时间:2019年02月17日 06:00:02

At a nuclear security summit in the US, North Korea’s nuclear ambitions were high on the agenda.在美国核安全峰会上,朝鲜的核野心成了议程之首。US President Barack Obama joined with his counterparts from Japan and South Korea to warn Pyongyang against further provocations. Meeting on the sidelines of the summit the trio called for North Korea to give up further nuclear and missile tests or face more sanctions.美国总统奥巴马和日韩领导人警告平壤的进一步挑衅。在峰会间隙期间,三人呼吁朝鲜放弃进一步核武器和导弹试验,或面临更多制裁。Leaders from more than 50 countries were in Washington to discuss how to secure nuclear materials from falling into the hands of terrorists.来自50多个国家的领导人在华盛顿讨论如何确保核材料避免落入恐怖分子之手。In many countries, possession of nuclear material for sale was not a crime. So another area that we have put a lot of emphasis on, is improving our ability not only to locate smuggled material and find the nuclear smugglers, but also to bring them to justice.在许多国家,拥有核材料出售并不是犯罪行为。因此,我们强调的另一个领域在于提高我们的能力,不仅要定位走私材料和发现核走私者,还要将其绳之以法。It comes after the terror attacks in Brussels and investigations into the networks behind them which have increased fears that the ISIL group could target nuclear plants, steal materials and develop dirty bombs.这是继布鲁塞尔恐怖袭击并调查其背后的网络后,有更多的担忧ISIL组织可能袭击核电站、盗取材料并制造脏弹。The Obama administration claims that it is harder than ever before for terrorists to acquire nuclear materials. Yet, the summit includes a special conference on groups like ISIL who have targeted urban areas around the globe – a clear sign that a nuclear threat by terrorists is still looming.奥巴马政府声称,恐怖分子要获得核材料比以往任何时候都要困难。然而,峰会包括特别会议像关于ISIL组织在全球袭击城市地区。一个清晰的迹象表明,恐怖分子的核威胁仍在逼近。译文属。 /201604/435106

See if you can ID me.看你能否鉴别出我。I was developed in the late 1800s by American inventor, Christopher Latham Sholes. 美国发明家克里斯托夫·拉森·肖尔斯在19世纪发明了我。I was eventually named the Remington and occasionally used by author Mark Twain.我最终被称为雷明顿,作家马克·吐温有时会用到我。Im a machine that produces characters like those made by a printing press. 我就像印刷机那样打出字幕。Im a typewriter and the first ones on the market only wrote in capital letters.我是打字机,市场上第一台打字机只能打大写字母。AZUZ: Of course, people wanted to be able to use lower case type, so some of the first typewriters had two keyboards, many with one behind the other. 当然,人们想要使用小写字体,因此最早的打字机有两幅键盘,一幅在另一个的后面。One had capitals and one had lower case.一个有大写字母一个是小写字母。A typewriter with a shift key that needed only one keyboard started being sold around 1878. 只有一个键盘带有转换键的打字机在1878年面市。It eventually became more popular.之后它变得更加流行。But all of these things are just useless antiques now, right?但这些东西现在只是无用的古董吗? /201503/366851

