成更多的伤害。When America has in the past stepped aside from its role at the centre of the global economic system, the damage has sp well beyond its borders.当美国以前让出其在全球经济体系中心的角色时,危害远远超出了它的国界。In 1971, when Richard Nixon ended the post-war system of fixed exchange-rates that had America at its centre, his Treasury secretary, John Connally, told European leaders, “The dollar is our currency, but your problem.”1971年,当理查德·尼克松终结了美国位居其中心的战后固定汇率体系时,他的财政部长约翰·康纳利曾对欧洲领导人说:“美元是我们的货币,却是你们的问题。”This election result, to paraphrase Connally, belongs to America but is potentially a bigger economic problem for everyone else.把康纳利的话引申一下就是,这次的选举结果属于美国,但是,对其他所有人来说,很可能是一个更大的经济问题。The scale and nature of that problem depend on the interplay of the two main elements of Mr Trumps economic populism.这个问题的大小和性质取决于特朗普经济民粹主义的两大主要元素的相互作用。The first is action to boost aggregate demand.首先是提针总需求的举措。Mr Trump favours tax cuts and extra public spending on infrastructure.特朗普倾看中的是减税和额外的基础设施公共开。The second element is trade protectionism.第二个元素是贸易保护主义。He has pledged to slap tariffs on Chinese imports and to renegotiate the North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and Canada.他已经承诺要对中国进口商品加征关税并与墨西哥和加拿大重新就北美自由贸易协定进行谈判。To the extent that he leans more on the first element and less on the second, the immediate damage to Americas economy will be limited.就他较多地依赖第一个元素且较少地依赖第二个元素来说,对于美国经济的直接破坏将是有限的。But even in that event, the net effect of a Trump presidency on economies outside America is still likely to be harmful.但是,即便如此,特朗普总统任期对于美国之外的经济体的净影响依旧可能是极有害的。To understand why, go back to the subject of Connallys gibe: the dollar.要想明白其中的道理,回头看看康纳利风凉话的主角——美元。As it became clear that Mr Trump would win the election, the greenback fell against rich-country currencies, such as the euro, yen, Swiss franc and pound, as investors sought a haven from policy uncertainty in America.就在特朗普会赢得大选变得明朗起来的时候,由于投资者想要寻求一处远离美国政策不确定性的避风港,美元对欧元、日元、瑞士法郎和英镑等富裕国家的货币一度大幅下跌。An index of its value against major currencies dropped by 2% in early trading on November 9th.在11月9日的早盘交易中,美元对主要货币的币值指数下跌了2%。Within hours it had regained almost all the lost ground, as investors pieced together a positive story for the dollar, based on the prospects of a boost to demand in Americas economy and an inflow of capital from abroad.随着投资者基于对美国经济需求提振和资本从海外流入的前景而为美元拼凑出一个正面的故事,它在几个小时内就收复了几乎所有的失地。A deal between Mr Trump and Congress to cut corporate taxes, goes the logic, would spur flush American companies to repatriate retained profits held offshore.这种逻辑认为,特朗普与国会间的给企业减税的协议会刺激大批美国公司遣返离岸持有的留存收益。It would also allow them to increase capital spending in America, because they would have more y cash; and consequent profits would be taxed more lightly.这份协议还会听任这些公司提高在美国的资本开,因为它们会有更多的现款;同时,随之而来的利润会被更轻地征税。 /201612/482503

大家可能都注意到年轻男女有的时候会用特殊的眼光看对方。这也是很自然的。今天我们就来讲几个经常用来表达这个现象的习惯用语。1. give the eye 抛媚眼,送秋波To give就是:给。Eye就是:眼睛。Give the eye从字面上来解释没有什么意思。作为一个习惯用语,give the eye是指男女之间的眼神。要是一个年轻男子give the eye, 那就是说,他对某个女孩子感兴趣。Give the eye也同样可以用在女孩子身上。下面就是一个例子。例句里说话的人的名字就算是Don吧。他是一个大学生。现在他正和他的朋友Willy在校园里的咖啡休息。Don对Willy说:例句-1:Willy, dont look now, but when you get a chance take a look at that girl sitting over there alone. I think shes in my biology class. And, you know something - I think shes trying to give me the eye. Maybe I ought to go over and say hello.Willy, 你现在先别看。等一会有机会,你看一看那边独自坐着的那个女孩子。她好像是我们生物课里的一个同学。你知道吗,我觉得她在对我暗送秋波。也许我该走过去打个招呼。2. give the once-over 非同一般地看某人Once在中文里就是:一次; over有许多解释,例如越过,上面,完了等。 Give the once-over的意思是:非同一般地看一个人。 Give the once-over这个说法实际上是和give the eye的意思是一样的。也就是说,这两个习惯用语可以换着用。我们也来举一个例子。这一次也是Don这个大学生和他的朋友Willy在校园里的咖啡馆,一个挺漂亮的女孩子独自坐在附近的一张桌子上。可这次情况就不一样了。Don已经去和那位女孩子打了招呼,刚刚回来向Willy报告结果,他满脸笑容。他说:例句-2:When I give the once-over, she finally gave me a nice smile so I went over to tell her: ;havent we met someplace before?; She asked me to sit down and we got acquainted and look at this, Willy - she gave me her phone number!当我盯着她看的时候,她终于对我笑了一笑。所以,我走过去对她说:;我们是不是以前在什么地方见过面?;她让我坐下,我们就这样认识了。你看,Willy, 她把她的电话号码都给我了。美国年轻人在想认识一个他喜欢的女孩子的时候往往会说,我们好象以前见过面吧 - 也就是: havent we met someplace before? 他们经常用这句话来问对方,实际上是借了这个话题来认识对方。当然,女孩子对男孩子感兴趣时也可能会这么说。3. size up 估量;符合要求Size这个词本身的意思是:尺寸。例如,一个人的腰围有多大,胸围有多大等。但是,size和up合在一起就成了习惯用语,意思是:当你刚见到一个男孩,或一个姑娘的时候,你对对方是否漂亮所形成的第一个印象。下面我们再接着上面两个例句的情节来举一个例子。现在的Don年纪已经大了一点,而且还结了婚。那一天,他下班后在马路上碰到他的老朋友Willy, 俩人就到酒吧去喝一杯酒,聊聊天。Willy就问Don, 怎么样,结婚了没有啊?Don回答说:例句-3:Oh, yeah, Im settled down all right. I married Barbara about three years ago; as soon as I met her I right away sized her up as the girl I wanted to marry. It took her three more years to agree, but weve been very happy and aly have a daughter with more on the way, Im sure.噢,对,我已经成家了。我大约三年前跟Barbara结了婚。我一见到她,我就觉得她是我理想的妻子。过了三年多,她才同意跟我结婚。我们现在很幸福,已经有了一个女儿,我肯定我们还会有更多的孩子 /163151

