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湖州长兴县激光美白肌肤多少钱

2018年10月17日 02:23:35 | 作者:安心时讯 | 来源:新华社
The most important walls in western history arent even in the West.西方历史中最重要的城墙甚至不在西方They surround the modern city of Istanbul, Constantinople as the Romans called it.它们环绕着现代城市伊斯坦布尔,或者像罗马人称呼的,君士坦丁堡And for a thousand years, the fate of Europe depended on them.在一千年内,欧罗巴的命运取决于它Constantinople was designed to be the center of the world.君士坦丁堡被设计为世界的中心When the frontiers of the Roman Empire began to crumble in the 4th Century,当罗马帝国的边境在4世纪趋于崩溃时the capital was moved to the cultured, wealthy, and still stable East.首都迁到了文明、富有且依旧坚固的东方There, at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, the hub of the major trade routes of the ancient world, the Emperor Constantine built his city.在那里,在欧洲与亚洲的十字路口,古代世界主贸易路线的中心,康斯坦丁大帝建立了他的城市。This was the city of libraries and universities, 20 times the size of London or Paris at the time.这座城市布满了大学和图书馆,面积是当时的伦敦或巴黎的20倍大It contained the priceless knowledge of the classical world which was fading in the West.充满了无价的先人智慧,但它们正逐渐被西方世界遗忘。To protect this masterpiece from its many enemies,为了从众多敌人手中保护这个杰作Constantines successors built the finest defensive fortifications ever made.康斯坦丁的继任者们建立了有史以来最好的防御工事The first line of protection was a moat 60 feet wide and 22 feet deep, stretching all four miles from coast to coast.第一道防线是60尺宽22尺深的护城河,从南海岸到北海岸延伸了四公里长Pipes from inside the city could fill it at the first sight of the enemy,连接到城内的管线使得第一眼看到敌人时就可以填满它。and a short wall protected archers who could fire at the soaked soldiers trying to swim across.还有一座矮墙掩护弓箭手,他们可以攻击尝试因渡河而一身湿的敌人。Those who were lucky enough to clear the moat had to contend with an unceasing barrage from the 27 foot outer wall above.那些可以幸运突破护城河的人,还要面临27英尺高的外墙射下来的林弹雨。Arrows, spears, or far worse, Greek fire -- an ancient form of napalm that would ignite on contact箭如雨下:有弓箭、长矛、或是更可怕的希腊火--那是古代版本的汽油弹,它一触即发,and couldnt be extinguished by water -- would rain down on them.而且无法被水扑灭--会流到它们的下面Squads of Roman defenders would carry portable flame throwers, spraying anyone trying to climb out of the moat.罗马的防御者会带着携带式火焰投掷器,喷向所有试着要爬出护城河的人。The terrified victims would leap back, only to find that they still burned underwater.被吓着的敌人可能会跳回河里,却只发现在水里火依旧在燃烧。At times, the Romans would also mount siphons onto the ramparts,有时,罗马人会在堡垒上装置虹吸管and launch clay pots full of Greek fire from catapults at an invading army.或是用投石机对进犯的敌军投出装满希腊火的陶罐。The front lines would turn into an inferno, making it appear as if the earth itself was on fire.前线会成为地狱,像大地自己在着火If, by some miracle, the outer wall was compromised, attackers would be faced with the final defense: the great inner wall.如果出现了什么奇迹,外墙失守,侵略者将会面对终极防御:巨型内墙。These walls were wide enough to have four men ride side by side, allowing troops to be rushed wherever they were needed.这些城墙宽到足以容纳四个人肩并肩行走,这使得部队可以迅速移动到任何紧急的地方。Attilla the Hun, destroyer of civilizations, who named himself the Scourge of God, took one look at them and turned around.文明的破坏者、自称上帝之鞭的阿提拉人,看着这面墙一会儿,然后就掉头走了。The Avars battled the walls uselessly til their catapults ran out of rocks.阿瓦尔人使用投石机打到石头没了,却没有成功。The Turks tried to tunnel under them, but found the foundations too solid.土耳其人想要在下面打地道,却发现地基过于牢固。The Arabs tried to starve the city into submission, but ran out of food themselves and had to resort to cannibalism.阿拉伯人试着要把城内饿到投降,自己却断粮而不得不食人为生It took the guns of the modern world to finally bring them down.现代世界的炮才最终将其摧毁In 1453, the Turks brought their super weapon: a monster cannon that could fire a 15 hundred pound stone ball over a mile.在1453年,土耳其人带来了他们的超级武器:可以点燃一千五百磅重的石块,并射出一英里的巨炮。Together with more than a hundred smaller guns, they kept up a steady bombardment day and night.配上上百座小型炮,他们没日没夜地轰炸。A section of the old walls collapsed, but even in their death throes they proved formidable.一段旧城墙倒塌了,但即使在毁灭中,它们也明了自己的强大The rubble absorbed the shock of the cannonballs better than the solid wall.这些碎石堆比起坚固的墙,更能吸收大炮的冲击。