Social Entrepreneurs:Pioneering Social Change社会企业家:改善社会的人I wanted to find a solution to a problem, and I wanted to do whatever it takes to end that problem.我想要找出问题的解答,我想要不计一切代价终结那个问题。In the mid-1970s, Bangladesh was wracked with poverty and famine. Greedy money lenders victimized local villagers who wanted to start small businesses. In one village, Muhammad Yunus counted forty-two people who needed just twenty-seven dollars to break out of poverty.在1970年代中期,孟加拉因贫困及饥荒受到重创。贪婪的放款人欺骗了想要开始做小生意的当地村民们。在一个村庄中,Muhammad Yunus计算出四十二个人需要仅仅二十七元就能脱离贫困。So then an idea came to my mind: if I give these twenty-seven dollars to all these forty-two people, they can return the money to the money lender, so theyll be free. And thats what exactly ended. And the happiness that they brought to them caught me in. And I ask myself the question: if you can make so many people so happy with such a small amount of money, why shouldnt you do it more?接着有个想法从我脑中冒出:如果我拿这些二十七元给这些四十二个人,他们就可以把钱还给放款人,这样他们就能自由。而那正是这样结束的。它们带给他们的幸福吸引了我。我问自己这问题:如果你可以用这么一小笔的钱让这么多人如此快乐,为什么你不该多多益善?Since that first bet, the bank Muhammad Yunus started has made nearly five billion dollars in loans. Its a model that has been copied all over the world, spawning a movement known as ;microfinance.;自从第一次的下注后,Muhammad Yunus所开办的已经借出将近五十亿元的贷款。这是个在世界各地都被复制的模式,育出一个运动,就是所知的“微型金融”。People are demonstrably better off in the world today by virtue of that simple insight. The small, unsecured loans can really make a difference.借由这个简单的见解,今日世人确实过得更好。这个小型、无担保的贷款真的可以有所影响。Microfinance during the past twenty-five years has demonstrated that millions and millions of people can participate in society in a normal way.在过去二十五年期间,微型金融明了数百万计的人们可以以正常方式参与社会。In 2006, Muhammad Yunus won the Nobel Peace Prize: testimony to the role of a new kind of change agent, the social entrepreneur.在2006年,Muhammad Yunus获得了诺贝尔和平奖:是对一种新型态的改革推手--社会企业家这角色的明。Social entrepreneurs like Muhammad Yunus see opportunities where other people see hopeless failures. They see potential where other people see tragic consequences. They see a future that others cant even begin to imagine.像是Muhammad Yunus的社会企业家在其他人看到绝望失败之处看到机会。他们在别人看到的悲惨结果中看到潜力。他们看到其他人甚至无法开始想像的未来。In this moment in history, where government has, at least in some places, has failed to provide basic goods and services, the things that societies need to really allow individuals to thrive. Social entrepreneurs are tackling those really big problems: Problems that reach beyond microfinance, such as educational opportunity, childrens health, housing, clean water, climate change.在历史中的此刻,政府已经,至少在一些地方,政府已无法提供基本的商品及务、无法提供那些社会要真正让人们成功所需的东西。社会企业家正在解决那些非常重大的问题:超出微型金融以外的问题,像是教育机会、儿童健康、住家、干净水源、气候变迁。And the problem is if you look at what the current business, organizations and governments are doing in this sort of space, it really doesnt add up to a coherent solution of the scale that we need. Therefore, I think entrepreneurs are going to be profoundly necessary, because heres the people who used to break up the concrete.这问题是如果你看看现在的企业、组织及政府在这种空间里所做的事,它真的无法累积起来达到我们所需的那种规模的一致性解决方案。因此,我认为企业家会变得非常必要,因为这些是过去常打破固有想法的人。Most people have to see to believe, but I think that social entrepreneurs believe, and then they see. Social entrepreneurs have seen that end result before even got started.大多数人必须要眼见为凭,但我认为社会企业家们先相信,接着他们才看到。社会企业家甚至在他们开始之前就已看见最终结果。And theyve done so all over the world. In Mozambique, Blaise Judja-Sato transformed health care by providing reliable medical services to millions of villagers who have never previously been reached. In India, Bunker Roys Barefoot College teaches people with no prior training to build and install solar electric technologies. And in the ed States, Dorothy Stoneman has shown how young people can change their lives and their communities through job training and education.而他们已在世界各地都做到了。在莫桑比克,Blaise Judja-Sato改善医疗照护,透过提供可靠的医疗务给数百万以前从未被接触过的村民们。在印度,Bunker Roy的赤脚学院教导没受过事先训练的人们建造及安装太阳能电力技术。在美国,Dorothy Stoneman已明年轻人可以怎么透过工作训练及教育改变他们的生活以及他们的社区。We had three hundred abandoned buildings in East Harlem where I lived. We had hundreds, maybe thousands of young people standing on the corners with nothing to do, and lots of homeless people. So I looked at that. I thought theres something wrong with this picture. Someone should hire these young people to rebuild these buildings and create housing for the homeless people, and thats what we set out to do.在我居住的East Harlem区有三百栋废弃的建筑。我们有数百个,也许数千个年轻人站在街角无所事事,还有许多无家可归的人。所以我看到这个。我想这个画面有些不对劲。有人需要雇用这些年轻人来重建这些建筑,并建造住家给这些无家可归的人,而这是我们正着手进行的事。Whats those powerful force you can bring to bear is a really big idea, but only if its in the hands of a really good entrepreneur, its not combination that changes the world.你能够运用的那股强大力量是个伟大的理念,但只有当它是在一个非常优秀的企业家手上,否则就不是个改变世界的组合。