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【听力原文】First thing people should know is that the two expert agencies, the World Health Organization and CDC - Centers for Disease Control, have reviewed the environment, and neither have recommended any restrictions whatsoever on travel. The air in a cabin of an airplane is better, more proved, because of hospital-grade HEPA filters and side by side circulation, that it is in the vast majority of public buildings in the ed States to include schools and offices. So don't be concerned by getting on an airplane. We have hands sanitizers, and soap in the lavatories on all of our planes, and we encourage people, as others do, to wash their hands frequently that cover their mouth when they cough, and take just normal everyday common sense protections and provisions that your mom would tell you when you were going to school. The real key here I think is for all citizens to understand that if you feel not well, stay home, whether it's school, whether it's workplace, whether it's travel, just stay home. Self policing can do more to prevent the sp of this disease than almost anything. 11/88500Dow's 2nd best day ever The Dow rallied as much as 906 points during Tuesday's session, as investors dove back into stocksA lot of Americans are a lot richer today as Shawn Shore admits at a late afternoon rally on Wall Street. Let’s head over to New York and CNN senior business correspondent Ali VelshiAli you and I’ve talked about this in the past week. We are really doubt obsess these days but today it was a good thing to be obsessed. Well, yeah, I mean, the thing is it’s not a particular underlining reason to this. If I would take all the economy news we had today, Nicole, I’m trying to make sense of it, I wouldn’t have a the second biggest point gain we’ve ever seen in the Dow and one of the biggest percentage gains we’ve seen too. That’s just not where the evidence lies. What this tells you is that this market is in a trading range. There are people, professional investors who maybe manage your, you know the mutual funds as you’re holding your 41K who think the stocks are good buy right now. They are just to bargain. Despite everything else is going on, there are other people who just want to get out of this market and there are the ones who are selling the stocks. If you look at how a market recovers after a major downturn like we’ve seen. If we are in a recovery mode, it is long and it is rocky. And that’s what you’re seeing. You’re seeing one of these big gains today. You’re just like you see sellout what remind you the fact cut rate tomorrow; there are meeting right now, we are likely to see a ing of GDP which’s just the broadest measure of our economy on Thursday; there comes a negative for the first time this year, so it’s not a great news story. It just happens we people seeing an opportunity to buy stocks because they’re on sale.But there are other indicators as well. Some of the smaller indexes all show up, the dollar’s up as well. How do you feel about all that? Put it all together. Oil prices are down. That always helps some. We’ve got oil prices as close as to 60 dollars and now in . When these things are all part and partial of what we see as a slowing economy. Oil prices are down because we see a weak economy. So here’s how it usually works. The market starts to recover, sort of earlier on in a recessionary cycle, but we still could see home prices going down. We’re still unlikely to see jobs are being lost. It’s one little piece of good news around and that is home prices. We’ve seed new and existing home prices obviously dropping. Existing homes are down about 9 per cent compared to last year. But you know what, because mortgage prices are still low we’ve actually seen people starting to get into that market. People are starting to buy because they can still get a mortgage at a low rate, Nicole so that’s …you that’s where we are..Those figures don’t account for the bailout; those housing figures are kind of earlier on. This was before the bailoutUh, there are, yeah, there are figures for last month. That’s right. But you see the average person who’s looking to buy a home because they have a price in mind as to what they can afford. Maybe they’ve got good credit and access to a mortgage. The bailout doesn’t really, you know, maybe didn’t motivate them one way or the other. This is people actually doing things that matter to them and that is buying out because they think it’s affordable and they can get a mortgage. In the end, our economy is not about sciences; it’s about how people feel about it. If somebody thinks it’s a good time to get involve in buying a house and then get a loan. That’s what you need Consumer confidence’s down though Worst we’ve ever seen (so that’s not..)