2018年12月18日 18:31:51|来源:国际在线|编辑:医护在线
Latest robots are on display at the China International Robot Show 2015 in Shanghai on July 8, 2015.2015年7月8号,为期三天的2015中国国际机器人展览会在上海国家会展中心进行。Over 2-thousand robots, including industrial robots, service robots and specialist robots, are on display at the three-day event.展品2000余件,展示了最新概念的务机器人新技术、新产品,涵盖工业机器人、务机器人以及应用于高危行业的特种机器人。Qu Daokui, director-general of the China Robot Industry Alliance, says humans should make good use of robots but also be aware of their negative effects. ;Now we think that technology is a double-edged sword. On one hand, we should let robots contribute to social development. On the other hand, we should reduce their negative effects to a minimum.;中国机器人产业联盟的常务理事曲道奎说:“机器人是一把双刃剑,人们应合理发展机器人,使其对社会有利,同时将其负面影响降到最低”。Service robots have been popular at the show.展会上,最吸引眼球的是务机器人。The current market size of service robots is nearly two billion US dollars despite the fact that service robots haven#39;t been used in everyday life for very long.如今,务机器人占据了大约20亿美元的市场份额,这还是在它们没有被长期用于日常生活中的情况下。Gao Feng, a professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, says it will have dramatic growth in the near future.上海交通大学教授高峰提出,机器人将在不远的未来实现突破性发展。This is the fourth annual CIROS show since its foundation in 2012.此次是CIROS自2012年成立以来举办的第四场展览会。 /201507/385507Idiot Teacher白痴老师If there are any idiots in the room,will they please stand up?; said the sarcastic teacher .喜爱挖苦人的老师说:“如果在这间教室里面有白痴,就请站起来好吗?”。After a long silence,one rreshman rose to his feet,沉默了很久之后,有一名新生就站起来了。;Now then mister ,why do you consider yourself an idiot? ;enquired the teacher with a sneer.老师就以讥笑的口气问他:“喂, 先生,你为什么认为你自己是个白痴呀?”;Well ,actually I don#39;t,;said the student ,;but I hate to see you standing up there all by yourself.;这名学生说:“ 唉呀,实际上我才不认为我是个白痴呢,而是我很讨厌看着你一个人站在那里啦。” /201504/361483

Millions of us reach for a coffee at least once a day to boost our alertness and counter flagging energy levels。我们中有很多人每天都至少需要一杯咖啡来提神醒脑,来增加我们消耗的能量。But what if there was a free alternative that worked even better?但要是有免费甚至效果更好的法子呢?Writer Gregory Ferenstein believes he has the answer - 30 seconds of high-intensity exercise such as push-ups whenever he feels drowsy。作家格雷戈里·弗兰斯坦觉得他就有这样的方法——当感到昏昏欲睡的时候,他通常会选择做30秒的高强度锻炼,比如做俯卧撑等。He discovered that the exercises gave him double the energy boost of his daily Starbucks - and saved him a considerable amount of cash in the process。他发现锻炼的提神效果是每日一杯星巴克咖啡的双倍,而且锻炼还能给他省掉一大笔咖啡钱。He explained: #39;Whenever I need a pick-me-up, I find a quiet corner and perform some form of body-weight exercise that jolts my heart up to at last 70 percent of the maximal beats per minute (for me, that#39;s about 170)。他说:“当我需要提神了,我会去找一个安静的角落来做一些负重锻炼,来使我的心跳达到最快速度的70%(对我来说大约是每分钟170次)。”He added: #39;I#39;ve found that 30 seconds of high-intensity body-weight exercise gives me the same mental boost as a shot of caffeine.#39;他补充说:“我发现,30秒高强度的负重锻炼和咖啡因一样,可以给人同样的精神刺激。 ”For reference, a Starbucks Grande Cafe Americano has 225mg of caffeine. He found that his overall cognitive performance increased by six per cent after caffeine - but 12 per cent after exercise。参考数据显示,星巴克一杯大杯美式咖啡中含有咖啡因225毫克。弗兰斯坦发现,咖啡因使他的整体认知能力上升了6%;而进行锻炼后,他的整体认知能力上升了12%。The only benefit caffeine gave him was when it came to short-term memory, which improved by 26 per cent compared to 16 per cent with exercise。咖啡因带来的唯一好处是增强了26%的短期,比锻炼的效果高出10个百分点。A wealth of research backs up his findings. Last year researchers at the Montreal Heart Institute found that high-intensity exercise boosts mental and physical health。充分的研究也实了弗兰斯坦的发现。去年蒙特利尔心脏研究所的研究人员发现,高强度的运动能增强身心的健康。Previously sedentary adults were put through four months of high-intensity interval training。在此之前,一些长期处于久坐状态中的人们接受了持续四个月的高强度的间歇训练。At the end, their cognitive functions - the ability to think, recall and make quick decisions - had improved significantly, the researchers found。在这项训练结束后,研究人员发现他们的认知能力,包括思考能力、以及迅速做事决定的能力等,都得到了大大的提升。Last year researchers from the University of South Carolina found that regular tmill sessions also give a boost to the cell#39;s powerhouses in the brain。去年南卡罗来纳大学的研究人员发现,定期在跑步机上进行跑步锻炼也能极大地促进脑细胞的生命力。 /201507/387407

