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楼主:乐视大夫 时间:2018年10月17日 01:00:47 点击:0 回复:0
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You have been here so many times, and before you were pregnant, during the pregnancy--你来我的节目 已经很多次啦 在你怀之前 在你怀期间I know. And now she#39;s three. She#39;s three. Over three, or how old?是哒 女儿现在已经三岁啦 是的 已经三岁啦 过了三岁 还是多大了?Three and a half almost. She#39;s nuts. I bet she is. She#39;s totally nuts.差不多三岁半吧 她太坏了 我猜她一定是的 她不能更调皮了Made from the two of you. Aww.她毕竟是你们俩的结晶 哇哦……Yeah, i was talking to carey earlier today, and really, you both made a--嗯今天早些时候我还在跟凯里说 你们俩共同的…She must be, like, wild. She#39;s delicious. She#39;s wild.你女儿一定很…野… 她很可爱 她很调皮He said she#39;s fierce. She gets it from papa. Yeah, he said shei#39;m physically cautious.她爸爸说她太凶狠了 她一定是遗传了她爸爸 对 他说她… 我是一个头脑很清醒的人I#39;m physical, but I#39;m cautious. He#39;s reckless, and she#39;s reckless.我也许不够理性 但我做事很谨慎 我老公做事很鲁莽的的 我女儿也是Oh! Yeah, she#39;ll jump off-- ;It#39;s only ten stairs, babe.; Yeah.嗯 她会跳下来 不过是10级台阶罢了 亲爱的 嗯He said, ;Well, they#39;ve got to learn.;他说 “嗯…他们得学学”And i#39;m like, ;Well, yeah, but you kind of try to protect them from that.;然后我说 “是啊 但是你得保护他们”That#39;s fire. Yeah. Except she gets a potty mouth from you.这太对了! 嗯 哈哈 但有一点 她遗传了你 喜欢碎碎念She does not have a potty mouth. Yes, she does. She almost had a potty mouth.她才不喜欢碎碎念呢 不 她喜欢的 她一点都没有No, no, she-- Tell them what she said to you the other day.不不不 她… 给他们讲讲 她那天对你说了什么Am I allowed? Yes. We#39;ll bleep it, but yes. Okay. She I was in thegetting y我可以说吗?可以 我们可以哔— 没事 你说 好的 她……我在……打扮出门to go out onstage, and she ran in, and she--准备一个舞台演出 她跑了进来 她…She must#39;ve been preparing this, like a bit,她一定准备了很久 看上去是的And she came in, and she#39;s like, ;I#39;m here.;她跑进来说 我在这儿哔—And I was likei was like, ;I#39;m sorry.然后 我好像…我说 “哦 什么?;I can#39;ti don#39;tmy ears--My ears don#39;t understand what you#39;re saying.; Wow.我不能…我不懂…我的耳朵… 我不明白你在说什么” 哇哦And then you don#39;t want to make a big deal of it, #39;cause she#39;s gonna keep saying it, so...然后 你也没太重视这个事儿 因为 她还会这么说Sheshe mutters it when she thinks no one#39;s looking.她…她…她小声的说 如果她觉得没有人在看她的话And someone must#39;ve--someone must#39;ve said that to her at some point. But it#39;s so cute.一定是有人 一定是有人 对她说过这话 这太可爱了I mean, i#39;m noti#39;m noti#39;m not encouraging it,我的意思是 我不会…我不会…我不鼓励你们这么做but come on, it#39;s, like, a little threeyearold body但是 拜托 这可是一个三岁的小子说出来的And then just-- Yeah. No. Like a sailor. She#39;s like a little sailor.她只是… 对 不 她像个水手 一个小小的水手She#39;s a precious a little sailor. She#39;s an adorable little sailor. Little delicious sailor.她就像个 小心翼翼的水手 超可爱的小水手 甜美的小水手 Article/201707/516011Hello. My name is Emma, and in today#39;s , we are going to talk about the ing module of the IELTS.大家好!我叫Emma,在今天的视频中,我们要讨论的是雅思的阅读部分。I#39;m going to tell you some of my top IELTS ing tips. So let#39;s get started.我会告诉你们一些我的雅思阅读秘诀。那么,我们就开始吧。During the ing module of the IELTS, there will be three passages that you , and for each passage, there are a bunch of questions you have to answer.在雅思考试的阅读部分,一共有三篇文章,每一篇文章后面都有一堆要你回答的问题。The first tip I have for you is: don#39;t spend too much time ing the passages.我要说的第一个诀窍就是:不要花太多时间阅读文章。What happens to a lot of students is they word-for-word everything.很多学生在做阅读理解的时候,总是逐字逐字地把所有内容都读一遍。They see a word they don#39;t know, they keep trying to understand the meaning.当他们看见不认识的单词时,会一直想办法弄懂这个单词的意思。You don#39;t have to understand everything to understand the passage. If you don#39;t know a word, that#39;s fine.其实,你们并不需要读懂所有内容才能弄懂文章大意。如果有不认识的单词,也没有关系。The better thing to do than to slowly , is to use skills such as skimming, which means you quickly for the main idea,比慢慢阅读文章更好的就是使用一些阅读技巧,比如略读,也就是快速阅读以弄懂文章主要思想;or scanning, meaning you look for key words or you look for specific detail.或者浏览,意思就是在阅读的时候寻找关键词或者要点。A lot of students, what they do for the IELTS is they actually will the questions first, and then they will the passage.很多学生在参加雅思考试的时候采用的办法是,先看文章后面的问题,然后再阅读文章。And that way, they... they know what they#39;re looking for.这样他们就知道自己要找什么了。You don#39;t have to do this, it#39;s one technique. Some students find this a lot easier, other students like to the passage first and then answer the questions.你们不一定非得这么做,这只是一种技巧。有些学生觉得这样会简单一些,但也有其他学生喜欢先读文章再回答问题。I recommend trying both out. First do the ing, then the questions,我的建议是你们可以两种方法都试一试。