…reeling for consumer confidence is the worst since they started reporting it in 1997 which is exactly right back-forth circle to the beginning of this conversation. If I were just ing the data, we wouldn’t have thought we would’ve had a two- point gain on the Dow. Never like you know, a 800-point gain. So that’s part of the issue. Consumers confidence tells you how people are gonna spend their money over the course of the next several months. But remember home prices became unaffordable for people in America and one the thing is happening is home prices are coming down and people are thinking they can afford a home. (So) So that’s a solver lighting on a very dragon cloud.Take a lot of sole with all of these. Don’t look at today as being the only indicator (correct, tha’t exactly right) Do we have to step back and look at we have a lot of indicators the month, today we have the year today we have 52 weeks today. (right) Those are all down and then down and the more down if you look at itRight right. That’s exactly right. Here what we are looking at is the fact that if our week at a point in this economy where things are low enough that people start to gain confidence. It’s take, it’s like a neighborhood. Our price is low enough that companies and businesses are coming in and build it up and then all of a sudden, you get stadiums and it becomes a nice place to live. That are we there in the economy? Some people say it’s too early to tell; others are just saying I wanna get in early because I see there’s a light at the end of the tunnel. But this is all of our behavior together. Fundamentally we are still negative about where the things are going and we are heading to the most important season of the year for retailers and for shopping. .Not very hopeful So by no means are we out of the worst and / a big gain like this in the Dow lead you to believe that we are. Yeah the Dow in quite convenient as big ball a big number there (right) but look at a lot of other staff. As we diversify our money we should also diversify indicators as you look at itAbsolutely rightThanks so much AliAll right, Nicole.200810/54533America: Living Beyond Our Means Many homeowners knew they could not afford their houses.Now for the past decades, more Americans are/ never became homeowners for the first time. Many of them now find out couldn’t handle their responsibility of maintaining those homes and it turns out they may have known that going in as well. Investment // Warren Buffet offered this theory about how millions of Americans got in over their heads.Most people have/has fired their own home and I know somebody makes it very eased for you to do it by saying you don’t really have to put up any money or you know, we will give you 100 percent mortgage, you are gonna do it.Um, everybody looks for their American dream and they do their best to try to get back that dream and I know, for us, we thought we were gonna be ok.Today, Carrie and Mary Jamberb are far from ok. They are facing foreclosure on their dream home in New Jersey. Did you feel that you were getting in over your head? They can’t grab you hand and force you to sign in blind. (No, I don’t think it’s our fault.) If they really want to give you a mortgage, you’ll find someone to give you a mortgage.So just who is to blame for this on-going economic crisis, Walt Street or Main Street?I don’t feel it’s necessary to try to bail, to have to bail them out. They should be taken care of us, the people that they want. (Not everyone agree.) I love my home to foreclosure. I didn’t go to the government and go “Hey, listen. I am losing my home. I think you guys should bill me up. (L took out a loan foe a home she couldn’t afford and she knew it.) There was a little voice, little // voice going “don’t do this”. They value that money to high for value. I went ahead and did it anyway.Like many victims of the mortgage crisis, L do/does agree on one important point. (And have you told you son that there’s a chance that he may not be living in the place he’s been living in half his life.) I made a promise to my kids and they right now have a place to live in. But, how much longer? I want to be, get our ourselves back on our feet. We won’t be in this, uh, this situation or predigment ever again.Nearly 400,000 Americans facing foreclosure will give lifeline after countrywide financial reached an 8 billion-dollar settlement with 11 states to help those home owners to rework their mortgages. You know, there are so many more suffering. So, interesting when she said that Jimmies // a voice in my head said “don’t do it, don’t’ do it.”…200810/53415

