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成都治疗牙周炎大概多少钱成都隐形牙齿矫正Washing your face seems pretty simple, yet dermatologists and beauty companies think there#39;s room for improvement.洗脸看起来特别简单,但皮肤科医生和化妆品公司却认为,它还有改进提高的空间。Easy does it is the message experts have for consumers, as a new generation of facial cleansers promises mild formulas that won#39;t dry out the skin. New devices offer deep-clean claims but with a lighter touch. Some doctors even say that people with good skin should wash their face just once a day -- at night.随着新一代洁面产品问世,许诺其温和配方不会使皮肤变干,专家们向消费者传递出这样的信息:洁面别着急,需要放轻松。新产品宣称能够提供深度清洁,而且对皮肤的触碰也更为柔和。有些医生甚至称,皮肤好的人每天只应洗一次脸──在晚上洗。It#39;s a tough sell for consumers familiar with strong formulas that can make skin feel tight and squeaky clean. Many people take that feeling as a sign of effectiveness, when actually it is a signal of overdrying or damage.这个说法很难让那些熟悉强力配方的消费者接受,这类配方能使皮肤感到紧绷和异常洁净。很多人认为这种感觉是产品效果好的表现,但实际上它是皮肤过干或受损的信号。And most people still assume that any skin problem -- whether dull skin, acne or age spots -- can be solved by scrubbing a bit harder. #39;They think, #39;All I need to do is clean it more thoroughly, more vigorously.#39; That#39;s everyone#39;s answer,#39; says Susan Taylor, medical director at Society Hill Dermatology in Philadelphia, and a spokesperson for Johnson amp; Johnson, makers of Neutrogena and Clean amp; Clear skin-care lines.大多数人仍认为任何皮肤问题─不论是暗沉肌肤、痤疮或老年斑──都能通过多用点儿力搓洗来解决。费城(Philadelphia) 索赛蒂希尔皮肤病医院(Society Hill Dermatology)医疗总监、强生公司(Johnson amp; Johnson)发言人、露得清(Neutrogena)及可伶可俐(Clean amp; Clear)护肤系列制造商苏珊?泰勒(Susan Taylor)说:“他们认为‘我唯一需要做的就是更彻底、更用力地清洁它。’那是每个人的。”Most cleansing products have a surfactant, a chemical or natural compound that helps break through the surface tension of the skin. The cleanser absorbs dirt and oil and removes them during rinsing, according to Menas Kizoulis, scientific engagement leader on Johnson amp; Johnson Consumer Cos.#39; Ramp;D team.强生公司消费部研发组科研参与负责人米那斯?伊佐利斯(Menas Kizoulis)说,大多数清洁产品都含有一种表面活性剂,它是一种有助于打破皮肤表面张力的化学或天然合成物。清洁用品会在漂洗过程中吸收并消除污垢和油脂。While removing dirt and oil, the surfactant interacts with the stratum corneum, the skin#39;s outermost layer and protective barrier -- and that is where problems begin. The surfactant can remove the good oils skin produces, resulting in overdrying, Mr. Kizoulis says. And it also can remain in the stratum corneum, exacerbating irritation.在祛除污垢与油脂时,表面活性剂会与角质层发生反应。角质层是皮肤的最外层,也是它的防护屏障──而这正是问题的根源。伊佐利斯称,表面活性剂会祛除皮肤产生的有益油脂,导致皮肤过干。而且它还会遗留在角质层中,加剧对肤质的刺激。Stinging, burning and irritation are #39;actually a sign of harmful stripping of the skin,#39; says Patricia Farris, a Metairie, La.-based dermatologist and a fellow at the American Academy of Dermatology. A compromised skin barrier also makes a person more susceptible to infection and environmental harms, such as pollution. #39;Feeling squeaky clean -- we don#39;t want to go there. It#39;s too aggressive,#39; says Dr. Farris.美国皮肤病学会(American Academy of Dermatology)会员、路易斯安那州梅泰里市(Metairie, La.)皮肤病学家帕特丽夏?法里斯(Patricia Farris)称,刺痛感、灼烧感和红肿“实际上都是皮肤遭到有害剥离的迹象”。皮肤保护层受损还会使人更容易感染,遭到污染之类的环境侵害。法里斯士说:“感觉异常洁净──我们不想干净成那样儿。那太过激了。”Stephanie Samuel, a 28-year-old attorney in Chicago, told her dermatologist, #39;I get the squeaky clean feeling.