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2019年02月19日 02:21:44 | 作者:排名媒体 | 来源:新华社

Business商业报道Paying chief executives高管薪酬Fortune favours the boss好运垂青老板Big, controversial golden goodbyes to bosses are probably here to stay老板们巨额而有争议的黄金告别可能会被留下来IS THE new boss of Time Warner Cable about to become one of the luckiest-ever winners of the great chief-executive pay lottery?时代华纳有线电视公司的新老板会成为伟大的首席执行官中最幸运的赢家之一吗?Robert Marcus is set to take over as boss on January 1st.罗伯特·马库斯将于1月1日接任老板。If rumours are to be believed, that will be just in time for the cable firm to be bought by one of a host of rivals that are now circling it.如果传言是可信的,那恰好有线电视公司被环绕的竞争对手中的一位收购。A change-of-control clause in his contract means he could go straight back out of the door with a golden goodbye of over m.合同中的变更条款意味着他可以拥有超过5,600万元的黄金告别走出大门。The biggest loser, in contrast, may be Philippe Varin, who will step down as boss of PSA Peugeot Citron, a struggling French carmaker.相反,最大的输家可能是菲利普·瓦兰,他从一个苦苦挣扎的法国汽车制造商PSA标致雪铁龙老板的位置上下来。On November 27th, he issued a statement saying he would give up a pension provision valued at 21m.11月27日,他发表声明说,他将放弃价值2100万的养老金保障。The board will decide his future pension arrangements before he retires, probably with an eye on public opinion.董事会将在他退休前安排他未来的养老金,可能会顾及舆论的反应。He follows in the footsteps of Fred Goodwin, who presided over the collapse of Royal Bank of Scotland.他步了弗雷德·古德温的后尘,其导致了苏格兰皇家的崩溃。In , again after a public outcry, the man known as Fred the Shred, because of his fondness for firing people, agreed to reduce his pension by 212,500 a year to a paltry 342,500.在年舆论再次哗然,那个喜欢裁人的被称为弗雷德的同意将他的退休金的减少额从212500英镑一年增加到区区342500英镑。It is rare for public disapproval of generous golden goodbyes to have so much impact.公众很少认为这些慷慨的黄金告别有这么大的影响。Even the introduction of say on pay votes in countries such as America and Britain seems only to have curbed the most egregious excesses.甚至在一些引进了薪酬话语权投票的国家如美国和英国似乎只能抑制最令人震惊的过激行为。Ira Kay of Pay Governance, a consultant, says that in America, most company boards facing such votes have managed to win them by dropping overgenerous perks like the automatic vesting of the bosss share options even when he has kept his job following a takeover.薪酬管理顾问艾拉凯指出,在美国,面临着这样投票的公司的董事会已经设法通过清理过于慷慨的激励措施,如老板股票期权的自动归属权,甚至在被收购后还继续他的工作。The once-widesp practice of paying a bosss taxes on his post-takeover payout, a nice little earner known as the excise tax gross-up, has also ended, costing some chief executives millions of dollars, says Mr Kay.凯先生说,在老板的税收上过往的做法是在他退休后出,一个很好的被称为包税的赚钱者也结束了,花掉了首席执行官们数百万美金。Bosses can no longer trigger big severance payouts by self-termination—quitting or retiring—adds Doug Friske of Towers Watson, another pay consultant.另一家薪酬顾问公司韬睿惠悦的道格Friske说,老板们以后不能靠通过自行终止-辞职或退休增加巨额的退休金。Topping up the pension fund for a boss who leaves earlier than expected is now frowned on too.为提前退休的老板补足养老基金现在也行不通了。Say on pay has also forced boards to get better at costing perks that once were wrongly regarded as practically free.薪酬话语权也迫使董事会在之前被认为是随意额外津贴上做的更好。Yet the golden parachute is a chronic problem that I dont see changing anytime soon, says Donald Hambrick, a management professor at Pennsylvania State University.然而,金降落伞是一个老大难问题,我没看到最近会有什么变化,宾夕法尼亚州立大学管理学教授唐纳德·汉姆布瑞克说。The procession of bosses exiting with fabulous pay-offs continues.老板们难以置信的离职金仍在继续进行。Pay consultants brought in by firms seeking a new boss often get blamed for regarding the most generous existing package in the market as the baseline for negotiations.薪酬顾问为企业寻求新的老板常常会因为以市场最多的离职金为基准进行谈判而被责怪。But there is also a small cottage industry of elite lawyers who are used by any candidate to be boss, and who have mastered every trick in the book, Mr Hambrick says.汉姆布瑞克先生说,也有一些曾是老板候选人的小企业中的精英律师,他们懂得书中的所有技巧。By the time the public is frothing at the mouth about some fired corporate failure walking off with a fortune, it is usually too late to do anything about it.这时公众议论的是解雇失败损失的钱,而这通常是来不及做任何事情补救。Everything is negotiated up front; that is the time to be outraged, he advises.他建议一切都协商都进行在前面,这是被激怒的时候。Once a boss has failed and pulled the cord on his golden parachute, boards typically conclude that it is best just to pay up quietly.一旦老板已经失败并且拉着他的黄金降落伞的绳子,董事会一般认为最好是默默的把钱付了。Even though recent legal changes have made it easier, even in America, to claw back some of the money paid to failed bosses, in practice firms will only try to do that if there is cast-iron evidence of fault, such as a financial misstatement.即使在美国,尽管最近的法律变化使得更容易夺回部分付给失败老板的钱,在实践中如果据确凿公司将尝试这样做,如财务失实。None of this should come as a surprise to anyone familiar with the myopic ways boards tend to work in practice.董事会在实践中的目光短浅对所有的人来说这一切都不应该是一件惊讶的事。The moment when a company is paying off a failure is also the moment it is trying to attract the best possible candidate to sort out the mess.当一个公司为失败付钱的那一刻也是它正试图吸引尽可能最好的人选来收拾烂摊子。Contesting the last bosss deal could easily scare off the ideal new one.争辩最后老板的这笔交易很容易吓跑新的理想人选。The CEO wheel of fortune keeps on turning.CEO的命运之轮仍在不断向前。 /201312/270624