You#39;ve tried a warm bath, a hot, milky drink and even counting sheep, but you#39;re still lying wide awake wondering why you can#39;t fall asleep.你肯定试过洗热水澡,喝热牛奶甚至数着小羊让自己入眠,可是还是异常清醒,搞不懂为啥就是睡不着。Now, one scientist claims he has a way of getting insomniacs to slip into a slumber in just 60 seconds – and it doesn#39;t involve prescription drugs or strange lighting.现在,一位科学家声称,他有办法让失眠症患者60秒钟之内就酣然入眠——不要用处方药物,也不用奇怪的灯光。Dubbed the 4-7-8 breathing technique, the method is described as a #39;natural tranquiliser for the nervous system#39; helping to reduce tension in the body.这种4-7-8呼吸法被形容为“神经系统的自然镇定剂”,能帮助人体减少紧张感。It was pioneered by Arizona-based Dr Andrew Weill who says on his YouTube channel: #39;It is utterly simple, takes almost no time, requires no equipment and can be done anywhere.#39;这种方法是由亚利桑那州的Andrew Well士发明的,在他的Youtube频道上,他说道:这种方法非常简单,不需要多少时间,也不需要任何的设备,随时随地都可以进行。To do the 4-7-8 breathing technique, you first need to exhale completely through your mouth while making a #39;whoosh#39; sound.完成4-7-8呼吸技巧的第一步是张大嘴巴呼气同时发出“呼”的声音。Close your mouth and inhale quietly through your nose to a mental count of four.然后闭上嘴巴用鼻子轻轻吸气,在心里默数4秒。Now hold your breath for a count of seven.接着屏住呼吸7秒钟。After this time has elapsed, exhale completely through your mouth, making another whoosh sound for eight second in one large breath.之后完全用嘴深深呼气,再次发出“呼”的声音,这次呼气持续8秒。Now inhale again and repeat the cycle three times for a total of four breaths.现在再一次吸气。将上述四个呼吸动作完整重复3次。#39;Note that you always inhale quietly through your nose and exhale audibly through your mouth. The tip of your tongue stays in position the whole time,#39; Dr Weil says.“要注意的总是用鼻子轻轻吸气,而用嘴呼气时要发出声音。舌尖在整个过程中都保持不动,”威尔士说。#39;Exhalation takes twice as long as inhalation. The absolute time you spend on each phase is not important; the ratio of 4-7-8 is important.#39;“呼气的时间要是吸气的两倍。每次吸呼过程的时间并不重要,重点是要保持4-7-8的比例系数。The technique is based on pranayama, an ancient Indian practice that means #39;regulation of breath.#39;这种技巧是由一种古代印度的叫做调息的方法发展来的,意思是;呼吸的规律;。The Harvard-trained doctor claims that 4-7-8 is such a powerful technique because it allows oxygen to better fill the lungs.这位接受过哈佛教育的士表示4-7-8这种技巧是非常有用的,因为它能让氧气更好的进入肺部。This extra oxygen can have a relaxing effect on the parasympathetic nervous system, which promotes a state of calmness.而更多氧气能作用于副交感神经系统,从而让人体更加镇静。During times of stress, the nervous system becomes over stimulated leading to an imbalance that can cause a lack of sleep.在紧张的时候,神经系统会被过度的刺激导致一种不平衡,这种不平衡引起了失眠。As well as relaxing the parasympathetic nervous system, Dr Weil says 4-7-8 helps you feel connected to your body and distracts you from everyday thoughts that can disrupt sleep.威尔士称,4-7-8呼吸法不仅能放松副交感神经,你还会感觉和自己身体的联系更近了,使你忘记了每天扰乱你睡眠的思索。He says it can also help anxiety.他说这种方法还可以帮助缓解焦虑。On a Youtube explaining the technique, a commenter wrote: #39;I tried it and immediately felt better.在Youtube视频下一条写到“我试了,当时就感觉好了很多”。#39;I take meds for OCD and anxiety...I was feeling anxious when I stumbled onto this. One set of four and I feel way less anxious.#39;“因为我的强迫症和焦虑我一直在药,偶然看到这个方法时,做过仅仅做完第一次循环,我就感觉没那么焦虑了”。Dr Weil suggests practicing the technique twice a day, for six to eight weeks until you#39;ve mastered it enough to fall asleep in just 60 seconds.威尔士建议一天两次练习这个技巧,六到八个星期之后你就能熟练掌握,从而达到60秒入眠。 /201505/374400

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