#39; To which the doctor responded, #39;No! No squeaky!#39; Ms. Samuel now uses a gentle cleanser in the morning and an exfoliating cleanser in the evening.芝加哥28岁的律师斯蒂芬妮?塞缪尔(Stephanie Samuel)告诉她的皮肤科医生说:“我就觉得自己特别干净。”她的医生对此回应道:“不!不要特别干净!”如今,塞缪尔白天使用的是一种温和洁面乳,晚上使用的是一种去角质洁肤露。Facial cleansing has been a growth opportunity for the skin-care industry in recent years, with sales of cleansing liquids, creams, bars and wipes topping .8 billion last year, up nearly 4% from the prior year and more than 7% from 2010, according to Euromonitor International.根据欧睿国际(Euromonitor International)的数据,近些年来,洁面已成为护肤品行业的一个增长点。去年,清洗液、洁肤霜、清洁皂和湿巾的销售额高达18亿美元,比前年增长近4%,较2010年增长超过7%。When the founders of Clarisonic set out to create their first face-cleansing device, there weren#39;t many supporters. #39;Cleansing is the boring step. People don#39;t like to do it,#39; one dermatologist told Robb Akridge, a co-founder of Clarisonic, a unit of L#39;Oreal, and the brand#39;s global general manager. Another dermatologist gave Dr. Akridge this mandate, he recalls: #39;You have to make cleansing sexy.#39;当科莱丽 (Clarisonic)的创始人着手打造他们首个洁面仪时,当时的持者并不多。一位皮肤科医生告诉科莱丽──现在是欧莱雅旗下公司──联合创始人之一、该品牌全球总经理罗伯?阿克瑞芝(Robb Akridge)说:“清洁是特别无聊的事情,人们都不喜欢做。”另一名皮肤科医生也给了阿克瑞芝一项任务,他回忆说:“你必须得让清洗这事儿变得有意思。”The resulting product, a motorized oscillating brush, has renewed consumer interest in the cleansing category, many dermatologists say. The bristles move rapidly back and forth by about a millimeter, which #39;wiggles#39; the dirt out of the pores, Dr. Akridge says.许多皮肤病医师称,针对这个目标生产出来的产品──一种电动振动刷──重建了消费者对洁面的兴趣。阿克瑞芝士说,这些刷毛一毫米一毫米地来回迅速移动,就把污垢从毛细孔中“揪”出来了。It takes only a light touch to use the device. But Clarisonic knew some people would #39;want to push hard, like they are scrubbing the floor,#39; Dr. Akridge said. So it added a stopgap measure: When too much pressure is used, the motor keeps running but the bristles stop moving.阿克瑞芝士还称,在使用这款洁面仪时,只需轻轻触碰脸部即可。但科莱丽料到有些人会“想要使劲按压,就像他们在擦地板一样。”所以它增用了一个权宜之计:当使用者用力过大时,该仪器还会继续运转,但刷毛却停下来不动了。Another source of growth is pre-moistened facial towelettes, or wipes. Ido Leffler, co-founder of Yes to Inc., a line of natural skin-care products, says consumers like the convenience, whether using them at the gym or for a quick cleanse at night. Friends tell him they keep wipes on their bedside table. #39;They get home after a little bit of a big night, a little bit tired and little bit drunk, and remove their makeup using the towelette,#39; Mr. Leffler said. Amy Hart, Yes to product development manager, says the towelettes deliver a different textural feel than washing with water but the same cleanliness.另一个增长源是预湿面巾,或称湿巾。生产天然护肤品系列的Yes to公司联合创始人伊多?莱夫勒(Ido Leffler)说,不论是在健身房使用湿巾,还是在夜间用它进行快速清洁,消费者都喜欢它的便利。朋友们告诉他,他们都会在床头柜上放些湿巾。莱夫勒称:“他们在晚上参加活动后回到家,有点累,还有点醉,就会用面巾纸抹掉脸上的妆容。”Yes to产品研发经理艾米?哈特(Amy Hart)称,与用水洗相比,这些面巾能起到同样的清洁作用,但却能给使用者带来不同的质感。Face washing at night is most important, dermatologists say. It removes dirt, grime and pollutants that have gathered on the skin during the day, as well as makeup. Some doctors say people without a serious skin-care issue, such as acne, can skip the soap and just rinse in the morning.皮肤科医生说,在夜间洗脸最重要。