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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年05月21日 04:01:45
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新英语900句之生活篇 Lesson29:Boredom无聊421. This book bores me. 这本书让我感到乏味。422. Do you find this class boring? 你觉得这堂课闷吗?423. This movie isn’t very interesting. 这部电影不是很有趣。424. I’m not interested in this conversation. 我对这次谈话不感兴趣。425. Holidays with my relatives tend to be boring. 和我的亲戚在一起度过假期是很无聊的事情。426. He looks pretty bored right now. 他现在看起来很无聊。427. Am I boring you? 我令你感到厌烦吗?428. No one expected the play to be this boring. 没有人想到演出会如此乏味。429. Why do you think this is dull? 你为什么认为这很乏味?430. This cannot get anymore dull. 这再乏味不过了。431. This kind of weather is very depressingx. 这样的天气真令人压抑。432. I was bored out of my mind. 我感到无聊极了。433. I just watched a dull movie and called it a night early. 我看了一部没劲的影片,然后就睡了。434. I’m usually pretty bored. 我通常都感觉很无聊。435. In class, I have nothing to do. 在课堂上,我无事可做。【生词解读】1. boredom [5bC:dEm] n. 无聊;厌倦2. bore [bC:] v. 使厌烦,烦扰3. dull [dQl] a. 乏味的,单调的,令人生厌的4. depressing [di5presiN] a. 令人沮丧的 /200710/19252

[00:03.10]It sounds great!. 听起来很不错。[00:12.27]It's a fine day. 今天是个好天。[00:20.23]So far,So good. 目前还不错。[00:28.80]What time is it? 几点了?[00:35.96]You can make it! 你能做到![00:43.02]Control yourself! 克制一下![00:50.61]He came by train. 他乘火车来。[00:58.71]He is ill in bed. 他卧病在床。[01:06.13]He lacks courage. 他缺乏勇气。[01:14.16]How's everything? 一切还好吧?[01:21.79]I have no choice. 我别无选择。[01:29.74]I like ice-cream. 我喜欢吃冰淇淋。[01:38.13]I love this game. 我钟爱这项运动。[01:46.12]I'll try my best. 我尽力而为。[01:53.90]I'm On your side. 我全力持你。[02:01.71]Long time no see! 好久不见![02:09.85]No pain,no gain. 不劳无获。[02:17.62]Well, it depends. 噢,这得看情况。[02:26.16]We're all for it. 我们全都同意。[02:33.61]What a good deal! 真便宜![02:40.88]What should I do? 我该怎么办?[02:48.40]You asked for it! 你自讨苦吃![02:55.75]You have my word. 我保。[03:02.73]Believe it or not! 信不信由你! /200810/51897

色拉英语Lesson 83 (17-4) Comfort food 被甩后用食物安慰自己英语对话文本:Oh I feel so miserable! 哦 我真不幸!What’s wrong pal? 怎么了, 伙计?Whenever things are going poorly I feel like eating. 每当有不顺心的事情, 我就想吃东西.Hey I need some pizza! 嘿 我要一些比萨!What’s the matter? 怎么了?My girlfriend dropped me! 我的女朋友抛弃了我!Don’t worry there are plenty of other women in the world! 不用担心 世界上还有很多其他女人的!Yeah well I think I also flunked my exam today! 是啊 我想我今天的考试也考砸了!I feel like having some cake! 我想要一些蛋糕!Come on get over it! 来吧 克它!You can always take the exam again. 你可以再考一次.Maybe you’re right. 也许你是对的.Look now it’s raining outside! 看现在外面下雨了!Come on pull yourself together! 来吧 振作起来!Now you can wear that new raincoat you just bought! 现在你可以穿你刚才新买的雨衣!You know you’re absolutely right. 你知道吗? 你是对的I feel so much better after talking to you. 与你交谈后我觉得好多了.Thank you so much. 非常感谢You’re really a great friend. 你真的是一个好朋友.Your check sir 你的帐单 先生本集英语单词:Miserable 不幸的/ whenever 每当/ get over 克/ check 帐单/本集英语知识要点:Feel like … 想要 …Whenever things are going poorly , I feel like eating. 每当有不顺心的事情, 我就想吃东西.Now I feel like having a cup of coffee. 现在我想来杯咖啡.I feel like having some cake! 我想要一些蛋糕!Come on, pull yourself together! 来吧, 振作起来!You know, you’re absolutely right. 你知道吗, 你是对的.My girlfriend dropped me. 我的女朋友抛弃了我。Flunk an examI flunked my biology test. 我生物学不及格。Pull yourself together 振作起来Don’t lose heart . Pull yourself together. 别灰心,振作起来。I feel much better. 我感觉好多了。Miserable 不幸的/ whenever 每当/ pull yourself together 振作起来/ I feel much better. 我感觉好多了。 /200711/21362