第一次先读文章再回答问题,then try to the questions first and the passage and see what you like better, what you#39;re more comfortable doing.第二次试着先看问题再读文章。然后看看你更喜欢哪一种,哪一种方法让你觉得更舒。So the key thing here is: don#39;t slowly.总之最关键的就是:不要慢慢地阅读。It#39;s a timed test, you have three parts, you have to get through 40 questions; it#39;s very important that you quickly.考试是有时间限制的,而且整个阅读部分有三篇文章,还有40个问题要回答,所以快速阅读非常重要。You can start practicing ing quickly also. There are a number of resources out there where you can actually start practicing.你们练习的时候也可以试着快速阅读了。可供练习的资源也有很多。And time yourself when you practice, make sure you#39;re not going over time.练习的时候要记得给自己计时,确保不要超时。Number two, similar to number one, my tip is: don#39;t spend too long on each question.第二个诀窍和第一个差不多,就是:不要在一道问题上花太长时间。Some of the questions are difficult,they#39;re possible, you can do well on them,but some of them,有些问题是很难的,当然了,你们会做对也是有可能的,you might be ing and you might think: ;Oh, I don#39;t know what the answer is,; and you might look at it, and think, and try, and try, and try.不过其中有些问题你们看到的时候也许会觉得:“天呐,我不知道是什么”,然后你们也许就会一直看着这个问题,不停地想,不停地试啊试啊试的。Well, the problem is if you spend too much time on a question, there are 40 questions and the one-hour limit for the test, it goes by very quickly.可是,如果你们在一道问题上花的时间太多,那就麻烦了,因为总共有40道问题需要完成,时间会不够用的,毕竟考试的一个小时过得很快。So you can#39;t spend too much time on each question.所以,不要在一道问题上花太多时间。So what I recommend is a question, try to figure out the answer. If you don#39;t know it, you can put a star beside it and come back after.我的建议是可以先读完问题,想一想。如果想不出的话,在这个问题旁边画个星号,之后再回过头来看这个问题。Don#39;t spend too long on any question. You can also take a guess, move on, and come back later.不要在任何一道问题上花太长时间。你们也可以先猜一个,然后继续做其他的题,晚一点再回来看这道题。My third tip: spend less time on earlier questions.我的第三个诀窍就是:在前面的问题上少花一点时间。For the ing module, the... like I said, there are three passages. The first passage is the easiest, then the second passage, and then the third passage.在阅读部分,就像我之前说过的一样,总共有三篇文章。第一篇文章是最简单的,然后是第二篇,最后一篇文章比较难。If you spend all your time on the first passage, you#39;re not gonna have time to do the second and the third. And, like I said, the first one is easier.如果你们把所有时间都花在了第一篇文章上的话,就没时间完成第二和第三篇了。而且,就像我说的,第一篇是最容易的。So a good idea is to spend less time on the first passage, maybe about 17 minutes,那么比较好的办法就是在第一篇文章上少花一点时间,也许第一篇可以用17分钟左右,then the second passage maybe spend about 20 minutes, and the third passage maybe 23 minutes.第二篇大概20分钟,最后一篇可能花个23分钟左右。You don#39;t have to follow this exactly, but the main idea is spend less time on part one, more time on part three because part three is harder.你们不用完全照着这个时间来,但是主要意思是:要在第一篇文章上少花些时间,多留些时间给第三篇文章,因为第三篇会比较难。My fourth point is: make sure you have enough time to transfer your answers.第四点是:请确保留有足够时间誊写。They will have an answer sheet and you#39;re supposed to write your answers on it.考试的时候会发一份答题卡,你们要把写在答题卡上。It#39;s very important to leave yourself time to transfer your answers from your test paper to the answer sheet.留有足够的时间把从试卷誊写到答题卡上是很重要的。A lot of students, they work through the booklet and then they realize there#39;s no time to transfer their answers, so make sure you leave time for this.很多学生在写完试卷之后才发现没有时间把抄到答题卡上了,所以你们一定要确保留有足够的时间誊写。Okay, my fifth tip is a very, very common error students make: three words or less.第五个诀窍是个学生们经常会犯的错误:不超过三个单词。In the ing section, also in the listening, in the instructions you will also... or you will often see the words: ;Write three words or less.;在阅读部分的答题要求中,实际上听力部分也有,你们也会......你们经常会看见这句话:“不超过三个单词。”They mean: write three words or less. A lot of students write too many words here.这句话的意思就是:不要写超过三个单词。但很多学生还是会写很多个单词。So, for example: if I#39;m doing a ing on archeology and, you know, I have to write an answer and my answer is: ;the tomb of the Pharaoh;,举个例子来说,假如我正在做一篇关于考古学的阅读理解,然后我要回答一个问题,比如说是; the tomb of the Pharaoh;。for example. This is a Pharaoh, if you don#39;t know, ancient Egypt.以防你们不知道,这个就是一个古埃及的法老。If the instructions tell me: ;write three words or less;, and my answer is: ;the tomb of the Pharaoh;, I#39;ve written way too many words.如果答题要求写着“不得超过三个单词”,而我的是; the tomb of the Pharaoh;,那我就多写了太多单词了。I#39;ve written one, two, three, four, five, so that#39;s too many. So I would get this wrong on the IELTS, get a big ;X;.我写了1、2、3、4、5,5个单词,这就太多了。所以如果我在参加雅思考试的话,就做错了,会得个大大的; X;。