Today, thousands of social entrepreneurs are tackling a range of problems in all corners of the globe, but until recently, few of them saw themselves as part of a larger movement.今日,数千位社会企业家正在世界各个角落解决一系列的问题,但直到最近,他们之中很少人把自己看做是个较大型运动的一份子。Some twenty years ago, social entrepreneurs were working alone, fundamentally they had no idea many times that other social entrepreneur existed. They had an experience of essentially going against stream. Very hard. These are very tough people, but still, alone.在大约二十年前,社会企业家都孤军奋战,他们常常根本不知道有其他社会企业家存在。他们有本质上和趋势背道而行的经历。那非常困难。这些是非常坚韧的人们,但仍然,孤零零的一个人。I think social entrepreneurs have always existed, but because they havent always been defined as social entrepreneurs, because weve not always recognized them as such, theyve had no collective identity. They have been lone pioneers.我认为社会企业家一直以来都存在,但因为他们并不老是被定义为社会企业家,因为我们并不总是认为他们是,所以他们没有共同的身分。他们都是孤独的先锋。And now what you see in the world are a whole framework of supports that are coming up, coalescing very very quickly to say, ;Hey, social entrepreneurship is very viable.;而今你们在世界上看到的是一整个拥护组织的出现,非常非常快速地联合起来说:“嘿,社会企业家是非常可行的。”Oxford recruits about three hundred highly talented MBA students each year. Students want to know how to change the world. They want to know how the skills they learn in business school can help them change the world.牛津每年大约招收三百位非常优秀的MBA学生。学生们想要知道怎么改变世界。他们想知道他们在商管学校学到的技能可以如何帮助他们改变世界。When you see social entrepreneurs, regardless of how many problems and challenges that they have, they dont give up. They just push forward and they push forward, and thats inspiring to me.当你看到社会企业家,不论他们有多少问题和挑战,他们都不放弃。他们就是奋勇前进,然后再奋勇前进,那对我来说非常激励人心。Today, Oxford is just one of the many universities teaching social entrepreneurship and providing homes where practicing entrepreneurs can meet and learn from each other.今天,牛津只是众多教授社会企业家精神、并提供执业企业家可相互见面学习根据地的大学之一。The point of supporting the social entrepreneurship movement is to create a home for those people to make them less maverick and more of a movement.持社会企业家精神运动的重点是要为那些人建立一个根据地,让他们较不必特立独行,且更能投入运动。The more we wire the field together from local to national to global means that ideas go from Bangladesh to the US and Brazil, Poland to South Africa. That wasnt happening ten years ago. Thats a function of the increased productivity at the field.我们从当地、到全国、到全球所串接的领域越多,表示理念从孟加拉传到美国和巴西,从波兰传到南非。那不是十年前发生的。那是在这领域中增长的生产力的作用。I think the key thing that we have to come back to time and time again is these entrepreneurs cannot do this on their own. They need support. They need support from funders clearly, but they need strategic partnerships with that mainstream business, and they need the support of government and policymakers.我认为我们必须时不时地回顾的关键事情是这些企业家无法只靠自己完成这些事。他们需要持。他们很明显地需要投资者的持,但他们需要与主流企业的策略性伙伴关系,而且他们需要政府和决策者的持。Whats so exciting to be alive at this moment, as a social entrepreneur connected to thousands of social entrepreneurs around the globe, is that within all of us theres this growing movement, and that theres a hopefulness in starting to look at the problems we have as our problems.在这一刻活着最兴奋的事是,身为一位和世界各地数千位社会企业家联系的社会企业家,最兴奋的事是在我们所有人之中有这样一个不断成长的运动,还有在开始将我们拥有的问题当作我们的问题去看待时,所抱持的希望。My hope for the future is that by virtue of the stories that we tell about reasons for optimism, by virtue of the small pieces of success, we build some big pieces of success. Said in a decades time, we can say this movement began with one very demonstrable success story, and that was called microfinance. But very quickly it built to series of other success stories, and look at the effect theyve had on the world.我对未来的希望是,凭借着我们所说的这些有关乐观理由的故事、凭借着小片的成功,我们拼出一些大片的成功。十年时间的阐述,我们可以说这个运动是以一个非常明显的成功故事开始的,而那叫做微型金融。但很快地它发展成一系列其他成功故事,然后看看那它们对世界带来的影响。201504/367975


But it was nothing like the atmosphere we know today.不过这一点不像我们今天熟知的大气层This was a witches brew of carbon dioxide, methane and steam这是二氧化碳,甲烷和有毒的硫化氢蒸汽laced with poisonous hydrogen sulphide.聚合在一起There was no sign of the gas we humans depend upon, oxygen.这里面没有人类赖以生存的氧气This lethal mix was to endure for something like two billion years这些致命的混合物育某些东西长达二十亿年until primitive life began to transform the atmosphere.直到某些意料之外的事物开始改变大气层The sea here is full of life,这里的大海里全是生物but these creatures arent what Ive come for.但这些生物不是我来此的目的Its these curious lumps Im interested in.这些奇怪的块状物才是我感兴趣的Theyre important because every single plant and animal,他们很重要,因为每一个单独的动植物in fact, every single person on the planet,实际上,地球上每个人owes their existence to them.和它们都有联系These bizarre blobs这些奇异的小圆块Look Like boulders washed up on the foreshore but theyre not.就像海滩上被冲刷的大圆石实际上并非如此Theyre actually alive.它们是活着的These lumps are one of the earliest forms of life on Earth.这些块状物是地球上最早的物种之一Theyre called stromatolites.叫做叠层石201509/399783

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