  This little big shot doesn#39;t do anything. Nothing.Nada.此次登上舞台的小达人什么都没做,什么都没做。All he does, he just stares at you.除了他的眼神。But he does it just about as good as anybody.他的眼神和其他人一样完美。From Omaha, Nebraska, here#39;s 10-year-old Sammy.欢迎来自内布拉斯加州奥马哈市的10岁男孩萨米。Sammy, how you doing man? Good. Good.萨米,最近好吗?我很好。很好。Just staring. Mm-hmm.就是盯着你。是的。So, what happened was there was this . In the where were you?其实都来源于视频中的故事。你在视频中出现了吗,在哪里?It was the College World Series.其实它是一个大学生棒球系列赛的视频。Oh, the College World Series. I watch that on ESPN sometimes.哦,大学生棒球系列赛。我有时会在ESPN上看。And somebody captures you staring?然后有人看见了你的眼神?It was actually a robo-camera, and I didn#39;t even know it was recording, so...它其实是一个电子摄像头,我甚至不知道它在录像。And so, it was just going, and it caught you, and you just stared at it? Yep.摄像头在录像,捕捉到了你的眼神,是吗?是的。All right, let#39;s take a look. Look right here.来让我们重温一下,看这边。Overnight, 50 million views.一夜之间,5000万点击量。50 million views of just staring. Yeah.5000万点击量,就为了你的眼神。是的。When your mom showed you the cellphone, what was she showing you?你妈妈当时让你看了眼手机,手机上有什么?Everybody was texting her that we were on TV.所有人给她发短信说,我们上电视了。When you go back to school, man, and you on this show, too. Whoo-wee!当你再回到学校,你成为了“小小达人秀”的嘉宾。欧耶!You about to be the big dog on the block.你将成为所有人的王。Okay, Sammy, so, this is the idea I got.萨米,听我说。Since you#39;re the world#39;s greatest starer, you and I are going to have a stare off. Let#39;s do it!你是世界上最酷的“眼神王”,我们要来一场比赛。开始吧!Welcome to the biggest sporting clash since the Rumble in the Jungle, the Thrilla in Manilla, and The War to Settle the Score.自“森林之战”“马尼拉之战”以及最伟大的摔跤比赛之后,我们又迎来了一场规模宏大的比赛。It#39;s the Little Big Shots Stare Off.那就是“小小达人秀眼神之战”。Our first contender is 10 years of age with piercing blue eyes. From Nebraska, it#39;s the Omaha eyeballer, Sammy.我们的第一位参赛选手是拥有锋利之光,年仅10岁的内布拉斯加州奥马哈市男孩,萨米。And our second contender with two brown eyes and one mighty mustache, it#39;s the Ohio Ogler, Mr. Steve Harvey.第二位选手拥有一双棕色眼睛,浓密胡子的俄亥俄迷眼,史蒂夫·哈维先生。The rules are very complicated. The first to blink, loses.规则很复杂。首先眨眼的即输掉比赛。Gentlemen, 3...2...1...stare!各位,3...2...1...开始。You won, man.你赢了。Ladies and gentlemen, let#39;s hear it for Sammy!女士们先生们,为萨米鼓掌! Article/201707/515691

  《洋话连篇》MP3下载及全套文本 /200704/11960。

  栏目简介:Getting lost in a big shopping mall will be a thing of the past if these robots are around. Some malls in town are aly using the robots to help customers find their way. Our reporter Wu Ying checks it out... Article/201706/513499

  栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。 Article/201608/451798洋话连篇之新洋话1000句 Lesson 25暂无文本 推荐专题:英语九百句英音版英语会话800句新东方英语900句 /200603/5521TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想 Article/201610/470014

  With my raft tethered, I can head up and see what#39;s on here.要栓好木筏 我才能攀上去一看究竟Just a stinking, fetid,horrible block of rock in the middle of the sea,这块海中岩石 真的是臭不可闻 臭的无与伦比啊stinking of all of this guano, bird poop,and all of these cactus.Look, you see that#39;s it#39;s covered in it.奇臭无比的鸟屎鸟粪 还有这些仙人掌 看到么 上面遍布鸟粪I can hardly breathe, this place stinks so much.我都无法呼吸了 这地方真是臭不可当While the rock#39;s holding, let#39;s get up this thing.石头还算结实 我们爬上去看个究竟Scan the horizon a bit here from right up this rock.从岩石的顶端 可远眺四周 Well, this is one of these places.you#39;ll never really imagining things.噢 这个地方 绝对扼杀了所以美好的幻想And you certainly never want to come to again.你绝不会想再次踏足此地There#39;s some booby eggs.See these? Look, a little nest.那有些鸟蛋 看到了吗 就在那有个小鸟巢See if these are fresh.Ugh, man, that one is not.看这是不是还新鲜 恶 天哪 这是个坏的That one#39;s kind of all right.这个好像还行It#39;s full of protein but tastes like a mix of salt and fish,delightful.这富含蛋白质 但吃着象腌的鱼肉 味道好极了Time to leave this putrid island.是时候离开这臭气熏天的海岛了Actually, look.There#39;s a pool of a little water here,and this is gonna be fresh.等等 看到了吗 这有一小滩水 这该是淡水We#39;re way above the high-tide mark here.此处远高出满潮时的水位The thing is, it is full of bird droppings and looking pretty fetid,but it is worth collecting this.问题是这里到处都是鸟粪 还散发着恶臭 但是淡水就不能放过 Article/201607/453016