Even though my answer was right, because I didn#39;t follow the instructions and I wrote too many words, I#39;m going to get it wrong.即使我的没有错,但是因为我没有按照考试要求作答,写了太多单词,这一题还是没有分。So what would be the correct answer in this case is: ;the Pharaoh#39;s tomb;.那么按照要求来说这一题的正确是; the Pharaoh#39;s tomb;。This is three words. So in this example, that would be correct, we haven#39;t gone over three words.只有三个单词。所以,在这个例子中这才是正确的,写的单词没有超过三个。Also, I could write for these questions maybe one word or maybe two words.同样的,对于这些问题,也可以写一个或者两个单词。可以写一个、两个或者三个单词,但是一定不能超过三个。这个错误十分常见。I can write one, two, or three words - no more than that. Very common mistake.可以写一个、两个或者三个单词,但是一定不能超过三个。这个错误十分常见。Number six is another common mistake students make, their spelling.第六个诀窍也是学生们经常会犯的一个错误——他们的拼写。A lot of students forget that the ing section also has a writing component and that is you have to write your answers.很多学生都忘了其实阅读理解也有书写的部分,那就是你们要把写出来。You also have to spell your answers correctly, and many students, unfortunately, make spelling mistakes.在这一部分你们同样需要正确地把拼写出来,然而不幸的是,很多学生都会出现拼写错误。So it#39;s very important to practice spelling before you do the IELTS.所以,在参加雅思考试之前练习拼写单词也是很重要的。It will help you with the listening section, the writing section, and the ing section.这在考试的听力部分、写作部分和阅读部分都有帮助。I can#39;t emphasize this enough. Smelling... Spelling... Not smelling. Spelling matters. Okay?这个问题我怎么强调都不过分。一定要注意拼写问题。One idea is you can get a book and any time you spell a word wrong, write it in your book and practice those words.有一个办法就是,你们可以准备一个本子,无论什么时候写错了单词,都把这个单词写到本子上去,然后记住这些单词。Have a spelling book for yourself so you can see which words you often make mistakes with.做一个属于你们自己的单词本,这样就可以看看你们经常写错哪些单词了。Number seven, a lot of students also make this mistake with grammar.第七个诀窍,很多学生还会经常犯语法错误。You have to use the correct grammar when you#39;re answering a question.在答题的时候一定要使用正确的语法。So, for example, sometimes maybe the answer is: ;castles; with an ;s;, but a student might write the singular version in their answer,比如,有时候也许是; castles;,有个复数词尾; s; ,但是学生可能会在中写出单数形式,maybe they just write: ;castle;, but the correct form would be with an ;s;.他们可能会写; castle;,可是正确是有; s;的。So you always have to be aware of grammar.所以一定要时常注意语法。The best thing to do is after you write your answer, check it to see if the grammar makes sense.最好的方法就是在写完之后检查一下,看看从语法上是不是说得通。Were they looking for singular answer? Were they looking for a plural answer? Okay? So that#39;s very important to keep an eye out for.看看题目需要的是单数形式的,还是复数形式的?这一点非常值得注意。Finally, my last... my last tip for today is: a lot of students don#39;t the instructions properly.最后,今天我要说的最后一个诀窍就是:很多学生都不仔细看题目要求。This is a very, very big mistake to make. A lot of students, they#39;ve done lots and lots of IELTS tests and they think they know it,这种行为大错特错。很多学生已经参加过很多次雅思考试了,所以他们以为自己都懂,so they don#39;t bother ing the instructions.Always the instructions.就懒得看题目要求了。请一定要仔细阅读题目要求。Even if you#39;ve done a hundred IELTS tests, the instructions just to make sure.即使你们已经参加过一百次雅思考试了,也要看看题目要求以防万一。For example, some common mistakes that happen is for multiple choice in the ing section,举个例子来说,一些很常见的错误都出现在阅读部分的选择题,maybe the question will ask you to choose two answers and if you don#39;t the instructions properly, you might just pick one.也许问题中要求你们选出两个,但是如果你们没有仔细阅读题目要求的话,可能会只选一个。Or maybe it asks you to pick three answers. So it#39;s very important to the instructions properly.或者也许要求是选出三个呢。所以仔细阅读题目要求是很重要的。Another common issue with instructions is people confuse ;Not Given;, ;Yes;, ;No; questions with: ;Not Given;, ;True;, or ;False; questions.另一个常见的题目要求方面的问题就是,大家会把“文中没有提及”、“是”、“不是”这类问题和“文中没有提及”、“正确”、“错误” 这样的问题混淆。They#39;re different. So by ing the instruction, hopefully you can see the differences.这两类问题是不同的。通过阅读题目要求,你们可能就看得出它们之间的区别了。And then when you#39;re supposed to write: ;Yes;, you don#39;t write: ;True;, and when you#39;re supposed to write: ;No;, you don#39;t write: ;False;.还有,当你们回答问题应该写“是”的时候,不要写成“正确”;而当应该写“不是”的时候,也不要误写成“错误”。So make sure you don#39;t mix those questions up. Read the instructions.所以为了确保你们不会混淆这些问题,请阅读题目要求。So, in order to practice the IELTS, I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com. We have a quiz there on some of these tips you#39;ve just learned.那么,为了让大家更好地练习雅思,我推荐你们通过www.engvid.com进入我们的网站。网站上有一个小测验,就是关于我们今天学到的这些诀窍的。