它会清除白天聚集在皮肤上的尘垢、污渍和污染物,还有妆容。有些医生说,没有严重护肤问题(比如痤疮粉刺)的人早上可以不用肥皂,用水冲洗下即可。#39;Your skin has just slept on a pillow, it is clean, it doesn#39;t necessarily need to be washed,#39; said Gervaise Gerstner, a Manhattan dermatologist and consultant for L#39;Oreal Paris. Dry skin from overcleansing is a problem for people as they age, she says.巴黎欧莱雅(L#39;Oreal Paris)顾问、曼哈顿的一名皮肤科医生杰瓦伊斯?格斯特纳(Gervaise Gerstner)说:“你睡觉的时候皮肤只接触了枕头,很干净,真没必要洗。”她还称,等人们老了的时候,那些因为过度清洗引发的干性皮肤就会是一个问题。For men, the biggest face washing issue is which product they use -- or lack thereof. About half of men wash their face solely with water, says Rob Candelino, vice president of marketing for skin care at Unilever, maker of a Dove Men+Care brand. Of men who do use a cleanser, many use a bar of regular body soap, shampoo or whatever else they can find in the shower. Making matters worse, men generally don#39;t moisturize or wear sunscreen every day and so tend to be more susceptible to drying and sun damage, Mr. Candelino says. Alcohol-based products like after-shave can also cause irritation, he says.对于男性而言,洁面的最大问题是他们使用哪款产品──或者少用了哪种产品。联合利华(Unilever)护肤市场部副总裁罗布?坎戴里诺(Rob Candelino)称,约有一半的男性只用清水洗脸。联合利华是多芬男士+护理(Dove Men+Care)品牌的生产商。而那些使用了清洁产品的男性,许多人都只用一块普通的沐浴皂、洗发露或他们能在浴室找到的其他什么东西。让情况更糟的是,男性通常都不会天天给肌肤保湿或涂抹防晒霜,所以皮肤通常更易干燥和被太阳晒伤。坎戴里诺还称,像男士须后水这种含有酒精的产品也会引发红肿。Dr. Gerstner suggests men wash their face with a cleanser in the evening to remove dirt and oil. The morning cleanse -- which often overlaps with the morning shave -- is optional, especially if the skin is feeling dry, she said. To make shaving easier, men can apply a warm, moist towel to the face beforehand to soften the skin and beard.坎戴里诺士建议男性在夜间使用清洁产品洗脸来祛除尘垢和油脂。她说,晨间的清洁工作──常常会和早上的刮脸重合──不是必须的,尤其是如果你感到皮肤干燥的话。为了让刮脸更容易,男性可以事先用一条温暖潮湿的毛巾擦脸来让皮肤和胡须软化。Many Americans, especially teens, prefer cleansers that foam or create suds. #39;They like the sensation,#39; says Cindy Kee, senior brand manager at Cetaphil, a line of gentle skin-care products, both foaming and nonfoaming, from Galderma Laboratories. People also tend to believe foam cleans better, which it doesn#39;t.许多美国人,尤其是青少年更偏爱泡沫型或能产生起泡肥皂水的清洁用品。丝塔芙(Cetaphil)高级品牌经理辛迪?凯(Cindy Kee)说:“他们就喜欢这种感觉。”丝塔芙是高德美公司(Galderma Laboratories)旗下温和护肤系列品牌,包括泡沫型和不起泡产品。人们一般倾向于认为,泡沫型清洁效果更好,但事实并非如此。The urge to scrub is often formed as a teenager, when the skin is producing more oil and breakouts are common. #39;Teens really crave that deep-down-to-the-pores type clean,#39; says Katie Decker, group brand director at Johnson amp; Johnson. The average age of the first breakout is 13. From 13 to 17, girls spend an average of 34 minutes a day on skin care, 11 minutes more than the national average for all women, Ms. Decker says.想要擦洗的冲动通常是在一个人青少年时形成的,这个时期,皮肤分泌了更多的油脂、长痘非常普遍。强生集团品牌总监凯蒂?德克尔(Katie Decker)说:“青少年真的渴望那种深到毛孔内部型的清洁。”人们首次长痘的平均年纪是13岁。德克尔士还称,从13岁到17岁,女生每天平均会花34分钟来护肤,这比全国所有女性花费的平均时间要长11分钟。Acne sufferers are likely to overcleanse, either with harsh products or rough scrubbing. #39;You can#39;t wash the pimples off your face,#39; say Katie Rodan, a dermatologist and co-founder of the Proactiv three-step system, which is owned by Guthy Renker. Many acne cleansers deposit a treatment product, such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, to kill bacteria and absorb oil.