  Thousands of London residents were evacuated from residential buildings with little to no notice over the weekend, as fire safety concerns continue to grow.周末,随着消防安全问题继续增加,伦敦数千名居民突然从住宅楼疏散。Officials blame combustible cladding for the sp of the massive blaze that overtook Grenfell Tower earlier this month, killing an at least 79 people.本月早些时候,格伦费尔大厦大火造成至少79人遇难,官员指责可燃覆层加剧大火的传播。As of Sunday, British authorities had found 34 buildings across the country with cladding that had failed fire safety tests.截至周日,英国当局在全国发现34栋建筑覆层没有经过消防安全检查。Thousands of people were moved out of a housing estate in London on Friday night, but there weren#39;t enough hotel rooms set up for everyone that evening.周五晚上,成千上万的人离开伦敦一居住区,但没有足够的酒店房间供给每个人。Some residents have claimed they were told to leave their homes immediately but to expect to be gone for weeks. Officials are urging people to stay with family or friends if they can.一些居民称,他们被告知要离开他们的家园,但预计要数周。官员敦促民众如果可以,与家人或朋友待在一起。译文属。 Article/201706/515205

  栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。 Article/201605/431402。

  I#39;m Bear Grylls,and welcome back to my 25 all-time greatest moments.我是贝尔·格里尔斯 欢迎继续收看我的25个精时刻So far, I#39;ve eaten the unthinkable.Taken a few tumbles.And had to run for my life.Run!目前为止 我已经吃了几个小怪兽 跌了几个大跟头 还拼死逃过一次命 快跑All that, and we#39;re only halfway through the countdown.不过更精的前半部分排名还没揭晓呢This is in here at 13,and it was difficult and dangerous,and I definitely had second thoughts.这个是第13名 这一次经历异常艰险 我回忆起来仍旧胆战心惊Hurricanes rage through here,earthquakes rip it up,and molten lava spews from volcanoes.Welcome to Guatemala!这里飓风肆虐 地震不歇 熔岩从火山口中飞溅而出 欢迎来到瓜地马拉That was a risky, risky entrance.那次着落真的非常非常冒险In Guatemala, we planned to rappel from the helicopter down onto an active volcano,and that then became interesting.在瓜地马拉 我们原计划是从直升机上 顺着绳子降到一处活火山上 而之后事情变得越发有趣了There#39;s no way the heli#39;s gonna be able to land on the volcano itself,直升机根本没办法降落在火山上 so I#39;m gonna get the pilot to hover just above the summit and then follow this rope down.所以我叫飞行员控制住直升机 让它在山顶上方盘旋 然后我顺着这条绳子下去And I#39;ve never done that on a volcano before.这种事我还从来没在火山口上挑战过You know, we had pilots who didn#39;t speak any English,so we had to have an interpreter there.我们的飞行员一点英语都不会说 所以必须由翻译转述给他So there#39;s always a delay.Okay, can we go forward 10 and down 10?因此总是有一点时间差 可以再往前几米然后往下降几米吗There#39;s all these winds doing different things up there.Are we good? No, not yet.We#39;ve just -- not yet.空中狂风大作 直升机很难控制 好了没 还没 还...还没到位You know, the very nature of the terrain there,on a slope, with a helicopter, the rotor#39;s turning,wind#39;s doing everything, the pilot#39;s fighting.那里的地形非常复杂 地势陡峭 螺旋桨不停地转 周围还狂风大作 飞行员很拼命了Bear is on the rope.Okay.The end of the rope is sometimes on the ground.Sometimes it#39;s five feet, ten feet up.贝尔已经在绳子上啦 好的 绳子底端一会儿再地上 一会儿又离地二三米 Article/201612/483265