And also, I would recommend visiting another site www.goodluckielts.com, for a lot more information on the test.另外,我还想向你们推荐一个网站:www.goodluckielts.com,在这个网站上你们能找到更多关于雅思考试的信息。I know you#39;re going to do well on test day. So good luck. I#39;m rooting for you, I know you#39;re gonna do a good job. Until next time.我知道你们考试的时候一定都会表现得很好的,祝你们好运!我会为你们加油的,我相信你们!下次见咯。 Article/201706/515542Two men were found dead on UCLA#39;s campus Wednesday morning in what police now believe was a murder-suicide. 周三上午,在加州大学洛杉矶分校发现两名男子死亡,现在警方认为是一起谋杀性自杀事件。The campus was locked down after a shooting was reported at a UCLA engineering building, and both local and federal authorities arrived on campus to search for a possible active shooter. 加州大学洛杉矶分校工程大楼报道发生杀后校园被封锁,地方和联邦当局赶往校园寻找可能的活跃手。UCLA students, who are still in school through June 10, were asked to go to a secure location until authorities lifted the lockdown shortly after noon local time.加州大学洛杉矶分校的学生到6月10日仍在学校,他们被要求前往安全地点,直到当局在当地时间正午过后不久解除封锁。Although Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck told KN a note was discovered near the two men found dead, a motive has not been reported to the media. 虽然洛杉矶警察局长查利·贝克告诉KN,在两人死亡地方的附近发现一张便条,但动机还没向媒体报道。The victims have not yet been identified. 尚未确定受害者的身份。译文属。 Article/201606/447372All right, I want to see a show of hands: how many of you have unfriended someone on Facebook好的,我想让大家举手示意一下,有多少人曾经在Facebook上拉黑过好友,because they said something offensive about politics or religion, childcare, food?因为他们发表过关于政治,宗教,儿童权益,或者食物等不恰当的言论?And how many of you know at least one person that you avoid because you just don#39;t want to talk to them?有多少人至少有一个不想见的人,因为你就是不想和对方说话?You know, it used to be that in order to have a polite conversation,要知道,在过去想要一段礼貌的交谈,we just had to follow the advice of Henry Higgins in ;My Fair Lady;: Stick to the weather and your health.我们只要遵循亨利·希金斯在《窈窕淑女》中的忠告:只谈论天气和你的健康状况就行了。But these days, with climate change and anti-vaxxing, those subjects -- are not safe either.但这些年随着气候变化以及反对疫苗运动的开展--这招也不怎么管用了。So this world that we live in, this world in which every conversation has the potential to devolve into an argument,因此,在我们生活的这个世界,这个每一次交谈都有可能发展为争论的世界,where our politicians can#39;t speak to one another政客无法彼此交谈,and where even the most trivial of issues have someone fighting both passionately for it and against it, it#39;s not normal.甚至为那些鸡毛蒜皮的事情都有人群情激昂地赞成或反对,这太不正常了。Pew Research did a study of 10,000 American adults, and they found that at this moment,皮尤研究中心对一万名美国成年人做了一次调查,we are more polarized, we are more divided, than we ever have been in history.发现此刻我们的偏激程度,我们立场鲜明的程度,比历史上任何时期都要高。We#39;re less likely to compromise, which means we#39;re not listening to each other.我们更不倾向于妥协,这意味着我们没有倾听彼此。And we make decisions about where to live,我们做的各种决定,选择生活在何处,who to marry and even who our friends are going to be, based on what we aly believe.与谁结婚甚至和谁交朋友,都只基于我们已有的信念。Again, that means we#39;re not listening to each other.再重复一遍,这说明我们没有倾听彼此。A conversation requires a balance between talking and listening, and somewhere along the way, we lost that balance.交谈需要平衡讲述和倾听,而不知怎么的,我们却渐渐失掉了这种平衡。Now, part of that is due to technology.技术进步是部分原因。The smartphones that you all either have in your hands or close enough that you could grab them really quickly.比如智能手机,现在就在你们手里,或者就在旁边,随手就能拿到。According to Pew Research, about a third of American teenagers send more than a hundred texts a day.据皮尤的研究称,大约三分之一的美国青少年每天发送超过一百条短信。And many of them, almost most of them,而这中间很多人,几乎是所有人,are more likely to text their friends than they are to talk to them face to face.更倾向于给朋友发短信,而不是面对面的交谈。There#39;s this great piece in The Atlantic. It was written by a high school teacher named Paul Barnwell.《大西洋》杂志登过一篇很棒的文章,作者是高中教师保罗·巴恩韦尔。And he gave his kids a communication project.他给自己的学生一项交流任务,He wanted to teach them how to speak on a specific subject without using notes.希望教会他们如何不借助笔记针对某一话题发表演讲。And he said this: ;I came to realize...;然后他说:“我开始意识到……”;I came to realize that conversational competence might be the single most overlooked skill we fail to teach.“我开始意识到交流能力可能是最被我们忽视的,没有好好教授的技能。Kids spend hours each day engaging with ideas and each other through screens,孩子每天花费数小时通过屏幕接触创意和其他伙伴,but rarely do they have an opportunity to hone their interpersonal communications skills.但很少有机会去发掘自己的人际交往技能。