This was not the radical reforming budget it had been billed as. But its heart was in the right place 虽不如它所标榜的“激进的、革新的预算”,但其动机还是积极的。“THIS is not a tax-raising budget. But nor can we afford a giveaway.” Thus George Osborne, the chancellor of the exchequer, drew the narrow parameters of his second budget on March 23rd. The broad sweep of the coalition government’s fiscal policy was set in Mr Osborne’s emergency budget last June, and in October’s four-year public-spending review. His task then was to fashion a deficit-reduction plan of tax increases and spending cuts to reassure bond markets of Britain’s creditworthiness. This time the chancellor was restricted to finding small pockets of extra revenue to finance modest but eye-catching tax breaks or subsidies.“这不是一个增税的计划,但我们也负担不起减税了。”在3月23日,现任英国财政大臣乔治奥斯本,提出了他的第二套财政紧缩预算。早在去年六月奥斯本的紧急减赤预案中,已经全面地回顾了联合政府的财政政策,并于十月核查了四年公共出。奥斯本的任务是旨在减少赤字的加税和减少公共开,以保英国在债券市场的信用。这次财政大臣能做的事情有限,只能计划收入小笔预算外融资,但适度、却醒目地提出减税优惠或补贴。At least he did not come back for more money from taxpayers and spending departments. Nine months in, the plan to eliminate the structural deficit during this parliament is broadly on track. Public-sector net borrowing will be 146 billion (7 billion) or 9.9% of GDP this financial year, a few billion less than the Treasury estimated in June. The deficit in 2011-12 and beyond will be a shade higher as a share of GDP than on previous forecasts, but not much. 至少他没有向纳税人和消费部门要更多的钱。在今后九个月中,本届国会将全面出击致力于消除结构性赤字。在这一财务年,政府公共净举债1460亿英镑(毛2370亿英镑)GDP增长达9.9%,比财政部6月预计略低。在2011-2012年度及以后,GDP中赤字占比将高于先前预测,但相去不远。This higher path reflects a slower pace of economic recovery rather than any let-up in the chancellor’s zeal for fiscal austerity. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR), the fiscal watchdog set up by Mr Osborne last year, has revised its forecast for this year’s GDP growth to 1.7% from 2.1% (the forecast for 2012 was nudged down to 2.5%). That change reflects the momentum lost in the 0.6% fall in GDP in the final quarter of 2010. The OBR reckons some of the drop in output will have been recovered during a sprightly first quarter in 2011 (it forecasts a 0.8% increase), though it has not revised up GDP growth in subsequent quarters. The OBR judges that the chancellor will meet his self-imposed fiscal targets. 这根赤字增加的扬线反映了经济复苏步伐放缓,但并不能说明财政大臣热衷于财政紧缩政策。奥斯本去年组建的预算责任办公室(OBR)履行着财政监督职责,其将今年的GDP增长从之前预测的2.1%,修订至1.7%(2012年预测微幅下调至2.5%)。这一变化反映了在2010年第4季度因增长乏力而使GDP降低0.6%。 OBR预测在11年第1季度将出现小幅攀升,预计为0.8%,但它并没有调整GDP在后几季度增长预期。OBR判断财政大臣将达成他制定的每一个财政年度目标。With the big-picture stuff in place, Mr Osborne could administer a few small balms to the economy’s sorest spots. The costliest measure—and the one designed to capture the headlines—was the suspension of planned real-term increases in fuel duties for the life of the current parliament, together with an immediate one-penny per litre cut. That change will cost the Treasury 1.9 billion in 2011-12, but will be more than paid for by an increased levy on North Sea oil producers, to capture the windfall gains from high crude prices. Mr Osborne justified this transfer from producers to consumers by noting that other oil-producing countries have tax systems that squeeze profits harder when oil prices are high. He said a sustained fall in the oil price below, say, a barrel would prompt a reversal in the balance of taxation towards consumers. 正如图表显示,奥斯本的政策对英国经济阵痛点有些小疗效。其中最昂贵的一个举措、如同不少新闻头条报道的,他暂停了现有国会通过一项长期增加燃油税的决议,使汽油价格立竿见影地每公升跌了一便士。这项决定在2011-12年度将使英国财政额外出19亿英镑,但向北欧石油生产商调高的增税预期会取得更多收益。奥斯本给生产商的理由是,其他石油生产国的税收制度,可以在原油涨价时调低利润值来保油价,会从把利润从生产者向消费者转移。他说在下一个季度油价格将持续下跌,每桶75美元的原油价格将会进一步拉低单位油价,马上会使生产商和消费者之间的税收产生一个平衡。201104/132564

Obama's four-step rehab President Obama announced a plan on Wednesday to help homeowners find relief and reduce the number of foreclosures .So here's on my planned works.First, we will make it possible for an estimated 4 to 5 million currently ineligible homeowners who received their mortgages through Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac to refinance their mortgages at lower rate.The second thing we are gonna do under this plan is we will create new incentives, so that lenders work with borrowers to modify the terms of sub-prime loans at risk of default and foreclosure.There's a third part of the plan, we will take major steps to keep mortgage rates low for millions of middle-class families looking to secure new mortgages.Fourth, we will pursue a wide range of reforms designed to help families stay in their homes and avoid foreclosures, and my administration will continue to support reforming our bred... bankruptcy rules, so that we allow judges to reduce home mortgages on primary residences to their fair market value as long as borrowers pay their debts under court ordered plans.GLOSSARY1. ineligible adj.不合格的 2. Fannie Mae 范尼梅(美国俚语,指“联邦全国抵押协会FNMA”) 3. Freddie Mac 美国联邦住房贷款有限公司 4. refinance vt.再为...筹钱, 再供...