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2018年12月15日 12:08:18 | 作者:挂号咨询 | 来源:新华社
The researchers then asked the women and men to rate the men in the photos according to their attractiveness, finding heavy stubble to be the clear winner among women.研究人员随后让所有测试者按照相片中男子的吸引力大小为这几张相片排序,结果发现有重胡茬的男性更受女性青睐。What explains the hankering for heavy stubble?为什么会是这个结果呢?‘Our findings confirm that beardedness affects judgments of male socio-sexual attributes and suggest that anintermediate level of beardedness is most attractive while full-bearded men may be perceived as better fathers who could protect and invest in offspring,’ the researchers concluded in the abstract of their study.研究人员总结道:“我们的研究实,留什么样的胡子的确会影响到人们对男性社会属性的判断。留中等程度胡子的男性是最具魅力的,而蓄着大胡子的男性则会被认为是更尽责的父亲,能承担起保护、教育子女的重任。”Dixson and Brookshypothesize that facial hair makes men seem more mature and masculine but also more dominant and aggressive, the website of the Australia edition of Men#39;s Health reported. ;Men, judging other men, might be sensitive to the overall level of masculine threat and aggression signaled through full beards,; the researchers wrote, according to the website. ;Women, by contrast, may balance...a competitive masculine partner against the costs of mating with a too-masculine partner.;迪克森和布鲁克斯推测,胡子不仅可以使男性看起来更成熟、更具男子气概,还更有闯劲儿和配力。研究者在澳大利亚“男性健康”网站写道:“男性评价男性时,会注意对方整体的阳刚气概,这种威胁攻击性都能从他的从大胡子里看出来;而女性在评价男性时,则会更均衡全面,她们更愿意和一个相对阳刚、而非那种过于男子气概的人在一起。”As to why light stubble loses out to heavy stubble, the researchers believe that there#39;s ;athreshold ofdensity and distribution may be necessary for beards to function as an attractive signal,; Science magazine reported. In other words, it#39;s just too patchy那为什么只有一点儿胡茬的人不如留有重胡茬的人更具魅力呢?研究人员解释说,“胡子作为展现性感的标志,也存在着一个密度分布阈值”。简而言之,只有一点胡茬的话看着太零碎了。 /201306/245604

Although French singer Edith Piaf defiantly sang that she would have no regrets, most people will look back and say ;if only; at many points in their lives。法国歌手伊迪丝·琵雅芙固执地唱出不留任何遗憾的心声,然而大部人往往对人生的某些节点“悔不当初”。But holding on to ;what might have been; can actually be detrimental to your health。然而这种“悔不当初”的心境却会有损健康。Scientists from Concordia University found that people who compared themselves to successful friends and neighbors caught more colds than people who did the same with those they considered worse off。康科迪亚大学的科学家发现那些惯于同成功的朋友邻居比较的人感冒的次数比那些习惯“比下”的人多。Lead author Dr Isabelle Bauer, said: ;Our study examined how younger and older adults cope with life regrets.;该研究的首席作者伊莎贝尔?鲍尔士称:“我们研究了各年龄阶段的成年人处理人生遗憾的方式。”;One common coping mechanism was through social comparisons, which can be both good and bad, depending on whether people think they can undo their regrets.;“其中一项共同的处理模式就是进行社会比较。然而比较是把双刃剑,关键在于人们是否认为能够消除这些遗憾。”;Generally if people compare themselves to those who are worse off, they#39;re going to feel better.;“一般说来, #39;比上#39;让人感觉更遗憾,#39;比下#39;则能舒缓情绪。”;When they compare themselves to people who are better off, it can make them feel worse.;“一般说来, #39;比上#39;让人感觉更遗憾,#39;比下#39;则能舒缓情绪。”The researchers asked 104 adults of various ages to complete a survey about their greatest regrets.研究人员让104名年龄各异的成人完成一项关于人生最大遗憾的调查。These ranged from not spending enough time with their family to having married the wrong person. Participants were then asked to report how the severity of their own regrets compared to the regrets of other people their age。遗憾包括与家人相聚时间太少,夫妻性格不合等。实验要求受试者根据同龄人的遗憾报告自己的遗憾程度。The scientists found those who regularly considered those less fortunate than themselves reported a positive effect on their emotional well-being。科学家发现那些经常和不及自己幸运的人比较的人心理情绪状态更为积极。Senior author Professor Carsten Wrosch, said: ;The emotional distress of regrets can trigger biological disregulation of the hormone and immune systems that makes people more vulnerable to develop clinical health problems - whether a cold or other potentially longer-term health problems. ;高级作家卡斯腾?霍什教授说:“心理遗憾导致的情绪压力会引发荷尔蒙和免疫系统紊乱,让人更容易出现临床健康问题,像感冒或者其他潜在的长期健康隐患。”Unlike findings from previous studies on the same topic, age did not determine how effectively people reconciled their life regrets。本次研究和以往类似话题的研究结果不同,年龄对人们如何处理人生遗憾并没有太大影响。Dr Bauer said: ;Moving on and being able to maintain good emotional well-being depends greatly on an individual#39;s opportunity to correct the cause of their regrets.;鲍尔士称:“能否出现遗憾仍积极生活并保持乐观情绪,很大程度取决于个人能否有机会纠正遗憾产生的原因。” /201302/227542

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