痤疮患者更易进行过度清洁,要么会使用刺激性强的产品,要么会使劲擦洗。高伦雅芙(Proactiv)三步祛痘法联合创始人、皮肤科医生凯蒂?罗丹(Katie Rodan)说:“你不能把你脸上的痘痘洗掉。”高伦雅芙现归高西伦克(Guthy Renker)所有。很多痤疮洗护用品中都含有治疗药物,像过氧化苯甲?或水杨酸,就是为了杀菌和吸油。Exfoliators, which contain particles that scrape dead cells from the surface of the skin, are getting gentler, too. Procter amp; Gamble Co.#39;s Olay brand recently released the Pro-X Microdermabrasion Plus Advance Cleansing System, which it says offers a gentler experience using a device with a motorized rotating brush, a foam head and a one-minute timer.含有能刮掉皮肤表面死细胞的微粒的去角质产品也变得越来越温和。宝洁公司(Procter amp; Gamble Co.) 玉兰油(Olay)品牌近来发布了Pro-X微晶亮肤洁面仪+高级清洁套装(Pro-X Microdermabrasion Plus Advance Cleansing System)。该公司称,使用配有一电动旋转刷、一个泡沫喷雾头和一分钟计时器的洁面仪,它会提供更温和的体验。The need for exfoliation increases with age, as the skin#39;s ability to repair and shed itself slows. #39;You can see visible differences as the skin piles up,#39; Ms. Goodman says.随着年纪的增长,皮肤自行修复的能力减弱,自行脱落的速度也减慢,所以人们对去角质产品的需求会随之增加。古德曼(Goodman)说:“当皮肤皱在一起时,你就能看到这些显而易见的不同。”Many exfoliators contain sharp, jagged crystals made from particles of apricot pits or nuts that can cut into the skin, causing irritation and inflammation, says Laura Goodman, a senior scientist at Pamp;G. The crystals in the Pro-X formula are small, round and made of sodium bicarbonate -- also known as baking soda -- which dissolve during cleansing.宝洁公司高级科学家劳拉古德曼(Laura Goodman)称,很多去角质产品都含有锋利的、锯齿状的晶体,这些晶体由杏仁或坚果的微粒制成,它们会刺进皮肤,引发红肿和炎症。而Pro-X产品配方中的晶体微小圆润,且由碳酸氢钠─也被称为苏打粉─制成,它们在清洁过程中就会溶解。 /201311/266491四川省第二中医医院牙科 At 2 a. m. Mrs. Culkin was convinced that she had heard a prowler in the living-room. Tiptoe down-stairs, she told her husband, ;Don#39; t turn on the lights. Sneak up him before he knows what#39;s happening.;Dutifully Mr. Culkin put on his robe. Just as he reached the bedroom door, his wife added, ;And when you come back, bring me a glass of milk.;半夜两点,科尔肯太太确信听到客厅有贼,便对丈夫说:“别开灯,蹑手蹑脚下楼,别让贼发觉,悄悄靠近他。” 科尔肯先生披上外套,责无旁贷地去捉贼。刚走到卧室门口,他妻子又补充说:“回来时给我捎杯牛奶。” /201303/231760这是关于一个女孩、女人、女性的成长漫画On A Claire Day:亲情、友情、爱情;家庭,朋友、婚姻,工作,生活……一切的一切~今日嘱咐:解释就是掩饰,掩饰就是有故事!世上本来没有事,描啊描、说啊说的也就有了事...!译者:koogle /201305/241137四川中西医结合医院根管治疗氟斑牙怎么样好吗

德阳市妇幼保健院牙齿根管治疗价格Operations manager Diane Alter once worked for such a committed optimist that despite a litany of daily workplace crises, he'd say, 'It's all good.'It only made Ms. Alter want to protect her momentary miseries. 'Let me enjoy my bad mood for a minute,' she felt like saying. 'Let me wallow in it.'Faced with pressing problems, his involvement was limited to a phone call. All the while, she was huffing and puffing to resolve the problem herself. In the end, she says, 'Everything ends up OK because responsibility to fix it falls on everyone else.'As management literature often notes, optimists drive employees to exceptional levels of achievement. But, man, those Pollyannas can be annoying, exhausting and sometimes maddening because they can get away with so much.In offices, where blind optimism is more forgivable than even mild pessimism, staffers wait for the time when their head hopers won't know what hit them -- but it usually ends up being a promotion.Optimists think they delegate; their staffers think they deny work's unpleasant realities. Optimists raise possibilities; staffers are told they're raising obstacles. Optimists think more can be done with less; their staffers are pretty sure less gets done with less. 