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2018年11月22日 00:22:16来源:康泰互动

Now dont get me wrong, writing has certain advantages.大家不要误会,文字写作确实有它自己的优势。When you write, because its a conscious process, because you can look backwards,当你写字的时候,因为这是一个有意识的过程,因为你可以回顾过去,you can do things with language that are much less likely if youre just talking.你可以用书面语言来完成一些说话时不会表达的事情。For example, imagine a passage from Edward Gibbons ;The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire:;比如,让我们看看爱德华·吉本(英国历史学家)在“罗马帝国衰亡史”一书中的一段(取自第二十四章),;The whole engagement lasted above twelve hours,“整个战争持续了至少12小时,till the graduate retreat of the Persians was changed into a disorderly flight, of which the shameful example直到波斯人纷纷仓皇溃退,其中表现最可耻的是was given by the principal leaders and the Surenas himself.;他们的指挥官们以及苏雷纳斯(最高统帅)本人。”Thats beautiful, but lets face it, nobody talks that way.写的真的很美,但是,说实话,没人这么说话。Or at least, they shouldnt if theyre interested in reproducing. That -- is not the way any human being speaks casually.或者至少,如果真感兴趣的话也不该这样重复。这--不是人们平常说话时候的样子。Casual speech is something quite different.日常对话是非常不同的。Linguists have actually shown that when were speaking casually in an unmonitored way,语言学家实际上已经指出,当我们在轻松的对话时,we tend to speak in word packets of maybe seven to 10 words.我们每句话会用大概7到10个字。Youll notice this if you ever have occasion to record yourself or a group of people talking.你会注意到这点,如果你有机会录下来自己或者一组人说话。Thats what speech is like. Speech is much looser. Its much more telegraphic.这就是语言对话的形式。语言对话更松散。也更简洁得多。Its much less reflective -- very different from writing.和书面文字表达非常不同,它少了思考性。So we naturally tend to think, because we see language written so often, that thats what language is,所以因为我们经常看到写出来的语言,我们就很自然地认为,那就是语言,but actually what language is, is speech. They are two things.但实际上语言是言语对话。这是两个不同的事物。201703/499479。

  • Assalam Alaikum! Hello, my friends! For the last month, Muslims around the world and here in Canada have fasted from dawn to sunset. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan – a time of fasting and reflection, spiritual discipline and renewal, and service to those less fortunate. I am honoured to partake in this special time, which celebrates the common values that unite us all – values like empathy, generosity, discipline, and respect. These are tenets of our Charter of Rights and Freedoms – and vital principles upon which Canada is founded. As we celebrate the end of Ramadan, and look forward toward the future, let us carry these shared values onward – values that built this country and make us stronger every day. On behalf of our family, Sophie and I extend our warmest wishes to all those celebrating Eid al-Fitr. Eid Mubarak!201608/458165。
  • Hi, everybody. Last summer, I got a letter from a woman named Elizabeth Paredes from Tucson, Arizona. Elizabeth is the mom of a 3-year-old boy, and an assistant manager at a sandwich shop. She earns about ,000 a month, and she routinely works some 50 hours a week, sometimes even more. But because of outdated overtime regulations, she doesnt have to be paid a dime of overtime. She wrote: ;Its not easy work and requires a lot of time away from my son…at times I find its not worth it.; Things like the 40-hour workweek and overtime are two of the most basic pillars of a middle class life. But for all the changes weve seen in our economy, our overtime rules have only been updated once since the 1970s. Just once. In fact, forty years ago, more than 60 percent of workers were eligible for overtime based on their salaries. But today, that number is down to seven percent. Only seven percent of full-time salaried workers are eligible for overtime based on their income. Thats why this week, my Administration took a step to help more workers get the overtime pay theyve earned. The Department of Labor finalized a rule to extend overtime protections to 4.2 million more Americans. Its a move that will boost wages for working Americans by billion over the next 10 years. Were more than doubling the overtime salary threshold. And what that means is, most salaried workers who earn less than about ,500 a year will qualify for overtime. Or, their employers can choose to give them a raise so that they earn more than ,500. Or, if employers dont want to raise wages, they can let them go home after 40 hours and see their families or train for new jobs. Any way you slice it, its a win for working families. And were making sure that every three years, there will be an automatic update to this threshold – so that working families wont fall through the cracks for decades at a time ever again. This is the single biggest step I can take through executive action to raise wages for the American people. It means that millions of hardworking Americans like Elizabeth will either get paid for working more than 40 hours, or theyll get more time with their families. Either way, they win. The middle class wins. And America wins. We still have more work to do to make sure this economy works for everybody, not just those at the top. Thats why Ill never stop fighting for as long as I hold this office – to restore the sense that in America, hard work should be rewarded with the chance to get ahead. Thanks, everybody. And have a great weekend.201606/447184。
  • 美国成语俗语教程录音 Lesson19-24暂无文本 /200606/7804。
  • 028 at the hospital Words Operation Surgery surgeon anaesthetic ward nurse symptoms injection disease infection Virus injury wound heart rate breathing apparatus heart monitor Phrases Undergo surgery Relieve symptoms Give an injection Suffer an injury Break a bone Monitor heart rate Catch an infection Give an anaesthetic Lie in a ward Have an operation Beginner A; did you hear about car accident on Spring Road yesterday? B: yes, I did. I heard that they took both drivers to hospital. One needed surgery. A; yes. I heard he had a few broken bones too, but that the doctors have set the fractures without any problems. B: the second driver was luckier. He had a concussion and need ed some stitches for his head wound. A: yes. He was released from hospital yesterday evening. The other man could be there for weeks. B: I understand that he’s connected to a heart monitor and breathing apparatus. His condition can’t be very good. A; the hospital announced this morning that his condition is poor but stable. What does that mean? B: it means he’s really badly injured, but he will almost certainly survive. A; his family will be pleased to hear that. They must have been so worried. Intermediate A; hello. Nice to see you again. I heard you went into hospital for a few days to undergo surgery. I hope everything’s OK. B: yes, fine. I had something wrong with my stomach. I won’t go into detail, but it wasn’t serious. A: I really dislike going to a doctor or to a hospital. B: I think most people are a little nervous about it. I was really very, very nervous just before I had the operation, but the anaesthetist gave me an anaesthetic and the next thing I remember was waking up after the operation. A; It must have really hurt afterwards. B: well, the nurse game me plenty of painkillers, but it did feel uncomfortable. I wasn’t permitted to eat anything for 48 hours. That was the worse thing. A: I bet you were y for a thick juicy steak when you got out of hospital. B; I certainly was! However, the doctor gave ma a list of food I couldn’t eat for another 72 hours, and steak was on the list! A; is there any pain now? B; no, not at all. I stopped taking painkillers after a couple of days. A; did they take good care of you in the hospital? B; oh, yes. The nurse were very kind, though they were strict about what I could drink. In the end, I just drank water and nothing else. Everyone was very professional and I actually enjoyed some aspects of my stay. /200705/13118。
  • 英语会话800句 65 /200609/9329。
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