Imagine getting on a train at twelve noon and heading out on a four-hour trip to another town.设想一下:您正乘坐一辆中午12点整出发的火车前往另外一个城市,路途耗费4个小时。Youd expect to arrive at four oclock in the afternoon, right? But before the last few decades of the 19th century, there was no guarantee that this would happen, and it usually had little to do with slow trains or drunken conductors.你肯定期望在下午四点能够准时到达,对吧? 但是,在19世纪末之前,保障准确的抵达时间是基本不可能的,并且这与晚点或醉酒的列车长几乎毫无关系。Until the end of the 19th century virtually every town across the world kept time according to its own methods, creating problems for industries such as railroads that relied on precise timing to deliver goods.实际上,直到19世纪末为止, 几乎世界上每个城市都有自己记录时间的方式,这就给需要精确定时发送货物的行业,如铁路运输业等带来无尽的麻烦。To bring order to this chaos, a conference was held in Washington, D.C. in 1884. Delegates from around the world designated Greenwich, England as the starting point from which to create international time zones.为了让混乱的时间变得有序,各国代表于1884年在华盛顿特区召开了一次会议。代表们指定英国格林威治作为创建国际时区的起点。But why was this small, London suburb chosen to create what became known as Greenwich Standard Time?为什么这个伦敦郊区小镇会被选定并创建格林威治标准时间呢?Over 100 years before the Washington conference, King George II of England designated Greenwich as zero degrees longitude in order to help stabilize the shipping trade. If you look at a globe of the earth youll see that the vertical line marked ‘zero that runs from the North to the South Pole- zero degrees longitude–runs directly through Greenwich.在华盛顿会议100多年以前,英国国王乔治二世为了稳定航运业,曾将格林威治标为0度经线所在地。如果你看一下地球仪,你可以看到联通南北极的零度经线正好穿过格林威治。By the time of the Washington conference many shippers aly used the longitude system to keep time when traveling by sea. It was only natural for most countries to adopt this system as the basis for creating standard time for the entire planet.在华盛顿会议召开之时,需要船公司在海运过程中已经使用经度系统来掌控时间。大多数国家自然就容易接受使用这一系统作为确认全球标准时间的基础。Based on longitude increments of fifteen degrees, time becomes one hour earlier each longitude west of Greenwich, and one hour later each longitude east of Greenwich. In other words, when its twelve noon at zero degrees longitude, its one oclock at fifteen longitude east.以每增加经度15度为基准,格林威治每往西一个时区时间便减少一个小时,而每往东一个时区则增加一个小时。换句话说,当零度经线处是中午十二点时,东经15度处便是下午1点。 /201306/242436

So now there are rumors and this is done,right?我听说 暮光之城破晓 已经拍完了 哈They keep saying that theres now gonna be more of at least another one.他们说还会有更多的续集出现 或者另外一集But thats not true,is that true?但这只是谣言 真的吗Its amazing,when theyre all talking about another one before this one not even come out.大奇怪了 现在这部还没拍出来呢 他们就在说另一部了Im not finish yet. right,yeah.And there is no more book.我还没拍完这个呐 亲 是啊 而且作者也不再写续集了Right,but you could kind of make up something after that,不过在 破晓 之后你可以再编点什么it doesnt have to be a book if it makes money and people love you不一定非得有小说原著 如果电影续集能大卖 大家有喜欢你们why wouldnt you make another one?Would you make another one?为什么不在拍一部呢 你们会拍下一部吗If there was an alien invasion and stuff.I was sort of thinking one day that they kind of...they sort of mixed up with the avengers or maybe just make it like twilight slash avengers.如果续集有外来物种入侵什么的 我想也许可以这么拍 某天 外来物种入侵 他们与复仇联盟的英雄们混在一起 或者电影就叫 暮光之城与复仇者联盟Thats actually a good idea.这可是个好点子I was also thinking another way of doing it is that make it look like Will grace,where Edward turns gay.我还想了另一个版本 就跟will grace差不多 不过eward 变弯了But they still stay together.And they raise the kid and everything.但是他们还是在一起了 他们共同抚养孩子 一起做所有的事情So you got some ideas,ha?Im writing some of these stuff down.你已经有点想法了 哈 我要把这点子记下来Maybe just combine that alien invasion.也许可以和外来物种入侵那段结合起来Thats right.Get my agent on the phone.太对了 快给我的经纪人打电话注:EllenShow中英字幕来源于:艾伦秀字幕组 /201311/264075

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