'I can't think of anything that I would call a true failure,' says Jeanne Schmidt, a corporate finance consultant and black-belt optimist. 'I can't stand it,' she adds, when the why-bother pessimists take charge.Art Armstrong, a chief executive of a manufacturing company, sees her point. 'If Henry V at Agincourt had spoken to his army about relative troop strengths, we might all be speaking French.''It may well be that they have been sent on a fool's errand,' he says of employees. 'But it may be that the errand is fine, the problem is that a fool was sent.'Making matters worse (for the pessimists, naturally) is research favoring optimists. Optimists' biological stress systems aren't perpetually running at full steam, taxing immune systems and inviting chronic disease.Pessimists like to think they're setting themselves up for pleasant surprises while optimists face heartbreak.Not always true. 'Optimism has this way of forever sliding into the future that protects you from the disappointments of the past,' says Shelley E. Taylor, professor of psychology at University of California Los Angeles. In her research, cancer patients who suffered a recurrence would say, 'I'll beat this just like I did the last time.'Michael Scheier, head of the psychology department at Carnegie Mellon University, says spouses of ill patients fare much better if their husbands or wives are optimistic about their future. 'It's absolutely amazing how uniformly adaptive this characteristic is in terms of health,' he says.But pessimists aren't given the benefit of their doubts. Research shows that relative pessimists are more accurate at gauging success and failure rates at a simple laboratory task than optimists, who undercounted failures and overcounted successes, says Edward Chang, associate professor of psychology at the University of Michigan. Also, evidence shows that pessimism can be highly motivational, as what's called 'defensive pessimism' drives people to achieve their goals.Arguably, adds Prof. Chang, investment banks suffering from the subprime-lending crisis were too optimistic while Goldman Sachs, which plotted out disaster scenarios, has thrived. 'Optimism associated with inaction is useless,' he says. 'But pessimism associated with movement, motivation and energy is exactly what people are talking about in terms of the best of optimism.'To the blindest of optimists, even contingency planning looks like negativity. Robert McBurnett, a chief financial officer, once worked for a company where any business opportunity was circulated among department heads to weigh the upside against concerns. Then, an unbending optimist bought the company. Any concerns were met with, 'Why are you being negative?' says Mr. McBurnett. So, they found themselves forced to fix things in midproject and troubleshoot on the fly.'They're so confident they can make chicken salad out of chicken ...' (well, you get the idea), says Mr. McBurnett. But 