  新英语900句之生活篇 Lesson17:Sightseeing观光241. Have you ever seen the Grand Canyonu? 你见过大峡谷吗?242. The view is wonderful from up here. 从这儿看过去景色很美丽。243. Let’s go watch the sunset. 我们去看日落吧。244. It’s hard to get a picture in this light. 在这种光线下很难照相。245. The crowds spoiled the sceneryv. 拥挤的人群破坏了景致。246. The paved road up to the mountain ruined the sense of nature. 那条一直铺到山顶的路破坏了自然的感觉。247. I want to see the desert in western China. 我想去看看中国西部的沙漠。248. He said that the coast was beautiful at sunrise. 他说日出时的海岸很美丽。249. The train goes through some beautiful country. 火车经过一些美丽的乡村。250. Winter is the best time to visit because the snow is so beautiful. 冬天是最好的旅游季节,因为雪景很美丽。251. Where should we go for our vacation this year? 我们今年去哪儿度假?252. I agree that Disney World is a great place for children and they would have a lot of fun, but. . . 我同意迪士尼乐园是孩子们的天堂,在那儿他们会玩得很开心,可是……253. It’s important for the kids to see such an important American landmarkw. 让孩子们看看这个重要的美国代表性景观,这很重要。254. It’s very popular and they only give a limited number of toursx a day. 那地方很受欢迎,每天只允许一定数量的参观者入内参观。255. Part of sightseeing is tasting new foods from different places. 旅游观光的一部分就是尝尝不同地方的没尝过的风味小吃。【生词解读】1. Grand Canyon [5grAnd 5kAnj[n] (美国) 大峡谷 2. scenery [5si:nEri] n. 风景,景色3. landmark [5lAndmB:k] n. 界碑, (建筑)明显的目标4. tour [tuE] n. 旅行,旅游,游览 /200710/19240

  So, there#39;s an actor called Dustin Hoffman.有一个叫达斯汀·霍夫曼的演员And years ago, he made this movie which some of you may have heard of, called ;The Graduate.;十几年前 他拍摄了一部叫《毕业生》的电影 你们某些人可能听说过And there#39;s two key scenes in that movie.在那个电影里有两个主要的场景The first one is the seduction scene.一个是勾引的画面。I#39;m not going to talk about that tonight.但是我今天不是来讨论那个的The second scene is where he#39;s taken out by the old guy to the pool,在第二个场景中,他被一位长者带到游泳场边and as a young college graduate, the old guy basically says one word, just one word.作为一位毕业生,长者只对他说了一个词,仅仅一个词。And of course, all of you know what that word is. It#39;s ;plastics.;当然 你们都知道那个词 就是“塑料”。And the only problem with that is, it was completely the wrong advice.但现在问题是,他给出的建议完全错了。Let me tell you why it was so wrong. The word should have been ;silicon.;让我来给你们讲讲为什么错了。因为这个词应该是“硅”。And the reason it should have been silicon is because the basic patents for semiconductors had aly been made, had aly been filed, and they were aly building them.为什么说应该是硅呢?因为那时半导体的专利已经得以注册,人们已经建立了半导体产业城。So Silicon Valley was just being built in 1967, when this movie was released.所以硅谷就是在1967年建立的 正好是这部电影发行的那一年。And the year after the movie was released, Intel was founded.在电影发行的第二年 因特尔公司成立了。So had the graduate heard the right one word, maybe he would have ended up onstage oh, I don#39;t know maybe with these two.所以说如果这位毕业生听到了正确的,或许他就会和这两位一样出现在台上。So as you#39;re thinking of that, let#39;s see what bit of advice we might want to give那么,想想看我们现在会给出什么建议,so that your next graduate doesn#39;t become a Tupperware salesman.不要让我们的毕业生最后沦落为特百惠的销售员。So in 2015, what word of advice would you give people, when you took a college graduate out by the pool在2015年,当你把一位毕业生带到游泳池边你会说什么词呢,只说一个词,and you said one word, just one word?你给人们的建议会是什么词呢?I think the answer would be ;lifecode.;我想这个应该是“生命密码”。So what is ;lifecode?;到底什么是“生命密码”呢?Lifecode is the various ways we have of programming life.生命密码是我们为生命编程的各种各样的方式。So instead of programming computers, we#39;re using things to program viruses or retroviruses or proteins or DNA or RNA or plants or animals, or a whole series of creatures.也就说我们并非在电脑上编程,而是运用工具来编译病毒逆转录病毒、蛋白质DNA、RNA 动植物以及一系列的生物。And as you#39;re thinking about this incredible ability to make life do what you want it to do,如各位所想,这项惊人的能力可以让生命按照程序编写的一样what it#39;s programmed to do, what you end up doing is taking what we#39;ve been doing for thousands of years,做你想让它做的事得到你想得到的结果。那些已经进行了上千年的事情:which is breeding, changing, mixing, matching all kinds of life-forms, and we accelerate it.各种生命形式的繁殖、改变杂交、匹配 我们加速了这一过程。And this is not something new.这并不是一件新鲜事This humble mustard weed has been modified so that if you change it in one way, you get broccoli.这株芥菜经过了基因修饰,如果你以某种方式进行改变,它就变成了西兰花。And if you change it in a second way, you get kale.如果你换一种方式,它就变成了甘蓝。And if you change it in a third way, you get cauliflower.