关键词:Van Goghs ear for music 音盲,五音不全短语释义:我们来看看图片,一个小男孩在打鼓,小女孩儿指着他,跟另外一个男孩儿说;He has Van Goghs ear for music;,Van gogh 是一个著名的画家。1888年,在法国南部阿尔勒古城,那时还默默无名的梵高对一位爱慕的女孩说:;,我该送件什么样的礼物给你呢?; 女孩拉着他的耳朵开玩笑说:;就要这个;。没想到回到居室后,梵高竟然真的拿水果刀割掉了左耳,并托人把包着耳朵的小手绢送给了那个随即昏厥的天真女孩。我们该感叹梵高情深还是情痴呢?不管怎样,没了耳朵的人当然听不懂外界的声音,包括优美的旋律。久而久之,当人们嘲讽别人五音不全时,就会用上van goghs ear for music.情景领悟:He has van goghs ear for music.他五音不全。可可地盘,英语学习者的乐园Click here gt;gt;gt;http://dipan.kekenet.com/ /201209/201048

关键词:work hand in glove 密切合作短语释义:在每一期节目中,你都能学到一个习惯用语,先解释短语,然后通过例句来领悟,相信很容易记住。美国的成语或俗语和其他语言一样,同生活中的各个方面有关。有一些和食品有关,有的来自扑克牌游戏,还有的和穿着有联系。今天我们要说的习语就和手套有关系。Glove就是手套的意思。Work hand in glove,首先通过work我们能肯定地知道这个短语肯定和工作有关,如何工作呢?或者说这种工作有着怎样的特征呢?Hand in glove,手在手套里面,那么手和手套肯定是密不可分的。To work hard in glove准确的释义是:to do something in close combination with someone or something else,其实就是说“密切合作”,就像手和手套一样,非常密切地合作。情景领悟:1. The secretary and her boss worked hand in glove.秘书和她的老板在工作上配合密切。2.He is found to be hand in glove with the enemy.他被发现跟敌人勾结在一起。本节目属 /201303/229648

Britain英国Transgender School Children: Changing rooms and beyond变性学生:更衣室及其他How schools are adapting to growing numbers of transgender pupils.英国中小学校是如何适应逐渐增多的变性学生的。ST PAULS, a fee-paying girls school in west London, often tops the league tables for exam results.圣保罗学校是一所位于西伦敦的收费的女子学校,凭借着考试成绩常常在名次表里位列前茅。But it is in the news for another reason: the publication of a new “gender-identity student protocol”, which allows pupils older than 16 to wear boys clothes and to be addressed by boys names.但是这所学校登上新闻却另有原因:它公布了一份新的《关于性别认同的学生章程》,其中准许十六岁以上的学生穿着男装并以男生的名字相称。Although the school would not accept a male applicant, it is happy to support existing pupils who wish to change gender, explains Clarissa Farr, the schools head teacher.据学校的校长克拉丽莎·法尔解释,虽然学校不接受男学生的入学申请,却很乐意地持那些想要改变性别的在读学生。Growing numbers of her pupils, she says, no longer see themselves as girls.她继续说道,她的学生中有越来越多的人不再视自己为女生了。Schools are often in the front line of social change.学校通常走在社会变革之前。But rarely has it come so fast.但很少有变革来得这样迅速。The Gender Identity Research and Education Society, a charity, estimates that the number of children who identify as transgender in Britain is doubling each year.性别认同研究与教育协会是一个慈善组织,据其估计,在英国跨性别儿童的数量每年翻一倍。Mermaids, an outfit that supports transgender children, received 3,000 phone calls last year, up from 600 in 2014.美人鱼,一家可以为跨性别的孩子提供帮助的机构,去年接到的电话从2014年的600个增加到3000个。Most children simply identify as another gender, or none; a minority begin medical treatment to alter their bodies.大部分的孩子只是简单地认定自己为另一种性别或者无性别,只有少数人通过医疗手段来改变他们的身体。They often have a tough time at school.他们通常在学校过得很艰苦。译文来源考研英语时事阅读201705/510467


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