资金 5. sub-prime loans 次级贷款 6. default n.拖欠 不履行 7. foreclosure n.丧失抵押品赎回权, 排斥 8. mortgage rates 抵押贷款率 9. a wide range of adj.各种各样的,大片的 10. bankruptcy rules 破产法 11. primary residences 主要住宅 A person's primary residence is the dwelling where they usually live, typically a house or an apartment. 03/63674US Lawmaker Vows Probe of Bush Administration Detainee Interrogation Policy民主党议员坚持调查布什审讯政策 The chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee says his panel will investigate Bush administration detainee interrogation policies if congressional support is lacking for an independent inquiry into the matter. Democratic Senator Patrick Leahy's comments came in reaction to a Senate report released Wednesday that concludes that military and intelligence officials under the Bush administration were being trained in the use harsh interrogation techniques months before they were legally authorized to use them. 美国参议院司法委员会主席、民主党参议员莱希说,如果国会不持对布什政府时期审讯政策进行独立调查,司法委员会将进行调查。莱希是在参议院一个委员会星期三披露相关审讯政策的报告后发表上述的。报告说,布什政府的军事和情报官员在得到法律授权使用这些严厉的审讯政策之前,就已经开始接受相关的培训。The report by the Senate Armed Services Committee finds that intelligence and military officials began preparing to conduct extreme interrogation techniques on al-Qaida and Taliban detainees in early 2002, months before the Justice Department approved the use of such practices. 参议院军事委员会的报告指出,情报和军方官员早在2002年初,也就是在得到司法部批准前几个月,就开始准备对基地组织和塔利班在押人员使用极端的审讯技术。The report was completed last November but has been under Pentagon review for declassification. 报告是去年11月完成的,但是一直被五角大楼审议,以确定是否对外公布。Critics say many of the harsh interrogation practices, including water-boarding or simulated drowning, amount to torture. 批评人士指出,许多严厉的审讯手段,包括被称为“水刑”的模拟溺毙等等同于酷刑。Committee chairman Carl Levin, a Michigan Democrat, says the report shows that senior civilian officials sought out information on, were aware of training in, and authorized the use of abusive interrogation techniques. He says those officials bear significant responsibility for creating the legal and operational framework for the abuses of detainees.  军事委员会主席、来自密西根州的民主党议员莱文说,报告显示,布什政府高级文职官员曾被咨询过相关意见,也了解这项培训,并授权使用虐待性审讯技术。他说,这些官员应当为建立这种虐待在押人员的法律以及操作框架承担重大责任。At the Pentagon, spokesman Bryan Whitman says Defense Department inquiries offer a different conclusion. 五角大楼发言人惠特曼说,国防部的调查得出不同的结论。"In those internal investigations, we have not found any policies of the department that ever permitted or condoned abusive treatment of detainees," said Bryan Whitman. "Our policy has been one of treating detainees humanely." “在内部调查中,我们没有发现国防部有任何政策允许或是宽恕虐待在押人员。我们的政策一直是要人道对待在押人员。”Whitman says his department takes any allegation of abuse seriously. 惠特曼说,国防部对任何有关虐待的指称都会严格查处。"All credible allegations of abuse have been thoroughly investigated and individuals found to be acting outside of our proscribed policies, they have been held accountable for their actions," he said. “所有可信的有关虐待的指称都会被彻底调查,不按公布的政策行事的个人也被查处,那些人为他们的行为承担责任。”But critics argue that lower-level officials were held responsible for policies crafted by senior Bush administration officials, whom they say should also be held accountable. 但是,批评人士指出,低层官员在为布什政府高层官员制定的政策承担罪责。他们说,这些高官也应该承担责任。Senator Patrick Leahy, a Vermont Democrat and chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, reiterated his call for a nonpartisan commission to look into the use of extreme interrogation techniques. Leahy says if there is not enough congressional support for such a panel, he will hold his own hearings. 参议院司法委员会主席、来自佛蒙特州的参议员莱希重申了他的呼吁。他建议成立两党联合调查委员会对使用极端审讯技术展开调查。莱希说,如果成立这样一个小组在国会得不到足够的持,他自己会安排听。"Sometimes the best way to move forward is to find out the truth, find out what happened, and we do that to make sure it never happens again," said Senator Leahy. 他说:“有时候,前进的最好办法就是找到真相,找出到底发生了什么,然后我们将采取行动,确保同样的事永远不会再发生。”President Barack Obama Tuesday opened the door for potential prosecution of those who drafted the legal decisions that allowed for the harsh interrogations. 奥巴马总统星期二为可能起诉那些制定法律决定,允许进行严厉审讯技术的官员打开了方便之门。Republicans strongly oppose the idea. Senator John Ensign is a Nevada Republican: 共和党议员们强烈反对这样的想法,来自内华达州的共和党参议员恩赛因说:"To look at prosecuting some in the Bush administration sends chills through the intelligence community," said Senator Ensign. “看到布什政府一些官员被起诉,会让情报界不寒而栗。”Two Republican senators, John McCain of Arizona and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, and Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut, who calls himself an Independent Democrat, sent a letter to President Obama urging him not to prosecute officials who offered legal advice on detainee interrogations. They say pursuing such prosecutions would have serious negative effects on the candor with which officials in any administration provide their best advice. 两名共和党参议员,亚利桑那州的麦凯恩和南卡罗来纳州的格雷厄姆以及自称是独立民主党人的康涅狄克州参议员利伯曼联名致函奥巴马总统,敦促他不要起诉那些为审讯在押人员提供法律建议的官员。