It took a month and a half of continuous blasting to finally open a breach.炸开一个缺口最终花费了持续一个半月的时间The last Roman Emperor, Constantine the 11th, drew his sword and jumped into the gap to stop the onrushing horde, disappearing into legend.最后一位罗马国王,康斯坦丁十一世,提剑跃进壕沟,想要阻止冲来的人群,最终消失于传说之中。The city was taken, and the Roman Empire finally disappeared. But those broken walls had one last gift.城市被占领了,罗马帝国最终灭亡了。但那些破碎的城墙留下了最后的礼物As the survivors fled the doomed city, they brought with them their precious books and their ancient traditions.当幸存者逃离了注定灭亡的城市时,他们带走了他们宝贵的书籍和古老的传统。They traveled west to Italy, reintroduced the Greek language and learning to western Europe, and ignited the Renaissance.他们向西流浪到意大利,将希腊语和学问重新介绍给西欧,并点燃了文艺复兴。Thanks to Constantinoples walls, that pile of brick and marble that guarded them for so long,we still have our classical past.感谢君士坦丁堡的城墙,那些守护他们许久的砖石堆,也让我们仍旧拥有古代人的智慧。201706/513963Anthony Aguirre,安东尼·阿吉雷from the University of California in Santa Cruz,来自加利福尼亚大学圣克鲁兹分校is a theoretical cosmologist.是一名理论宇宙学家So hes used to thinking big.所以他习惯运用宏观思维Now to say that were going to go out现在 我们要走到室外and make a map of the universe,然后绘制一幅宇宙之图it almost sounds crazy.这听起来很疯狂It sounds like real hubris, right?听起来特别狂傲 不是吗;Were going to go and map the universe!;;我们要描绘出一张宇宙之图;And yet the universe, as it turns out,而事实明is really amenable to mapping.宇宙之图的确可能被绘制出来But you have to think big, and clever.但你必须得动脑子 运用宏观思维And thats where the balloons come in.让我们借气球一用Because the map of the universe isnt like other maps.因为宇宙之图不同于其他地图We have to think in a different way,我们得换一种方式思考we cant just go out and我们不能只是走到室外look at the universe and draw things on paper遥望宇宙 在纸上画些图案and say, ;Theres our map of the universe.;然后说 ;这就是我们的宇宙之图;The universe is so big宇宙是如此浩瀚无垠that the laws of physics say we cant see all of it.物理定律决定了我们无法看清它的全貌Its as if were at the centre of a giant balloon,就好比我们站在一个巨型气球的中心and we cant see out.无法看到外面的事物重点解释:1.used to 过去常常例句:Jack used to assist Mary in her lessons.杰克过去常常帮助玛丽学习功课。2.go out 出去例句:The fire has gone out.火已熄灭。3.turn out 结果是例句:The film turned out to be a great success.这部影片结果大获成功。201705/511302栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。201606/431425Im on a raft off the coast of Alaska,keeping watch for a boat to pick me up.我正乘坐自制筏离开阿拉斯加海岸 继续找寻救援的船只Its noticeably colder here.这里很明显 冷多了The current is taking me towards a lot of this ice,these sort of things,水流正把我引往那些多冰水域 就像这种which isnt ideal. I dont want to get messed up in that.But, you know, its not sea ice.这可不好 我可不想被困在冰中间 但那些并不是海水结成的冰Summertime, thats come from maritime glacier.而是夏天时从海洋性冰川滑落下来的Now all I want to be heading on is to stick out in the open, open sea.现在我要做的便是 尽量呆在无冰的水域Other vessels are unlikely to brave these waters,where they risk being hulled by an iceberg.其他船只不可能冒险来这里 在这里很有可能被冰川撞破Theres a better chance of being spotted out in open water.But Im fighting a losing battle.在无冰海面被发现的几率会高很多 但是我们的情况越来越窘迫了Theres more and more ice in the water now.I must be getting close to its source.水里的浮冰越来越多 我应该是正驶向这些冰的来源Ahead of the field, see that glacier?This time of year, theres big chunks of ice just carving off that.看这片海的那头 看到那些冰川了吗 每年的这个时候 大块的冰 会从那里的冰川上滑落I dont like being funneled backwards towards one of them.我可不想又漂回去了Maritime glaciers are dangerous,with carving icebergs that could cause huge waves.海洋性冰川很危险 从冰川上断落的冰块能激起大浪You dont want to hang around here.没人想在这里停留The best option -- to get out to the shipping lanes and find a vessel.最佳的选择是 驶入正常航道 然后找寻船只Theres a boat through the ice to the right.那里有条船正像右边驶去See the top of the mast.Look at the ice to the right.看见船桅的顶端了 往右边那块冰看Theres a fishing trawler about a mile away.那边一英里外有条渔船Too far to see us.We need to make our way to that ice flow,太远了 看不到我们 我们得想办法到那块浮冰那儿去bigger one. Try and make a bit of a signal fire there.And get spotted like that.大的那块 然后试着生一团信号火 这样就能被发现了My plan -- get to the iceberg quickly and signal from there.Its about the biggest one around here.我的计划是 迅速到浮冰上 然后从那里发信号 这大概是附近最大的浮冰了201605/440419