It might sound like a funny question, but we have to ask ourselves:这听起来很好笑,但我们必须问问自己:Is there any 21st-century skill more important than being able to sustain coherent, confident conversation?;21世纪,有什么技能会比维持一段连贯、自信的谈话更为重要?”Now, I make my living talking to people:现在,我的职业就是跟别人谈话。Nobel Prize winners, truck drivers, billionaires, kindergarten teachers, heads of state, plumbers.诺贝尔奖获得者、卡车司机、亿万富翁、幼儿园老师,州长、水管工。I talk to people that I like. I talk to people that I don#39;t like.我和我喜欢的人交谈,也和我不喜欢的人交谈。I talk to some people that I disagree with deeply on a personal level.我和在个人层面非常不认同的人交谈。But I still have a great conversation with them.但我仍旧和他们有很好的交流。So I#39;d like to spend the next 10 minutes or so teaching you how to talk and how to listen.所以我希望用接下来的10分钟教你们如何谈话,以及如何倾听。Many of you have aly heard a lot of advice on this, things like look the person in the eye,你们中间很多人已经听过无数建议,比如看着对方的眼睛,think of interesting topics to discuss in advance, look, nod and smile to show that you#39;re paying attention,提前想好可以讨论的有趣话题,注视,点头并且微笑来表明你的专注,repeat back what you just heard or summarize it.重复你刚才听到的,或者做总结。So I want you to forget all of that. It is crap.我想让你们忘掉所有这些,全都没用。There is no reason to learn how to show you#39;re paying attention if you are in fact paying attention.根本没必要去学习如何表现你很专心,如果你确实很专心。Now, I actually use the exact same skills as a professional interviewer that I do in regular life.我其实是把作为职业访谈者一模一样的技巧用在了日常生活中。So, I#39;m going to teach you how to interview people,好,我要来教你们如何采访他人,and that#39;s actually going to help you learn how to be better conversationalists.这其实会帮助你们学习如何成为更好的沟通者。Learn to have a conversation without wasting your time, without getting bored, and, please God, without offending anybody.学习开始一段交谈,不浪费时间,不感到无聊,以及,最重要的是,不冒犯任何人。We#39;ve all had really great conversations. We#39;ve had them before. We know what it#39;s like.我们都曾有过很棒的交谈。我们都曾有过。我们知道那是什么感觉。The kind of conversation where you walk away feeling engaged and inspired,那种结束之后令你感到很享受,很受鼓舞的交谈,or where you feel like you#39;ve made a real connection or you#39;ve been perfectly understood.或者令你觉得你和别人建立了真实的连接,或者让你完全得到了他人的理解。There is no reason why most of your interactions can#39;t be like that.没有理由说你大部分人际互动不能成为那样。So I have 10 basic rules. I#39;m going to walk you through all of them,我有10条基本规则。我会一条条给你们解释,but honestly, if you just choose one of them and master it, you#39;ll aly enjoy better conversations.但说真的,如果你选择一条并且熟练掌握,你就已经可以享受更愉快的交谈了。Number one: Don#39;t multitask.第一条:不要三心二意。And I don#39;t mean just set down your cell phone or your tablet or your car keys or whatever is in your hand.我不是说单纯放下你的手机、平板电脑、车钥匙,或者随便什么握在手里的东西。I mean, be present. Be in that moment. Don#39;t think about your argument you had with your boss.我的意思是,处在当下。进入那个情境中去。不要想着你之前和老板的争吵。Don#39;t think about what you#39;re going to have for dinner. If you want to get out of the conversation,不要想着你晚饭吃什么。如果你想退出交谈,get out of the conversation, but don#39;t be half in it and half out of it.就退出交谈。但不要身在曹营心在汉。Number two: Don#39;t pontificate.第二条:不要好为人师。If you want to state your opinion without any opportunity for response or argument or pushback or growth, write a blog.如果你想要表达自己的看法,又不想留下任何机会让人回应、争论、反驳或阐发,写客去。Now, there#39;s a really good reason why I don#39;t allow pundits on my show: Because they#39;re really boring.有个很好的理由来说明我的谈话里为什么不允许有“专家说教”:因为真的很无聊。If they#39;re conservative, they#39;re going to hate Obama and food stamps and abortion.如果对方是个保守派,那一定讨厌奥巴马、食品券和堕胎。If they#39;re liberal, they#39;re going to hate big banks and oil corporations and Dick Cheney.如果对方是个自由派,那一定会讨厌大、石油公司和迪克·切尼。Totally predictable. And you don#39;t want to be like that.完全可以预测的。你肯定不希望那样。You need to enter every conversation assuming that you have something to learn.你需要在进入每一次交流时都假定自己可以学习到一些东西。The famed therapist M. Scott Peck said that true listening requires a setting aside of oneself.著名的治疗师M.斯科特·派克说过,真正的倾听需要把自己放在一边。And sometimes that means setting aside your personal opinion.有时候,这意味着把你的个人观点放在一边。He said that sensing this acceptance, the speaker will become less and less vulnerable他说感受到这种接纳,说话的人会变得越来越不脆弱敏感,and more and more likely to open up the inner recesses of his or her mind to the listener.因而越来越有可能打开自己的内心世界,呈现给倾听者。Again, assume that you have something to learn.再强调一遍,假定你需要学习新东西。Bill Nye: ;Everyone you will ever meet knows something that you don#39;t.;比尔·奈伊说:“每一个你将要见到的人都有你不知道的东西。”I put it this way: Everybody is an expert in something.