他们说,这样的起诉将会对政府官员的坦率直言造成负面影响,而他们正是凭借这样的坦率才能提供最好的建议。04/67928Trade troubleCNN's Charles Hodson speaks with Alan Holmer, U.S. Special Envoy for China, about the dispute over industrial subsidiesI think it is quite important and in particular what it shows is that engagement with China can work. And that’s what we are attempting to do in this strategic economic dialogue and many other issues that are being discussed. This is one item that was led by US trade representative ambassador Susan Schwab addressing concerns that we have with respect to Chinese subsidies, particularly export subsidies and subsidies we would say that you need to…that a Chinese company would need to import domestic goods as opposed to imported goods. But this really does show that when we have a chance to work through the issues and to work on them collaboratively that we can get a mutually beneficial result. I think that’s in particular the significance here.But you've got some very very big issues indeed to deal with. You've got the issue of Chinese respect of intellectual property, you got the issue of China’s opening up its market to international financial services, and above all you've got the fact that the Chinese, said in newer estimation, keep their currency the RMB yuan artificially low against the dollar. It’s ganna take a long time, isn’t it, to get real progress on those issues?Well, some of these issues are ones that we are able to make progress on. That’s the focus of what we call our strategic economic dialogue to be able to address the long-term strategic issues that we really need to be able to address over the long term. These are issues like energy and the environment, issues on, as you indicate, getting them to appreciate their currency more rapidly. All the issues with respect to having them accelerate the development of their financial sector, issues on investment, issues for example on integrity of trade consumer protection and product safety. So those are all issues… (Let's) Please go ahead CharlesYes, Sorry, ambassador I mean those are obviously, don’t let's get in too far down the laundry list. I mean, those are all important issues but the fact is sure you don’t have that much leverage—the Chinese sell an enormous number of goods that people in America want to buy, hence the deficit on the one hand; on the other hand, you would be very worried if the reserves that the Chinese are holding in dollars were suddenly to go over to Euros or some other currencies essentially they've got all the leverage, you don’t have much, right?Well, I think there are two important pieces of leverage those apply with respect to America, they also apply with respect to Europe. And that is continued access to those two markets which is something that the Chinese certainly are very interested in. The other piece of leverage is all of these questions are once where the Chinese do recognize. That it's important for them on consumer product safety to protect the Chinese brand. They recognized that it is important for them to move to a more flexible exchange rate and what we are focusing on with them is not so much the direction of reform but the pace of reform. Notes:with respect to: pertaining to, concerning..02/61886

精听建议:先完整地把一条新闻听一到三遍,争取掌握大意。然后,一句一句精听,力争每句话都听明白。遇到实在不懂的地方,再听写。下面的文本材料中空缺部分里面要填的词都很简单,不过是一些值得注意的连读或者典型的美式发音哦,有些语速比较快。试试看,你能不能全部写对?TARP is 'partial success' Former Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan says the Troubled Asset Relief Program has helped banks, but more money is still needed.#8226; Did Greenspan miss the ball? The U.S. Treasury's Troubled Asset Relief Program has been partially successful in recapitalizing banks. ___(1)___, the TARP still has work to do because investors--both depositors and holders of bank debt, ___(2)___ now seek a significantly larger ___(3)___ in banks than they did prior to the current crisis. Assuaging investor concerns apparently will require not only capital infusion to replenish an estimated hundreds of billions of dollars of unrecorded losses, but an additional ___(4)___ that would add a needed several percentage points to the capital asset ratio. Moreover, until risk-taking investors freely fund banks, loan officers will remain ___(5)___ of granting new loans. To stabilize the American Banking System and restore a normal lending, additional TARP funds will be required.