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201610/470000

British Prime Minister David Cameron has announced he will step down as prime minister later this year.英国首相卡梅伦宣布今年晚些时候将卸任首相职务。I will do everything I can as prime minister to steady the ship over the coming weeks and months. But I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to its next destination.在未来的几个月里,我将继续努力稳定英国这艘大船,但我不认为我再适合担任船长,引领国家走向下一个目的地。Cameron made the announcement shortly after the U.K. voted to leave the European Union.英国投票决定离开欧盟后不久,卡梅伦发表了这一声明。The results almost immediately spelled bad news for the prime minister, who campaigned vigorously to remain. Losing his countrys spot in the EU quickly sparked calls for his resignation.对于大力持留欧的首相,脱欧几乎立即招来坏的消息。失去英国在欧盟的位置很快引发让他辞职的呼声。Cameron said he will continue to serve as prime minister for the next three months but will resign in time for the Conservative Partys conference in October.卡梅伦表示,在未来三个月将继续担任首相,但将于十月在保守党大会上辞职。译文属。201606/451067

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201609/463932

The most ambitious map in history史上最宏伟的星图is taking shape before our eyes.将在我们眼前展开And scientists are heading for the edge.科学家正驶向宇宙的尽头It may be the strangest map youll ever see.这可能是你见过的最神奇的星图And its bigger than you can believe.大到超乎想象Its a map of the entire universe.它描绘了整个宇宙Theres this whole pattern to the universe我们准备绘制出were starting to map out.宇宙的完整形态Seeing it really brought home这张星图能让我们the way the universe actually behaved,更加了解宇宙运行的规律in a way that all the numbers and equations never quite could.这是任何数字和方程都无法做到的Cosmologists are making sense of startling discoveries.宇宙学家正在解读这些惊人的发现Medieval maps would say, ;Here be monsters.;中世纪地图将未知地域看作怪物出没地带They werent entirely wrong.他们不完全是错的Theyre even building pictures宇宙学家甚至准备绘制出of the invisible.肉眼无法观测到的部分重点解释:1.map out 详细制定; 筹划例句:We spent weeks mapping out our holiday.我们花了好几个星期筹划如何度假。2.make sense of 了解 ... 的意义例句:Can you make sense of what I say?你能领会我说的意思吗?3.in a way 在某种程度上例句:In a way good service sells our products.良好的售后务在某种程度上促进了我们产品的销路。201705/510140

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