如果用第三种方式,得到的就是花椰菜。So when you go to these all-natural, organic markets, you#39;re really going to a place所以当你去纯天然的有机菜场时,你所看到的蔬菜where people have been changing the lifecode of plants for a long time.的生命密码在很久以前就被改变了。The difference today, to pick a completely politically neutral term如今所不同的只是挑一个政治立场上完全中性的词来形容它。We#39;re beginning to practice intelligent design.我们正在进行智能设计的实践That means that instead of doing this at random and seeing what happens over generations,这意味着我们不能随意地进行试验然后看看几代后会发生什么。we#39;re inserting specific genes, we#39;re inserting specific proteins,我们需要插入特定的基因和特定的蛋白质,and we#39;re changing lifecode for very deliberate purposes.然后根据我们的目的修改生命密码,And that allows us to accelerate how this stuff happens.从而加速试验的结果。Let me just give you one example.让我举个例子。Some of you occasionally might think about sex.你们当中可能有人会偶尔产生性欲。And we kind of take it for granted how we#39;ve changed sex.我们已经对性爱的改变习以为常。So we think it#39;s perfectly normal and natural to change it.所以我们认为这种改变非常正常和自然。What#39;s happened with sex over time is normally, sex equals baby, eventually.过去,性爱的发生通常来讲,最后就意味着孩子。But in today#39;s world, sex plus pill equals no baby.但是,在今天的社会,性加药等于没有孩子And again, we think that#39;s perfectly normal and natural,再次强调我们认为这是很自然很正常的but that has not been the case for most of human history.但在人类历史中几乎没有这样的例子发生,And it#39;s not the case for animals.动物身上也没有。What it is does is it gives us control, so sex becomes separate from conception.这样的改变让我们摆脱了束缚因此性和怀不再有必然联系。And as you#39;re thinking of the consequences of that, then we#39;ve been playing with stuff that#39;s a little bit more advanced, like art.你可以想象到这样的结果接着我们开始使用一些技术一些先进的技术,比如“艺术”。Not in the sense of painting and sculpture, but in the sense of assisted reproductive technologies.不是在绘画和雕塑意义上的艺术,是指辅助生殖技术。So what are assisted reproductive technologies?什么是辅助生殖技术呢?Assisted reproductive technologies are things like in vitro fertilization.这是一种类似体外受精的技术。And when you do in vitro fertilization, there#39;s very good reasons to do it.有时可能有人无法怀Sometimes you just can#39;t conceive otherwise.那么选择体外受精无疑是一个好选择。But when you do that, what you’re doing is separating sex, conception, baby.但是通过体外受精性、怀和孩子就完全分离开来。So you haven#39;t just taken control of when you have a baby,所以你不仅可以决定生孩子的时间,you#39;ve separated when the baby and where the baby is fertilized.还可以将受精的时间和地点分离开来。So you#39;ve separated the baby from the body from the act.所以你可以把孩子和身体和性爱都分开。And as you#39;re thinking of other things we#39;ve been doing, think about twins.再举个例子 比如双胞胎。So you can freeze sperm, you can freeze eggs, you can freeze fertilized eggs.你可以冻结精子,可以冻结卵子你也可以冻结受精卵。And what does that mean?这意味着什么呢?Well, that#39;s a good thing if you#39;re a cancer patient.如果你是一位癌症患者,这绝对是一件好事。You#39;re about to go under chemotherapy or under radiation, so you save these things.你即将要接受化疗和放疗 所以你需要保存生殖细胞或受精卵You don#39;t irradiate them.这样它们就可以免遭辐射。But if you can save them and you can freeze them,但是,如果你可以保存它们,冻结它们,and you can have a surrogate mother, it means that you#39;ve decoupled sex from time.甚至可以找一位母亲,这就意味着你可以使性脱离时间的束缚。It means you can have twins born -- oh, in 50 years?也就是说你可以生下一对相差50岁的双胞胎?In a hundred years? Two hundred years?或许相差100年?200年?And these are three really profound changes that are not, like, future stuff.这些影响深远的改变这并不是将来的东西,This is stuff we take for granted today.这是我们今天认为理所当然的事情。So this lifecode stuff turns out to be a superpower.因此生命密码蕴含强大的力量。It turns out to be this incredibly powerful way of changing viruses, of changing plants, of changing animals, perhaps even of evolving ourselves.它以一种难以置信地方式改变病毒,改变植物,改变动物 甚至可以让我们自己进化。