填空 :1.Nevertheless2.apparently3.capital cushion4.buffer5.chary隐藏03/63771Even as the first day of autumn hovers over American shores, traces of summer linger. So, every year at this time, nearly half a million people step forward to help, to volunteer in an international coastal cleanup and the results can be staggering. In the last couple of years alone, an average of 8 million pounds of trash is collected worldwide. Please, watch where you put your feet, watch what you grab with your hands, we have found in the past hypodermic needles, we found drug paraphernalia.From California to New Jersey, and here along the banks of the Potomac River just outside Washington DC, people don protective gear and comb the coast for trash. Thirty-five glass bottles...From cigarette butts to candy wrappers, every little item is recorded by the Ocean Conservancy, the sponsor of the cleanup since it started in 1986. Because a lot of our trash that's found unfortunately is not coming off ships in the dark of night,it's coming from land, you know, areas, people who were at the beaches, people who were inland, and things are washing downstream. Disgusting, all that's out here, I was so shocked. When I came out here, I thought, oh, you know, people don't litter that much, and I just see stuff on the side of the road, then we've come up here, it's just everywhere.Yeah, it's pretty amazing. Actually we can pick a lot of that up one day and then, the next day come back, and there just twice as much as it was the day before. So, it seems like there is no end to the, the trash.At this site, 2,000 pounds of trash were collected in just an hour and a half. Despite their obvious progress, in many places such as here along the Potomac River, the work is far from over. The river is going to require continued, maintained efforts for many generations to come but we are getting there, this is a sign that the next generation is going to care about the resource and is gonna wanna pass it on to the next generation improved. Everywhere water meets land the goal of this cleanup is the same, to beatify and restore coastlines and to get people to think about how they dispose of their own garbage. So autumn's wind will blow cold but perhaps not so clattered. 200810/53179The old man and the sea老人与海He loved to rock the boat他喜欢乘风破浪Hemingway’s Boat: Everything He Loved in Life, and Lost, 1934-1961. By Paul Hendrickson. Knopf.《海明威的船:他生命中所热爱的一切,失去的一切,1934-1961》; 作者:保罗#8226;亨德里克森、科诺夫。 PAUL HENDRICKSON’S bibliography lists 76 biographical works about Ernest Hemingway, nine of them by wives, siblings and children, followed by memoirists, respected biographers and hangers on, pretenders and doctoral students. “Scholarly forests have been clear-cut in the service of explaining his so-called fetishes,” he writes. That does not mean there is nothing new to say on the subject, but Mr Hendrickson, a former journalist and American author of non-fiction, intends to tell it differently: “I want it to be less of a biography than an interpretation, an evocation, with other lives streaming in.” Having picked his way through this thick undergrowth of biographical criticism and research, he believes that by focusing on Pilar, the 38-foot cabin cruiser Hemingway purchased in New York in 1934 for ,495, he has found a fresh way of telling a familiar story.保罗#8226;亨德里克森传记的参考目录中列举了76部关于海明威的传记作品,其中9部是由海明威个位妻子、兄弟及孩子所著。其他作品则是由回忆录写手、有威望的传记作家、逢迎拍马之辈、冒充顶替之徒及士学生所写。“在学术原野上,阐释对他盲目崇拜的果实已被收割殆尽。”保罗写道,但这并不意味再没东西可写了。亨德里克森曾是一位记者,也是美国纪实文学作家,他想以不同的角度书写海明威:“我想写的并不仅仅是一部传记,想用更多分析阐释,唤起人们的记忆,并为作品注入更多新鲜血液。”在传记批评与研究的茂密丛林中,他开辟出了自己的道路。他相信借助于“比拉号”----海明威于1934年从纽约以7,495美元买回来的38英尺渔船,新坛装老酒。Pilar was designed for catching big fish in the Caribbean. By describing Hemingway’s life on board, Mr Hendrickson can concentrate on fishing, friendship and fatherhood. Because he likes Hemingway more than many other recent biographers have done, Mr Hendrickson lavishes pages on cordial relationships that blossomed on the boat with otherwise anonymous characters: an American diplomat in Havana whose wife typed Hemingway’s letters; an aspiring writer who knocked on Hemingway’s door in Key West seeking advice and was co-opted as a crewman. Both tried to write about their experiences, but their memoirs went unpublished and unknown until Mr Hendrickson came along. Pilar was also the scene of time spent with wives and children, and those reflections do not sweeten Hemingway’s reputation. His youngest son, Gregory, a tortured transvestite who eventually changed sex, once called his father “a gin-soaked monster”.“比拉号”最初是为在加勒比海上捕获大鱼而设计。通过叙述海明威船上的生活,亨德里克森先生叙述了经历、船上友谊以及为父之道。他比近期的几位传记作家更热爱海明威,亨德里克森不惜花费大量笔墨描写海明威与船上无名小卒之间的真挚友谊:驻哈瓦那的美国外交官,其妻帮助海明威打印信件;在基#8226;韦斯特,一位踌躇满志的作家敲开海明威的门,寻求指点,却被海明威安排做船员。这两位都曾记录下他们的经历,但并未出版,所以无人知晓,直到亨德里克森发现了他们。“比拉号”也是海明威同妻儿们一起生活过的地方,但这段往事并未给海明威的声誉锦上添花。他的小儿子格雷戈里---饱受煎熬的异性模仿者,最终变性,曾说他的父亲是“泡在松子酒缸里的怪兽”。