我来复述一下:每个人都是某方面的专家。Number three: Use open-ended questions. In this case, take a cue from journalists.第三点:使用开放式问题。关于这一点,请参考记者采访的提问方式。Start your questions with who, what, when, where, why or how.以“谁”、“什么”、“何时”、“何地”、“为什么”或“如何”开始提问。If you put in a complicated question, you#39;re going to get a simple answer out.如果你询问一个复杂的问题将会得到一个简单的回答。If I ask you, ;Were you terrified?; you#39;re going to respond to the most powerful word in that sentence,如果我问你:“你当时恐惧吗?”你会回应那句话中最有力的词,which is ;terrified,; and the answer is ;Yes, I was; or ;No, I wasn#39;t.;即“恐惧”,而将是“是的”或者“不是”。;Were you angry?; ;Yes, I was very angry.; Let them describe it. They#39;re the ones that know.“你当时气愤吗?”“是的,我当时气得很。”让对方去描述,对方才是了解情境的人。Try asking them things like, ;What was that like?; ;How did that feel?;试着这样问对方:“那是什么样子?”“你感觉怎么样?”Because then they might have to stop for a moment and think about it,因为这样一来,对方可能需要停下来想一想,and you#39;re going to get a much more interesting response.而你会得到更有意思的回答。Number four: Go with the flow.第四点:顺其自然。That means thoughts will come into your mind and you need to let them go out of your mind.也就是说,想法会自然流入你的头脑,而你需要将它们表达出来。We#39;ve heard interviews often in which a guest is talking for several minutes我们常听到采访中嘉宾说了几分钟,and then the host comes back in and asks a question which seems like it comes out of nowhere, or it#39;s aly been answered.然后主持人回过来问问题,这问题好像不知道从何而来或者已经被回答过了。That means the host probably stopped listening two minutes ago because he thought of this really clever question,这说明主持人可能两分钟前就没在听,因为他想到了这个非常机智的问题,and he was just bound and determined to say that. And we do the exact same thing.于是就心心念念想着问这个问题。我们同样也会这么干。We#39;re sitting there having a conversation with someone,当我们和某人坐在一起交谈时,and then we remember that time that we met Hugh Jackman in a coffee shop. And we stop listening.我们突然想起那次和休·杰克曼在咖啡店的偶遇。然后我们就不再听了。Stories and ideas are going to come to you. You need to let them come and let them go.故事和想法总会不断向你涌来,但即便无法阻止,也不要让它们过多地在头脑中逗留。Number five: If you don#39;t know, say that you don#39;t know.第五点:如果你不知道,就说你不知道。Now, people on the radio, especially on NPR, are much more aware that they#39;re going on the record,广播节目里的人,尤其在全国公共广播电台(NPR)中,非常明白他们的谈话会被播放出去。and so they#39;re more careful about what they claim to be an expert in and what they claim to know for sure.所以他们对自己声称专业的地方以及言之凿凿的东西会更加小心。Do that. Err on the side of caution. Talk should not be cheap.要学着这样做。谨言慎行。谈话应该是负责任的行为。Number six: Don#39;t equate your experience with theirs.第六条:不要把自己的经历和他人比较。If they#39;re talking about having lost a family member,如果对方谈论失去了家人,don#39;t start talking about the time you lost a family member.不要就势开始说你失去家人的事情。If they#39;re talking about the trouble they#39;re having at work, don#39;t tell them about how much you hate your job.如果对方在说工作上的困扰,不要告诉他们你多么讨厌你的工作。It#39;s not the same. It is never the same. All experiences are individual.这不一样的,永远不可能一样。任何经历都是独一无二的。And, more importantly, it is not about you.而且,更重要的是,这不是在谈论你的事。You don#39;t need to take that moment to prove how amazing you are or how much you#39;ve suffered.你不需要在此刻明你多么能干,或者你经受了多少痛苦。Somebody asked Stephen Hawking once what his IQ was, and he said,有人曾问史蒂芬·霍金他的智商是多少,他回答道:;I have no idea. People who brag about their IQs are losers.;“我不知道。拿智商吹牛的人都是屌丝。”Conversations are not a promotional opportunity.交谈不是用来推销自己的。Number seven: Try not to repeat yourself.第七条:尽量别重复自己的话。It#39;s condescending, and it#39;s really boring, and we tend to do it a lot.这很咄咄逼人,也很无聊。但我们很容易这样做。Especially in work conversations or in conversations with our kids,尤其是在工作交谈中,或者和孩子的交谈中。we have a point to make, so we just keep rephrasing it over and over. Don#39;t do that.我们想声明一个观点,于是换着方式不停地说。别这样。Number eight: Stay out of the weeds.第八条:少说废话。Frankly, people don#39;t care about the years, the names, the dates,说白了,没人在乎那些年份,名字,日期all those details that you#39;re struggling to come up with in your mind.等等这些你努力试图在脑中回想的种种细节。They don#39;t care. What they care about is you.别人不在乎。他们关注的是你。They care about what you#39;re like, what you have in common. So forget the details. Leave them out.对方关心你是什么样的人,和你有什么共同点。所以忘掉细节吧。别管它们。Number nine: This is not the last one, but it is the most important one.第九条:这不是最后一条,但是最重要的一条。Listen. I cannot tell you how many really important people have said that listening is perhaps the most,认真倾听。