It#39;s something that Steve Gullans and I have been thinking about for a while.史蒂夫·加兰和我对于生命密码有过一些思考。Let#39;s have some risks.我们先说一些危险的情况。Like every powerful technology, like electricity, like an automobile, like computers, this stuff potentially can be misused.就像所有有力的科技一样,比如电力、汽车还有电脑,And that scares a lot of people.这吓坏了很多人。And as you apply these technologies, you can even turn human beings into chimeras.当你在使用这些科技时你甚至可以把人变成怪物。Remember the Greek myth where you mix animals?大家记得希腊神话中动物互相交配么?Well, some of these treatments actually end up changing your blood type.有一些治疗的结果甚至会让你改变血型Or they#39;ll put male cells in a female body or vice versa, which sounds absolutely horrible或者他们会把男性细胞和女性细胞放入对方体内,听起来无比可怕。until you realize, the reason you#39;re doing that is you#39;re substituting bone marrow during cancer treatments.其实你发现这就是你在癌症治疗过程中替换骨髓的过程。So by taking somebody else#39;s bone marrow,从别人身体上得到的骨髓you may be changing some fundamental aspects of yourself, but you#39;re also saving your life.也许会改变你自己的基本情况,但同时也救了你的命。And as you#39;re thinking about this stuff, here#39;s something that happened 20 years ago.如果你仔细想想,这个技术已经存在20年了。This is Emma Ott. She#39;s a recent college admittee. She#39;s studying accounting.这是艾玛·奥特 她是个在校大学生。她主修会计。She played two varsity sports. She graduated as a valedictorian.她是两种体育的校队成员还作为学生代表进行了毕业演讲。And that#39;s not particularly extraordinary, except that she#39;s the first human being born to three parents.这都没有什么特别的,但是她是第一个三亲家庭的孩子。Why? Because she had a deadly mitochondrial disease that she might have inherited.为什么 因为她很可能通过遗传得了一种线粒体疾病。So when you swap out a third person#39;s DNA and you put it in there, you save the lives of people.当你把第三个人的DNA植入这些人的体内,他们就可以活下来。But you also are doing germline engineering, which means her kids, if she has kids, will be saved and won#39;t go through this.同时使用生殖工程学的技术,如果她有孩子,她的孩子也将永远免于这种疾病的侵害。And kids will be saved, and their grandchildren will be saved, and this passes on. That makes people nervous.她的后代,和她的后代的后代都会被挽救。这让人们紧张。So 20 years ago, the various authorities said, why don#39;t we study this for a while?所以20年前,很多专家表示为什么我们不先研究一下There are risks to doing stuff, and there are risks to not doing stuff,使用这些技术是有风险的但是不用这些技术问题就会继续,because there were a couple dozen people saved by this technology,我们已经使用这些救了很多人。and then we#39;ve been thinking about it for the next 20 years.我们已经思考了20年。So as we think about it, as we take the time to say, ;Hey, maybe we should have longer studies,这期间我们不停地说:“也许我们需要更长时间的研究”,maybe we should do this, maybe we should do that,;“也许我们要做这个也许要做那个”,there are consequences to acting, and there are consequences to not acting.凡事都是有两面性的。用科技治愈致命的疾病也不例外。Like curing deadly diseases which, by the way, is completely unnatural.治愈致命的疾病其实是非常反常的。It is normal and natural for humans to be felled by massive epidemics of polio, of smallpox, of tuberculosis.如果人类死于大量的传染病比如脊髓灰质炎,天花,肺结核,那是非常正常的。When we put vaccines into people, we are putting unnatural things into their body在人体体内疫苗就是一件很不正常的事,because we think the benefit outweighs the risk.但是我们认为利大于弊。Because we#39;ve built unnatural plants, unnatural animals, we can feed about seven billion people.因为我们培养了特殊的植株特殊的动物,我们才可以养育这70亿人。We can do things like create new life-forms.我们可以创造新的生物And as you create new life-forms, again, that sounds terribly scary and terribly bothersome,乍一听创造新生物实在太恐怖太可怕,until you realize that those life-forms live on your dining room table.其实你在餐厅的桌子上就可以看到那些新生物。Those flowers you#39;ve got on your dining room table餐厅桌子上买回来的鲜花there#39;s not a lot that#39;s natural about them,和自然完全沾不上边,because people have been breeding the flowers to make this color, to be this size, to last for a week.