'it's extremely stressful on your midlevel managers. They don't last long.''It's a way of coping with situations where they have no answers and less knowledge,' adds Randy Johnson, a former hospital superintendent, who fielded many directives easier said than done. Because it's so easy to be branded a naysayer, Ms. Johnson figured out a way to cope with optimists -- by pinning concerns on others. Observe: 'Bill Jones may bring up objections and I really want to see this project work. What do you suggest that I tell him?' she would say.She also hoped her supervisor's bubble would burst from its own structural weakness. With any luck, she says, 'the optimists will generate more great ideas' and forget about their first ones. /200803/29706什邡市中医院看牙套整牙补牙洗牙价格 Never mind the historic castles, rolling countryside, famous lochs, St. Andrews golf course, renowned culinary dishes and the fact that England’s royal family loves to vacation there.忘了城堡古迹、起伏的乡野、闻名于世的湖泊、圣安德鲁斯高尔夫球场、声名在外的菜肴,也忘了这里是英国皇家热爱的度假胜地吧。When it comes to promoting itself as a tourist destination, Scotland is relying on two four-legged creatures named Fivla and Vitamin to draw visitors in.宣传自己的旅行项目吸引游客,苏格兰靠的是两只四条腿儿的生物:矮种马Fivla和Vitamin。And it’s not even dressing the Shetland ponies in the country’s native kilts or putting bagpipes nearby. No, Scotland’s tourism board is outfitting them in cardigans.而且,这两只设得兰矮种马身上穿的并不是当地的方格呢短裙,他们也没有在小马的身旁放上风笛,苏格兰的旅游局给它们穿上的是针织贸易。The dressing of the ponies marked the launch of the “Year of Natural Scotland” campaign undertaken by Scotland’s National Tourism Organization to encourage people to “Come and celebrate Scotland’s outstanding natural beauty throughout 2013,” according to its website.这两只穿着贸易的矮种马标志着“苏格兰自然年”活动的开始。根据活动网站介绍,这个活动由苏格兰国家旅游组织,旨在鼓励人们“前往苏格兰,欣赏苏格兰2013年的自然胜景”。Fivla and Vitamin have been dubbed “pony ambassadors” to help promote the campaign, which features a year’s worth of activities and insider tips on exploring Scotland’s natural beauty.Fivla和Vitamin 是宣传这次活动的“矮种马形象大使”,这次活动将重点介绍苏格兰一年中的各种活动,以及探寻苏格兰自然美景的贴心提示。“We were looking for a photo which encapsulated Scotland’s stunning natural landscapes, highlighted somewhere a little off the beaten track, and included some true Scottish locals,” a spokesperson told A News.“我们的打算是找一张包含苏格兰的自然胜景的照片,展示一些真正苏格兰当地特色,我们希望是比较特别的东西。” 活动发言人告诉A新闻网。“Shetland, and in particular Shetland ponies, instantly sprang to mind,” the spokesperson said.“设得兰群岛,特别是设得兰矮种马,一下就跳入我的脑海。”发言人说道。The ponies are dressed in jumpers created from Shetland wool and created specifically for them by local knitter Doreen Brown, notes the caption accompanying the series of photos of the pair online.矮种马系列照片下的标题注明,它们身上穿的连体装是由当地居民多琳·布朗为小马度身定制编织的,使用的材料正是设得兰羊毛。Fivla, a 17-year-old white pony, and 18-year-old Vitamin, cared for by Frances Taylor and Jo Tonkinson, were quite comfortable in their Shetland surroundings.17岁的白色矮种马Fivla和18岁的Vitamin是由弗朗西丝·泰勒和乔·汤姆金森两人照料的,他们穿着设得兰羊毛衫,看清上去非常舒适自在。“Its safe to say both Fivla and Vitamin didn’t seem to mind all the attention their custom made attire brought them,” the website says.“可以肯定地说,Fivla和Vitamin一点都不介意这身定制装带来的关注。” 活动网站这样介绍道。 /201301/223531成都市全瓷牙疼吗

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