我说不上来到底有多少重要人士都说过倾听可能是最重要的,the number one most important skill that you could develop.第一重要的你可以提升的技能。Buddha said, and I#39;m paraphrasing, ;If your mouth is open, you#39;re not learning.;佛曰--我转述一下,“如果你嘴不停,你就学不到东西。”And Calvin Coolidge said, ;No man ever listened his way out of a job.;卡尔文·柯立芝曾说:“从没有人是因为听太多而被开除的。”Why do we not listen to each other? Number one, we#39;d rather talk. When I#39;m talking, I#39;m in control.为什么我们不愿倾听彼此?首先,我们更喜欢说。我在说话时一切在我的掌控之中。I don#39;t have to hear anything I#39;m not interested in. I#39;m the center of attention.我不用去听任何我不感兴趣的东西。我是焦点。I can bolster my own identity. But there#39;s another reason: We get distracted.我可以强化自己的认同感。但还有一个原因:我们会受到干扰。The average person talks at about 225 word per minute, but we can listen at up to 500 words per minute.人平均每分钟说大约225个单词,但我们每分钟可以听将近500个单词。So our minds are filling in those other 275 words.所以我们的脑子被这另外275个单词占据了。And look, I know, it takes effort and energy to actually pay attention to someone,我知道这很耗费精力去真正注意听别人讲。but if you can#39;t do that, you#39;re not in a conversation.但如果你不这么做,你们就不是在交谈。You#39;re just two people shouting out barely related sentences in the same place.你们只不过是两个人在同一个地方彼此嚷嚷毫不相关的话。You have to listen to one another. Stephen Covey said it very beautifully.你们必须相互倾听。史蒂芬·柯维对此有精的论述。He said, ;Most of us don#39;t listen with the intent to understand. We listen with the intent to reply.;他说:“我们大多数人都不是为了理解而倾听。我们为了回应而听。”One more rule, number 10, and it#39;s this one: Be brief.最后一条,第十条:简明扼要。All of this boils down to the same basic concept, and it is this one: Be interested in other people.所有这些都浓缩成同一个概念,那就是:对他人产生兴趣。You know, I grew up with a very famous grandfather, and there was kind of a ritual in my home.我在一个名人外公的身边长大,我家里宾客络绎不绝。People would come over to talk to my grandparents, and after they would leave,访客会前来和我的外祖父母交谈,而那些人离开后,my mother would come over to us, and she#39;d say, ;Do you know who that was?我母亲会过来对我们说:“你们知道那是谁吗?She was the runner-up to Miss America. He was the mayor of Sacramento.她是美国的亚军。他是萨克拉门托市长。She won a Pulitzer Prize. He#39;s a Russian ballet dancer.;她拿过普利策奖。他是俄罗斯芭蕾舞蹈家。”And I kind of grew up assuming everyone has some hidden, amazing thing about them.我在成长中默认了每个人都有不为人知的精。And honestly, I think it#39;s what makes me a better host.说真的,我想是这一切让我成为了更好的主持人。I keep my mouth shut as often as I possibly can, I keep my mind open,我尽量少说话,但开放自己的思想,and I#39;m always prepared to be amazed, and I#39;m never disappointed.永远准备着大吃一惊,而我从不会感到失望。You do the same thing. Go out, talk to people, listen to people,你们也可以这样。走出门去,和别人交谈,听别人说,and, most importantly, be prepared to be amazed. Thanks.以及最重要的,准备好大吃一惊。谢谢。 Article/201707/516538

新英语900句视频版 第45课 阅读与复习 文本如下:Ali, my little Martian. Where were you? Why didn#39;t you tell me where you were going? You#39;ve been gone three hours!阿里, 我的小火星人, 你到哪里去了? 你为什么不告诉我你要去哪里? 你已出去三个钟头了!Mr. Yamamoto, I can#39;t thank you enough for bringing him back. What happened, Ali? Where were you? I was so worried.山本先生, 你把他带回来了, 我真感激不尽. 阿里, 到底发生了什么事? 你到哪里去了? 我多么耽心.Don#39;t cry, Mommy. I won#39;t do it again. I promise. Don#39;t cry. I just went to Mr. Yamamoto#39;s store to invite him to my party.不要哭了, 妈! 我不会再犯了. 我答应你. 不要哭了. 我只是到山本先生的店里去请他参加我的派对.It takes too long to invite people by mail. I got lost.因为写信邀请人太慢. 我迷路了.I started walking, and then I didn#39;t know where I was. So I asked people to help me find Mr. Yamamoto#39;s store.我开始走路, 然后不知道自己在哪里. 所以我请别人帮助我找山本先生的商店.Some people said, ;Turn left,; and some people said, ;Turn right,; and sometimes I forgot what they said. But I didn#39;t get scared!有的人说;往左转,; 也有的人说;往右转,; 有时候我忘了他们说什么. 可是我并不害怕!I kept saying to myself, ;You#39;re almost seven!; Anyway, all of a sudden, I was right there in front of Mr. Yamamoto#39;s store.我一直对自己说;你快七岁了!; 反正我忽然间, 来到了山本先生商店的门口.It was like magic! And Mr. Yamamoto can come to my party. I asked him.就像在变魔术一样! 山本先生可以参加我的派对, 我已经问过他了.You should have seen him, Mrs. Nikzad.可惜你没有看到, 尼克萨德太太.When Ali found the store, he may have been shaking a little, but he wouldn#39;t cry. He#39;s a brave boy.当阿里找到我的店的时候, 虽然似乎有一点发抖, 但他坚决不哭. 他是个很勇敢的小男孩.Dear Pedro,佩德罗,I#39;ve been back over a week now.我已经回来一个多星期了.I expected to have trouble adjusting to life in New York, but no one ever told me that I would have trouble justing to my old life!刚到纽约时会住不惯, 这是我预料中的事, 但从来没有人告诉我重新适应我以往的生活会有困难!I don#39;t understand it.