因为人类一直在选育固定的颜色固定的尺寸,以及强大的生存能力。You don#39;t usually give your loved one wildflowers because they don#39;t last a whole lot of time.你通常不会放野花在这因为它们活不了多久。What all this does is it flips Darwin completely on his head.这一切的一切都完全颠覆了达尔文的理论。See, for four billion years, what lived and died on this planet depended on two principles: on natural selection and random mutation.40亿年前,地球上生物能否生存取决于两个原则:自然选择和基因突变。And so what lived and died, what was structured, has now been flipped on its head.而这两个原则现在已经被完全颠覆了。And what we#39;ve done is created this completely parallel evolutionary system我们正在创造一个完全并行的进化系统where we are practicing unnatural selection and non-random mutation.这个系统里我们尝试着非自然选择和定向变异。So let me explain these things. This is natural selection. This is unnatural selection.让我来解释一下:这是自然选择。这是非自然选择。So what happens with this stuff is,we started breeding wolves thousands of years ago in central Asia to turn them into dogs.这个物种实际上是几千年前的中亚人通过驯养狼得到的物种。And then we started turning them into big dogs and into little dogs.然后我们开始把培育成大或者小。But if you take one of the chihuahuas you see in the Hermès bags on Fifth Avenue但是如果你带着一只第五大街上的某个爱马仕包里的吉娃娃and you let it loose on the African plain, you can watch natural selection happen.去非洲平原放生 你就可以看到自然选择的发生。Few things on Earth are less natural than a cornfield.地球上没有比玉米地更不自然的了。You will never, under any scenario, walk through a virgin forest and see the same plant growing in orderly rows at the same time, nothing else living there.如果你进入原始森林你永远不可能看到同一种植株When you do a cornfield, you#39;re selecting what lives and what dies.你在种植玉米的时候,你决定了什么生什么死。And you#39;re doing that through unnatural selection.你在进行非自然选择。It#39;s the same with a wheat field, it#39;s the same with a rice field.麦田也一样,稻田也一样,It#39;s the same with a city, it#39;s the same with a suburb.城市也一样,郊区也一样。In fact, half the surface of Earth has been unnaturally engineered事实地球上一半的地区都是人工控制的结果so that what lives and what dies there is what we want,这些地区我们决定物种的生死。which is the reason why you don#39;t have grizzly bears walking through downtown Manhattan.所以你不可能在曼哈顿的街区看到灰熊走来走去。How about this random mutation stuff? Well, this is random mutation.基因突变是什么呢?这就是基因突变。This is Antonio Alfonseca. He#39;s otherwise known as the Octopus, his nickname.这是安东尼奥·艾方塞卡,他还有一个外号叫做章鱼He was the Relief Pitcher of the Year in 2000.他是2000年的最佳替补投手。And he had a random mutation that gave him six fingers on each hand, which turns out to be really useful if you#39;re a pitcher.他的基因发生了随机突变使得他的每个手掌都长出了六个手指 结果明六个手指的手掌对于一个投手来说是很有利的条件How about non-random mutation? A non-random mutation is beer. It#39;s wine. It#39;s yogurt.非随机突变是怎样的呢 啤酒 葡萄酒 酸奶 都属于非随机突变。How many times have you walked through the forest and found all-natural cheese?你在森林里走的时候看见一块纯天然的奶酪的几率有多大呢Or all-natural yogurt? So we#39;ve been engineering this stuff.纯天然酸奶呢?这些都是非随机突变的结果。Now, the interesting thing is, we get to know the stuff better.有趣的是,现在我们对于突变了解的更多了。We found one of the single most powerful gene-editing instruments, CRISPR, inside yogurt.我们在酸奶中发现了基因编辑的有力武器CRISPR。And as we start engineering cells,我们开始控制细胞we#39;re producing eight out of the top 10 pharmaceutical products,利用这个工具制造十种最常用药物中的八种including the stuff that you use to treat arthritis, which is the number one best-selling drug, Humira.包括治疗关节炎的特效药,修美乐。So this lifecode stuff. It really is a superpower.生命密码就是这些东西。它真的超级强大。It really is a way of programming stuff, and there#39;s nothing that#39;s going to change us more than this lifecode.真的就像在编码生物一样,再也不会有比生命密码对于人类的改变更大的改变了。So as you#39;re thinking of lifecode, let#39;s think of five principles as to how we start guiding, and I#39;d love you to give me more.