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时间:2019年02月18日 15:54:03

Todd: So, Alexandra, youre going to be a lawyer.托德:那么,亚历山德拉,你要成为律师了。Alex: Yes, I am.亚历山德拉:是的。Todd: Now laywers, unfortunately, often have a bad reputation. Why dont you talk about how lawyers are good for society: Why we need lawyers?托德:现在很不幸地,律师通常都名声不好。你为什么不谈谈律师对社会的好处:为什么我们需要律师呢?Alex: Well, first we need lawyers because most of the time a lawyer will try to settle disputes between parties before it gets to a courtroom. Usually you have one side that has a problem and the other side is also aurgueing another point. So usually a lawyer will try to bring the two sides into their offices and to mediate a dispute before it gets to a courtroom. Another way a lawyer can help a society is usually lawyers can be very expensive, but there are programs out there that help people with less money, not necessarily to get free advice, but they can do it on a sliding scale, or a lawyer can do pro bono work which is free, and can help someone just, sometimes all they need is a letter written to resolve a problem or they just need somebody to go with them to court to explain what is going on, or just explain a lease or some other document for them that doesnt take much time and makes the client feel a lot better and a lot of times lawyers will take up the cause of children. If there is a custody dispute or some sort of bad thing thats happening to a child that needs a visit to a courtroom, the lawyer is there to be the lawyer for the child and no one else can influence the decisions that can be made for the child. Its almost like a protection and many other communitites or other sections of society that dont have a voice can get a voice through a lawyer.亚历山德拉:嗯,首先我们需要律师的理由是,律师大部分时间都在处理各方之间的争议,以避免他们闹上法庭。通常一方指出了问题,而另一方则持有另一种观点。所以基本上,律师会试图把双方带到办公室,调解这个争议,从而避免闹上法庭。律师可以帮助社会的另一点是,通常来说请律师都很昂贵,可是现在有一种程序,可以帮助穷人,未必是得到免费建议,而是根据浮动比例收费,又或者律师可以做无偿的工作,维护公平,有时候人们只需要一封解决问题的信件,或是他们需要有人陪他们去法庭解释事情的来龙去脉,或是解释租赁文件或是其他文件,这样不会占用太多时间,会使客户感觉更舒,而且律师会花费大量时间在儿童事业上。如果有监护权纠纷,或是其他不好的事情发生在儿童身上,这时就需要上法庭解决,律师会代表儿童,而其他任何人都不能影响儿童的决定。这就像一种保护,许多其他的社会组织和社会部门都不能像律师这样发声。Todd: OK, great and what kind of lawyer are you going to be?托德:好的,很好,你想成为哪种律师?Alex: An aviation lawyer.亚历山德拉:航空业律师。 /201309/255905

上次我们学了两个由hour这个词组成的习惯用语,the eleventh hour解释;最后时刻,; zero hour意思是;关键时刻。; 今天我们再讲两个也是从hour发展而来的习惯用语,但和上次不同的是今天学的都表示欢快如意的时光。第一个是,happy hour。 Happy hour从字面上看意思显然是快乐时光。习惯用语happy hour起源于四十多年纽约的一家酒吧。一天店主在玻璃橱窗上贴了一张广告说,这家酒吧把每天下午五点到六点定为happy hour。在这段时间,半价出售饮料。这一小时正是人们离开办公室在回家路上的时候。这张happy hour广告立即吸引了街上熙来攘往的人群。这家酒吧马上生意兴隆,而其它酒吧和饭店看了也争相仿效,不久之后happy hour这股风吹到别的城市甚至其它国家,有的地方还把happy hour从五点延长到七点,长达两小时。总之happy hour是指饮食店为了吸引顾客而提供减价饮料的时段。我们来听个例子:例句-1:The food in that new Italian restaurant across the street is pretty good, but business is slow. So theyve started a happy hour in the hope people will stay on and order dinner.他说:街对面的那家意大利餐馆饭菜味道不错,但是生意不好。所以他们开始用幸运时刻的办法招徕顾客,并希望那些顾客会继续留下来吃晚饭。这里的happy hour特指饮食店为了招徕顾客而减价供应饮料的时间。******顾客在工作之余的happy hour喝喝饮料,跟知己聊聊,有多舒心。有些店在happy hour甚至还为喝饮料的顾客免费提供点心。这一来顾客就更是皆大欢喜了。这就是下面例子里说到的事情。例句-2:Lets go to that bar on the corner for happy hour after work. One beer is always enough for me, but I love those little spicy meat balls and other snacks they put on the table free.他说:我们下班后在幸运时刻去拐角上那家酒吧喝一杯吧。我总是喝一杯啤酒就够了,但是放在桌上的那些免费供应的香喷喷的小肉丸子和其它点心我可真爱吃。这里的happy hour又是指饮食店减价供应饮食的时间,一般是下午五点到六点。******我们再学个由hour发展来的习惯用语: bankers hours。 Banker是家。三十来年前开门营业的时间特别短,从早上十点到下午两、三点就结束了。这样看来家的上班时间每天只四、五个小时,可真让不少人眼红,于是人们就开始流行用bankers hours这个说法来指特别安逸舒适的工作了。我们来听个例子,说话的人正在叫醒他的弟弟,因为今天是弟弟去一家加油站上任的第一天。这也是他有生以来的第一份工作。例句-3:Joe, come on and get out of bed! You wont be working bankers hours, you know - youve got to be there bright and early at seven am y to pump gas for the customers.他说:Joe, 快快起床! 要知道你干的活儿可没那么轻松自在。每天一早七点你就得精神饱满地在那儿给顾客加油了。这里的bankers hours是指上班时间短、工作轻松的职业。******家要是有机会就一定会为自己辩解。他们会告诉你实际上他们的上班时间丝毫不比一般人短,因为他们得在开门营业前就早早地来作业务准备,而在关门后,他们还得待在里面结完账再把一切都锁上才能回家。而今天的为了在同行间激烈的竞争中求生存,也不得不延长每天的营业时间,甚至一周开门六天、七天,以方便顾客。但是bankers hours这个说法如今却仍然流行。我们再听个例子。说话的人是在国会内代表他们州的那位议员。例句-4:Im sure most congressmen work as hard as I do. But this guy likes to keep bankers hours: he gets there at noon, eats lunch, sees a few people, and goes home at four or five PM.他说:我确信大多数议员都像我一样努力工作,但是代表我们州的那家伙却爱上班。他中午才到办公室,来了马上吃午饭,跟几个人会会面,然后四、五点钟就回家了。这里的bankers hours还是指既短又舒的上班时间。 /201404/289820


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