我真搞不懂.I get angry at things that never used to get me angry.一向不会让我生气的事, 现在竟让我生气.I lose patience with my family.我对家人也没有了耐性.And unless I calm down, I#39;m going to lose my friends, too.而且, 除非我情绪能冷静下来, 不然我还将会失去我的朋友们.I must have changed. Everybody says I have.我必须改一改. 每个人都说我必须改.I know I see the world differently now, but I don#39;t want to be the person I was before I went away.我知道我各方面的眼光跟以前不一样, 但是, 我不愿意再作离开以前的那个我.What do I do now, Pedro?佩德罗, 我现在应该怎么办才好?I miss Marta every minute, but I won#39;t say any more about that because I can just hear you making fun of me.我时时刻刻地想念玛它, 但是, 关于这一点我似乎可以听到你在嘲笑我, 所以不多说了.I even miss you!我连你都想念!Which reminds me, how did your interview go?说起你的事, 我几乎忘了, 你面试的经过如何?Did you get the assistant manager position?你获得助理经理的职位了吗?You know, Pedro, there is no way I can repay the kindness that you and your family have shown me.你知道吗, 佩德罗, 你和你的家人对我的恩情我没有办法还报你们.All I can say is thank you, and I hope that someday soon you will visit us.我唯一能说的是谢谢你, 而且我希望很快的有一天你就会来看我们.Our house is your house.我们的家就是你的家.Miguel PS I know you don#39;t write letters, but you could send a postcard every now and then.米盖尔附记我知道你是不写信的, 不过有时候你可以寄张明信片来.PPS I must have been in a daze when I left New York.再附记我离开纽约的时候一定是昏了头.You know my sweater, the one you always used to borrow?你以前老跟我借的那件毛衣,I must have left it at your apartment.我大概遗放在你家.If you find it, keep it for me until I return.你要是找到的话, 帮我保留到等我回到纽约.It looks good on you.它穿在你的身上看起来不错.Attention young artists!年轻的艺术家们请注意!The Brazilian Pavilion of the World#39;s Fair is sponsoring an international art competition.万国览会巴西馆将举办一项国际性艺术比赛.,000 a year grant to?The winner will receive a live and study for two years at the institution of his choice anywhere in Brazil.第一名将获得一年一万美元的奖学金以作为赴巴西就读其所选择之任何大专院校为期二年的生活费及学费.All men and women under thirty years of age are cordially invited to enter the competition.诚请未满三十岁之青年男女报名参加.During December we will be exhibiting as many entries as possible at the World#39;s Fair Museum of Modern Art.巴西馆将在十二月份尽可能将所有的参赛作品陈列于万国览会现代艺术馆供大众观赏.But, as the judges, all internationally famous artists,但因为裁判必须在元月一日前作决定,must make their decision before January 1, the Brazilian Pavilion must receive your entry by December 1.所以所有参选的作品必须在十二月一日前送至巴西馆本比赛的裁判, 均为举世闻名的艺术家.On January 1 the Brazilian Pavilion will have the pleasure of announcing the results of the competition.在元月一日, 巴西馆将十分荣幸地宣布比赛的结果.The ceremony will take place in the Grand Gallery of the Museum at 4:30 PM.仪式将于该日下午四时三十分假现代艺术馆大陈列厅举行.All works of art remain your property and will be returned after the first of the year.各作品之所有权将属于作者所拥有作品于元月一日后将归还原主.As we cannot be liable for paintings submitted to us, please insure your entry against loss, damage, or destruction.作品若有遗失, 损害或毁损等情形, 巴西馆无法负责任, 敬请各位自行投保为盼.Persons related to the staff of the Brazilian Pavilion are not eligible to enter the competition.凡与巴西馆工作人员有亲戚关系的人不得参与比赛. /200809/48041

I#39;m always a little bit nervous taking people who#39;ve got no experience into a very wild place.我总是担心带那些完全没有经验的人 进入荒野地带You know, it#39;s one thing operating on my own.我一直都是单匹马Suddenly you#39;ve got other people#39;s lives in your hand.突然发现 手中还拽着其他人的生命You know, he instilled a lot of trust.他给我们灌输了很多信任And I think that was the most important thing I learned on this journey, was learn to trust.我觉得在这趟旅程中 我学到最重要的东西 便是信任When you see someone who#39;s never done it before suddenly on the edge of the cliff,你看着一个没有任何经验的人 就这么突然站到了岩壁边上and you can almost feel their heart beating,and I could see that look of horror,你甚至能感受到他心跳加速 能看见他脸上的惶恐but, you know, he did it, and that#39;s amazing to see.但最后 他成功了 这真令人惊叹As terrified as I was,I think it made me a stronger person by coming out here虽然我一直提心吊胆 但这段刻骨铭心的经历and experiencing it and putting myself in those kind of situations.这番身临其境的洗礼 让我变得更加坚强And it really did push us to the limit.它也确实让我们超越了极限I think it#39;s always captivating,seeing somebody overcome real struggles.能目睹他人征那些真正的困难 总是令人心驰You know, we gave them the whole nine yards.我们完全放手让他们去做We didn#39;t kind of hand it to them.并没有伸出援手And we threw them in, literally, the deep end.可以说 我们把他们投入了困境之中You know, this is ;Man vs. Wild;. This is the real deal.这就是荒野求生 这可是来真的We came to Canada, and we#39;re done with Canada.我们来到加拿大 并成功结束了加拿大之旅This experience has been unbelievable.这是段难以置信的经历 Article/201707/517142

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