所以在思考生命密码的时候 在开始准备使用它的时候 我们要遵守五个原则。我希望各位可以给我更多启发。So, principle number one: we have to take responsibility for this stuff.原则一:我们要承担对生命密码的责任。The reason we have to take responsibility is because we#39;re in charge.之所以我们要肩负起责任是因为我们是使用者。These aren#39;t random mutations.这不是随机的突变。This is what we are doing, what we are choosing.这是我们的选择,我们的工作It#39;s not, ;Stuff happened.; It didn#39;t happen at random.这不是“事情就这样发生了” 这既不是随机发生的。It didn#39;t come down by a verdict of somebody else.也不会随着别人的决定而消失。We engineer this stuff, and it#39;s the Pottery Barn rule: you break it, you own it.我们制造了它,根据珀特里·巴恩的原则:你破坏了规则,你就要对它负责。Principle number two: we have to recognize and celebrate diversity in this stuff.原则二:我们必须明白并且鼓励物种的多样性。There have been at least 33 versions of hominids that have walked around this Earth.曾经至少有33种原始人存在于这个世界上。Most all of them went extinct except us.除了我们之外绝大多数已经灭绝。But the normal and natural state of this Earth is we have various versions of humans walking around at the same time,但是正常情况下的地球应该有不同种的人类同时存在which is why most of us have some Neanderthal in us.这也是为什么很多人有尼安德特人Some of us have some Denisova in us.和丹尼索瓦人的特征。And some in Washington have a lot more of it.一些华盛顿的政客好像有更多类似的特征。Principle number three: we have to respect other people#39;s choices.原则三:尊重他人的选择。Some people will choose to never alter.有人选择不改变,Some people will choose to alter all.有人选择改变,Some people will choose to alter plants but not animals.有人选择改变植物但是不改变动物,Some people will choose to alter themselves.有人选择改变自己。Some people will choose to evolve themselves.有人选择进化自己。Diversity is not a bad thing, because even though we think of humans as very diverse,多样性是好的 尽管我们认为人类多样性已经很丰富了,we came so close to extinction that all of us descend from a single African mother但是因为我们来自同一位非洲母亲的基因 我们也有灭绝的危险。and the consequence of that is there#39;s more genetic diversity in 55 African chimpanzees than there are in seven billion humans.而且它的后果是 55只非洲黑猩猩的基因的多样性都比70亿人类丰富得多。Principle number four: we should take about a quarter of the Earth and only let Darwin run the show there.原则四:我们应该让四分之一的世界遵循达尔文的原则。It doesn#39;t have to be contiguous, doesn#39;t have to all be tied together.这四分之一的世界不用连在一起,也不用被绑定在一起看待。It should be part in the oceans, part on land.但是要有部分的海洋和部分的陆地。But we should not run every evolutionary decision on this planet.我们不应该决定地球上每一个物种的进化。We want to have our evolutionary system running.我们需要我们的进化系统的运行。We want to have Darwin#39;s evolutionary system running.我们也需要达尔文进化系统的运行。And it#39;s just really important to have these two things running in parallel and not overwhelm evolution.我们需要两个系统并行而不是压倒性的人工进化。Last thing I#39;ll say. This is the single most exciting adventure human beings have been on.最后我想提的是 这是人类经历过的最刺激的一次冒险This is the single greatest superpower humans have ever had.这是人类拥有过的最大的超能力It would be a crime for you not to participate in this stuff because you#39;re scared of it, because you#39;re hiding from it.由于你的恐惧和逃避 而没有参与进来 你会有很大的愧疚感You can participate in the ethics. You can participate in the politics.你可以从伦理的角度参与进来你可以从政治的角度参与进来You can participate in the business.你可以从商业的角度参与进来You can participate in just thinking about where medicine is going,你可以仅仅通过思考制药业和工业的未来where industry is going, where we#39;re going to take the world.通过思考我们和世界如何共处而参与进来。It would be a crime for all of us not to be aware when somebody shows up at a swimming pool如果有人出现在游泳池告诉我们了一个词,仅仅一个词如果那个词是“生命密码”and says one word, just one word, if you don#39;t listen if that word is ;lifecode.; Thank you very much.如果我们没有听,没有注意那么这将是全人类的遗憾。非常感谢。 Article/201706/515349

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