Hemingway’s fiction is sometimes said to express the anxiety of American men about their masculinity. Mr Hendrickson argues that behind the mask of hyper- masculinity lies “tuning-fork tremulousness”, which is why Hemingway’s writing survives, and also why there have been “years of innuendo and psychosexual speculation”. The idea that this he-man might actually have been gay is, he thinks, shallowly rooted—though Gregory did provide ammunition by calling his father “Ernestine, dear”. Mr Hendrickson, who regards Gregory as a tainted witness, concedes the possibility of a certain amount of sexual role-swapping between Hemingway and his wives. But this obsessive biographical speculation has managed to obscure Hemingway’s considerable literary achievement, especially in the years before he bought Pilar.有些人评价海明威的小说表达了美国男性对于自身男子气概的忧虑,亨德里克森辩解道,在硬汉的面具下,潜藏着“音叉般的颤抖”,这也是海明威作品长盛不衰的原因,也是为什么会有“长期含沙射影及性心理推断”存在。这个硬汉是同性恋?亨德里克森认为这种观念不靠谱-------------虽然格雷戈里也确实透漏过类似信息,如叫他的父亲“亲爱的欧内斯廷”。亨德里克森先生认为格雷戈里是承认海明威与其众多妻子之间可能会有性角色互换的污点人。但这种反常的传记推测不能磨灭海明威令人瞩目的文学成就,特别是在买到“比拉”号之前的辉煌。By the mid-1930s Hemingway found it easier to catch huge marlin than to write. In 1954, when he won the Nobel prize, his friend, John O’Hara, declared extravagantly that he was the most outstanding author since Shakespeare. But what Hemingway heard loudest in those years was criticism. While sailing on Pilar he a good deal of it, and he found it intolerable. “I am supposed to lay back and come in with ‘War and Peace’ or be considered a bum,” he said. Hemingway’s pain is part of the personality that Mr Hendrickson evokes; and his assiduous research among those friends who shared life on the boat humanises the later Hemingway’s image as a bullying old booby.十九世纪三十年代中期,海明威发现捕捉大金鱼比写作更容易。1954年,海明威获得了诺贝尔文学奖,他的朋友奥哈拉高调宣称海明威是继莎士比亚之后最杰出的作家。然而此时的海明威,听到的却多是批评斥责。乘“比拉号”航行期间,他读了大量批评,愈发忍无可忍,愤慨道:“都认为要么我穿越回去带着《战争与和平》再来,要么我就是不名一文的乞丐。”亨德里克森发现海明威的痛楚部分源于其性格,他孜孜不倦的研究与海明威同船生活的朋友,将海明威后来的形象更加人性化--------迟钝的倔老头子。Pilar is now a museum piece “like some old and gasping browned-out whale” in the garden of Hemingway’s house outside Havana. That image contributes to the strong feeling of melancholy that pervades this book. Mr Hendrickson says he sometimes feels we have lost all sense of who the man really was. By evoking and interpreting Hemingway’s smaller moments, the author has found an ingenious way of showing how this unhappy and vulnerable man was generally nicer outside his family than in it.在哈瓦那海明威故居展览馆,“比拉号”“像一只老得泛黄的鲸鱼”一般躺在花园里-----这样的画面渲染了书中弥漫着的强烈忧郁之感。亨德里克森先生感叹道,有时候我们并不真正了解海明威。通过挖掘和分析那么多细枝末节,作者从另一个角度展示另一个闷闷不乐而又内心脆弱、对待外人比对家人更友善的海明威。201110/157625

Last month, our English Department invited a local radio star to deliver a public lecture on the topic of media influence on society. He described the tug of war that has been going on in recent years between newspapers on real live paper (my words for the old-fashioned way) and newspapers available on the Internet.上个月,我们英语系邀请一位当地广播电台的明星给我们来一次有关媒体对社会影响的演讲。他描述了最近一些年老式的报纸和网络报纸之间的竞争。Are old-fashioned newspapers only for us older folks? The majority of college students I know appear to consider ing anything, not only newspapers (online or ;live;) as a chore. Most seem to only to pass exams.老式报纸只适合于年岁大的人吗?我认识的大多数大学生将阅读,不仅包括读报纸(无论是在线的还是;现场报道的;),视为累人的活。大多数人阅读只是为了通过考试。For me, the pleasures of ing a newspaper, as with ing a novel or a well-crafted poem, essay, or drama, are intricately connected with the pleasures of the human imagination. People newspapers for many reasons. Newspapers offer information, and they also cover a variety of topics. But newspapers and ing in general can only add to our lives if we have imaginations sufficiently fertile and copious to appreciate them.对我来说,阅读报纸的了却和阅读小说或是心编辑的诗,散文,喜剧,都与人们想象的乐趣复杂地联系在一起。人们阅读报纸有很多原因。报纸提供信息,也包含很多话题,如果我们需要丰富的想象力来欣赏报纸和阅读,它们就会融入到我们的生活中。Many tell me the Internet has aly taken over the job of old time ing, but I should not worry young people will suffer from underdeveloped imaginations as a result. PowerPoint presentations, games, text messaging, YouTube, and countless other high-tech advances keep young imaginations very much alive and growing. I hope so.许多人告诉我,网络已经替代了老式的阅读,但是我不应该担心这会导致年轻人的想象力得不到发展,PowerPoint展示,视频游戏,短消息的发送,YouTube还有无数的高科技发展会使年轻人的想象力保持活跃并增长。我希望如此。201111/161360U.S. President Barack Obama is urging Russians to work with the ed States to tackle the big security and economic problems of our time. In a speech to graduates of an economics school, Mr. Obama made the case for better relations.美国总统奥巴马呼吁俄罗斯民众和美国一道,携手应对我们这个时代安全和经济领域的挑战。奥巴马总统利用对俄罗斯一所经济院校毕业生发表演讲的集会,阐述了美俄两国改善关系的重要性。The president began his day in Moscow by wrapping up talks with Russian leaders.当地时间星期二,奥巴马总统首先完成了与俄罗斯领导人的会晤。He met for the first time with Russian Prime Minister - and former President - Vladimir Putin who many analysts consider the most powerful man in the country.他和俄罗斯现任总理、前总统普京首次举行了面对面的会谈。很多分析人士认为,普京目前仍然是俄罗斯最有权势的人物。Their words were cordial. Their tone was polite.会晤期间,气氛良好,言辞也彬彬有礼。"