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2018年12月14日 04:00:21|来源:国际在线|编辑:快问互动
In his famous book Learned Optimism, Martin Seligman points out how our present use of language can be a fairly accurate predictor of future success. Seligman explains how he was able to predict outcomes of sporting events with reasonable accuracy by comparing the language used by the coaches and players in interviews before the event. Basically what he did was count all the positive words and the negative words in published pre-game es from the players and coaches, and then he calculated the ratio of positive words to negative. The team with the higher ratio was the one picked to win. There is some subjectivity in deciding whether a word is positive, negative, or neutral, but if you try it yourself, I think you’ll find that most of the time it’s fairly easy to classify words. Seligman also explains using a similar process to predict the winners of political elections.Try this for yourself. Here’s a sentence I grabbed from Yahoo News on Feb 23:Scientists fear the avian flu that has killed 46 people in Asia could be the strain that will cause the next global pandemic but said more evidence is needed about how infectious it is in humans.How many positive and negative words do you count? I count zero positive and four negative (fear, killed, pandemic, infectious). So this sentence has a ratio of 0/4 0.Let’s try the same process on all of the headlines from Yahoo News (I’m using the Feb 23 version). I count 6 positive words (eases, adds, new, found, right, wealthy) and 15 negative words (denounce, fight, die, soak, death, somber, slain, fears, concerns, dismissed, defiant, avoids, risk, pandemic, handouts) for an overall ratio of 6/15 0.4.My picks are subjective of course, so yours may be different, but try it for yourself on any news site. If you find one with a ratio above 1.0, please tell me about it!Try this on yourself as well. Go over some text you wrote recently — emails, forums posts, whatever. What’s your ratio of positive/negative words? Seligman would argue that this is a powerful predictor of future success. Some personal development experts believe that by intentionally choosing more optimistic words in the language you use, you’ll start to become more optimistic in your thinking, which will in turn lead to better results. Anthony Robbins has a whole chapter about it in one of his books; he refers to it as “transformational vocabulary.”Have some fun and try this on your friends and co-workers. Grab something they wrote, and compute their ratio. Is their language predominantly optimistic (gt;1.0) or pessimistic (lt;1.0)? Who has the highest score? The lowest score? Any interesting patterns?What kind of boss do you work for? What about your company’s brochures? If you run your own business how’s your marketing material, your web site, your business plan? Are you projecting confidence or self-doubt to your customers? What about your journal entries? Your to do list?You’ll often see a pattern where like attracts like. Pessimistic news sources will attract pessimistic ers, partly because those are the best targets for advertising — negative people are more likely to believe that buying products will change their emotional state. A pessimistic company will attract and breed pessimistic employees — the high-energy positive people will go where their enthusiasm is welcome. So there’s a good chance you’ll see similar ratios to your own when you look around your environment. /200803/29467

South Korea#39;s Samsung Electronics Co on Tuesday announced the launch of its mobile payment service in China, where it is likely to struggle in an aly crowded market.韩国三星电子公司本周二宣布,旗下移动付务;三星智付;在中国上线。三星很可能也要加入中国移动付市场大战。The world#39;s second-largest economy is also the world#39;s biggest smartphone market, and Samsung Pay has a powerful partner in China-bank card provider UnionPay.中国是世界第二大经济体,同时也是世界最大的智能手机市场,而三星已在中国拥有一个强大的合作伙伴,那就是银联。But unlike most other countries, mobile payment systems are aly well-established in China, with local providers dominating the market. As an outsider Samsung will also have to compete with Apple, which launched its own Apple Pay system last month-also in partnership with UnionPay.与其他大多数国家不同,移动付系统在中国已经很完善了,本国供应商在市场上占据着主导地位。作为外来者,三星将必须与苹果竞争。苹果于上月与银联合作推出了自己的苹果付系统。Samsung said its service currently supports selected credit and debit cards from nine Chinese banks and is available on its top-end Galaxy smartphones, with midrange models to follow.三星公司表示,目前;三星智付;持中国9家的信用卡、借记卡,可在Galaxy高端智能机型上使用。该务以后将持中端机型。China had 359 million online payment users in mid-2015, up almost 18 percent in six months, according to the China Internet Network Information Center. Mobile transactions were valued at some 9.3 trillion yuan (1.4 trillion dollars) last year, up an annual 57 percent, one industry estimate showed.据中国互联网络信息中心统计,2015年中期中国拥有3.59亿的网上付用户,六个月内增长了18%。据行业估计的数据显示,去年的移动交易额达到约9.3万亿元(1.4万亿美元),年度增长为57%。The dominant mobile and online payment providers in China are Alibaba Group, with nearly three-quarters of the market, followed by Tencent, which has some 17%, according to Beijing-based BigData Research.根据北京比达咨询公司的数据显示,阿里巴巴集团和腾讯在国内手机和网络付市场占据主导地位,市场份额分别为近75%和约17%。 /201604/435147

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