We may not end up agreeing on everything, but I think that we can have a tone of mutual respect and consultation that will serve both the American people and the Russian people well," said Mr. Obama.奥巴马说:“或许我们做不到在所有问题上都达成一致,但是我们可以采取相互尊重、互相协商的态度,我认为这对美国人民和俄罗斯人民都有好处。”A few hours later, the president shifted focus and took his case for better relations directly to the Russian people.几个小时之后,奥巴马总统把焦点直接转向了俄罗斯民众,再次阐述了改善两国关系的重要性。The venue was a graduation ceremony for the New Economic School, which was established in Moscow, after the fall of the Soviet Union, by Americans and Russians eager to provide training in free market theory.奥巴马总统一行抵达了位于莫斯科的新经济学院。这是继前苏联瓦解之后由美国和俄罗斯合建的,目的是提供自由市场经济理论的培训。Mr. Obama told the graduates that much has changed in the last 20 years. And, he talked about at length about just how the ed States sees the future of relations with its former Cold War adversary.奥巴马对该校的毕业生说,过去20年里,世界格局出现了很大的变化。他阐述了美方如何看待与俄罗斯这个冷战时期的对手今后的关系。"To begin with, let me be clear: America wants a strong, peaceful and prosperous Russia," he said. "This belief is rooted in our respect for the Russian people and a shared history between our nations that goes beyond competition."他说:“首先,我要说明的一点是,美国希望看到俄罗斯强大、和平、繁荣。这一信念源于我们对俄罗斯人民的尊重、源于我们两国之间超越竞争关系的历史上的往来。”He said the old Cold War assumption that America and Russia can only exist as antagonists who compete for spheres of influence is wrong.奥巴马说,冷战期间那种思维,即美苏两国只能作为扩大势力范围的竞争对手,是错误的。"That is why I have called for a "reset" in relations between the ed States and Russia. This must be more than a fresh start between the Kremlin and the White House - (al)though that is important and I have had excellent discussions with both your president and prime minister," said President Obama. "It must be a sustained effort among the American and Russian people to identify mutual interests and to expand dialogue and cooperation that can pave the way to progress."他说:“这就是为什么我希望美国和俄罗斯之间的关系能够进入一个崭新的局面。要做到这一点,不是说两国政府之间从头开始就足够了,虽然这也很重要,而且我和贵国总统和总理之间也举行了非常良好的会晤;但是,美国人民和俄罗斯人民之间也必须要长期努力,着眼于共同利益,扩大对话和合作,为两国关系的改善打下基础。”But the president made clear that, in his search for common ground, he is not going to set aside principles that he thinks are important.与此同时,奥巴马总统明确表示,在寻求共同点的同时,他不会将重要的原则和理念弃置不顾。He talked about human rights and matters of national sovereignty - issues that have created friction with Moscow in the past.他在讲话中谈到了人权问题以及一个国家的主权问题,这些都是让美国和俄罗斯之间产生过擦的话题和领域。"Just as all states should have the right to choose their leaders, states must have the right to borders that are secure and to their own foreign policies. That is true for Russia, just as it is true for the ed States," he said. "Any system that cedes those rights will lead to anarchy. That is why this principle must apply to all nations - including Georgia and Ukraine."他说:“就如所有国家的人民都应该有权选举他们的领导人一样,所有国家都应该有权保护边界的安全,实施自主的外交政策;对于俄罗斯、对美国来说,都是一样。一个不允许所有国家实施上述主权的体系必将导致国际局势的混乱。上述原则涵盖世界上所有的国家,包括格鲁吉亚和乌克兰。”Russia is vehemently opposed to the notion of NATO membership for the two former Soviet bloc countries. President Obama says he does not seek to impose a security arrangement on any nation. He noted Ukraine and Georgia must still clear many hurdles to be eligible for alliance membership. And, he stressed once again that NATO seeks collaboration with Russia, not confrontation.俄罗斯方面对格鲁吉亚和乌克兰这两个前苏联集团成员国希望加入北大西洋公约组织(北约)的诉求表示强烈反对。奥巴马总统说,他并不希望把某个安全框架强加给任何一个国家。他并且指出,乌克兰和格鲁吉亚还需要扫清很多障碍才有资格加入北约。他再次强调说,北约组织希望与俄罗斯合作,而不是对抗。 07/76957This sonata Hammerklavier Op 106 is widely accepted as one of the greatest works by Beethoven. Its always presented in my mind that this perhaps signified his graduation from telling us about his material experience and going into the world of total spirit, and maybe this is the border where he starts telling us about his spiritual experience of his life from the spiritual point of view. I dont know if there any kind of this tune ,and it did because of the pressure .Its beyond description. Some people say that it final acceptance of something, maybe. But it from the part of it. But it in a different world.奏鸣曲Hammerklavier Op 106是公认的贝多芬的伟大作品,。它总是浮现在我的脑海里,这或许是他在展现给我们他从物质世界超然脱离,继而进入了全部精神的世界。亦或是一种边界,他从精神的角度讲述给我们他生命的精神经历。我不知道是否还存在着这种类型的曲子,因为这首曲子的压力太大了。它简直无法用语言形容。有些人说这是最后感受到的东西,这也许也是一部分吧。但这是在一个不同的世界。I think the slow movement is the most tragic. The slow movement that Beethoven wrote openly tragic that is the worst tragedy absolutely in a contrary extravert way. He could no longer hear himself play the piano, and that almost something very hard to take ,Up to then, he could almost hear just a little bit .我认为缓慢的节奏是最悲惨的。贝多芬公开谱写的这首缓慢的哀章就是一场最大的悲剧。他无法再次聆听到自己弹奏钢琴的声音,而这几乎是一件很难接受的事情。直到那时,他几乎可以听见一点点。词语解释:1. Hammerklavier. 这是一个德语合成词,Hammer是;锤子;,Klavier是;键盘;。从字面上的意义就是为从拨弦钢琴向锤击的现代钢琴过渡时期为现代钢琴写得一首曲子。这是一个很古怪的标题,而曲子本身应该和这个标题没有太大的关系。2. sonata n. 奏鸣曲3. spirit n. 精神4. tragic a. 悲剧的201111/161633

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